Flashcards in Exam 3 - Contraception & Family Planning Deck (56)
What % of pregnancies in the US are unplanned?
What % of unplanned pregnancies end in termination?
What % of unintended pregnancies occur in women who do not use contraception?
Use: when the method is used correctly and consistently as directed
Use: how effective the method is during actual use
Most effective reversible methods of birth control
IUDs and contraceptive implants (
Coitus Interruptus & Postcoital Douche are what types BC methods
"Folk" (CI = pulling out)
A vaginal diaphragm is ineffective w/o the use of what?
A vaginal diaphragm should be left in place how many hours after intercourse?
T/F A woman who has had drastic weight changes while using a diaphragm may need to have it repositioned or re-fit?
TRUE... weight changes can certainly shift the position of the vaginal diaphragm
2 major side effects of vaginal diaphragm use
vaginal wall irritation
Increased risk of UTIs
A small, cuplike, diaphragm placed over the cervix; held in place by suction
a cervical cap should be left in place for how many hours after intercourse?
MC cause of cervical cap failure
male condom failure rate
Latex or Natural condoms help prevent against HIV and other STDs
typical use failure rate of female condom
name of agent used for spermicides
typical use failure rate of spermicides
do spermicides protect against STIs?
term describing days of menstrual cycle where female is infertile
predicts ovulation by a mathematical formula based on the menstrual pattern recorded over a period of several months
Calendar Method (least accurate of all methods) - requires a regular cycle
Calendar Method is based on the knowledge that the LUTEAL phase is relatively constant at how many days
Fertile interval should be assumed to extend from how many days before/after ovulation
The Temperature Method (Basal Body Temp - BBT) is recorded when?
upon awakening in the AM - BEFORE any physical activity
a slight drop in temperature occurs how long after ovulation
24-36 hours (1-1.5 days)
BBT method: what day is considered to be the end of the fertile period
The Billings Method monitors what?
cervical mucus - becomes thing and watery several days before and just after ovulation
no note of secretions spanning two-days to determine "pregnancy is not likely"