Common Conditions Part 1 Flashcards Preview

Male/Female Ex 2 & 3 > Common Conditions Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Conditions Part 1 Deck (46)
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1

Amenorrhea, nausea, breast changes, skin pigmentation, urinary frequency

"Possible/Presumptive" signs of pregnancy

2

Fluttering in lower abdomen, enlarged uterus, positive pregnancy test

"Probable" pregnancy signs

3

Visualization of embryo via ultrasound, fetal heartbeat and movement felt by doctor

"Positive" pregnancy signs

4

Goodell sign

softening of cervix (4-6 weeks)

5

Hegar sign

softening of uterine isthmus (6-8 weeks)

6

McDonal sign

fundus flexes easily on cervix (7-8 weeks)

7

Braun von Fernwald sign

fullness/softening of fundus at implantation site (7-8 weeks)

8

Piskacek sign

palpable lateral bulge on uterine cornu (7-8 weeks)

9

Chadwick sign

bluish color of cervix, vagina, and vulva (8-12 weeks)

10

Typically begins in late 20s and increases in incidence and severity as menopause approaches

Premenstraul Syndrome (5-7 days before menses)

11

T/F A healthy lifestyle may help decrease PMS symptoms

Is this even a question? (in addition to obvious habits and foods, B6 and Oil of Primrose have shown positive effects)

12

Inability to conceive over a period of 1 year

Infertility

13

Presence/growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus

Endometriosis

14

Symptoms: Endometriosis

Pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, heavy/prolonged menstrual flow

15

Endometriosis is confirmed via ____

Laproscopy

16

Pain during intercourse, common with Endometriosis, is known as

Chandelier sign

17

Age and Ethnicity risk factors for Endometriosis

25-44 - Asian and Caucasian

18

T/F Delay in diagnosis of Endometriosis is common, sometimes up to 10 years

True

19

Endometriosis: Patterns of menstruation

Shorter intervals
Prolonged flow (>1 weeks)
More severe cramps

20

Endometrial deposits most commonly occur in which 2 locations

Ovary (75%) and Posterior cul-de-sac (70&)

21

What % of Endometriosis cases recur after treatment?

10-20% w/in 3 years

22

Endometriosis INCREASES or DECREASES peritoneal fluid levels, leukocytes, prostaglandins, and enzyme levels all w/in the peritoneal fluid

INCREASES

23

Which infection commonly inflames the Bartholin Gland

Gonorrhea - also staph, E. coli, and chlamydia

24

Medica tx of inflamed Bartholin Gland

lance and drain

25

Causative organism: Bacterial vaginosis

Gardnerella vaginalis

26

Causative organism: Candida vulvovaginitis

Candida albicans

27

Review Slide 22/23 chart

odors, discharge, confirmation tests

28

Cervical Cancer is either of which two carcinomas?

Squamous cell carcinoma or Adenocarcinoma

29

Cervical CA typically originates from a lesion present at which location?

squamocolumnar junction

30

T/F Precancerous and early cervical cancer changes are detected by physical exam

False - Pap smear