Common Conditions Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Common Conditions Part 2 Deck (49)
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1

a common, benign, uterine tumor that affects 40% of women over 40

Uterine Fibroids

2

MC tumor of the pelvis, MC reason for a hysterectomy

Uterine Fibroid

3

during bimanual exam, firm irregular nodules in contour of the uterus

Uterine Fibroid

4

Uterine Fibroid: Risk factors

Nulliparity, African American (2-3x), Older

5

Uterine Fibroid: Plain film findings

cauliflower-like radio-opaque mass

6

Uterine Fibroid treatment, least and most invasive

Wait and see - Hysterectomy

7

UAE

Uterine Artery Embolization

8

Endometrial carcinoma is MC in which group of women

postmenopausal

9

T/F Endometrial carcinoma is linked to the balance of estrogen and HcG

F - Estrogen and Progesterone

10

Red flag of Endometrial carcinoma

Postmenopausal vaginal bleeding

11

fluid-filled sac in an ovary

Ovarian Cysts

12

T/F Ovarian cysts are unilateral only

F - Unilateral or Bilateral

13

Ovarian cyst causes

Hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction
Native anatomic defects in the reproductive system

14

T/F Ovarian Cysts can be present from neonatal period to postmenopause

True

15

Ovarian cysts commonly occur w/in which age groups

Infancy and adolescence (hormonally active periods of development)

16

Type of Ovarian Cyst - common, single, small, often resolve on their own

Follicular

17

Type of Ovarian Cyst - common, large, mucous can spread through abdominal cavity

Mucinous

18

Type of Ovarian Cyst - acutely painful, amennorhea

Corpus luteum

19

Type of Ovarian Cyst - teeth, hair, heavy cyst

Dermatoid/Teratoma

20

Ovarian Cyst symptoms

usually asymptomatic, possible lower abdominal pain

21

MC form of ovarian cancer

Epithelial tumor

22

types of tumors that develop from connective-tissue cells

stromal tumors

23

germ cell tumors develop most often in which age group of females

young women, teenage girls

24

suspect ovarian cancer in women >___yrs w/ symptoms

40yrs

25

MC site for ectopic (tubal) pregnancy

fallopian tubes

26

symptoms of ectopic pregnancy

abnormal vaginal bleeding
LBP
mild cramping on ipsilateral side of pelvis
lower abdominal pain

27

Is a chandelier sign common for an ectopic pregnancy?

Yes

28

Results in tachycardia, hypotension, and is considered a surgical emergency

ruptured(hemorrhage) ectopic pregnancy

29

T/F Clinical Note (Ectopic Preg.) - even mild abdominal pain may be significant

TRUE

30

Red flag for ectopic pregnancy

sudden, dramatic change from mild/vague abdominal pain, to a sudden onset of sever abdominal tenderness, particularly one side