Exam 3 - Contraception & Family Planning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 3 - Contraception & Family Planning Deck (56)
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1

What % of pregnancies in the US are unplanned?

50%

2

What % of unplanned pregnancies end in termination?

50%

3

What % of unintended pregnancies occur in women who do not use contraception?

40%

4

Use: when the method is used correctly and consistently as directed

"Perfect use"

5

Use: how effective the method is during actual use

"Typical use"

6

Most effective reversible methods of birth control

IUDs and contraceptive implants (

7

Coitus Interruptus & Postcoital Douche are what types BC methods

"Folk" (CI = pulling out)

8

A vaginal diaphragm is ineffective w/o the use of what?

spermicide

9

A vaginal diaphragm should be left in place how many hours after intercourse?

6-24 hours

10

T/F A woman who has had drastic weight changes while using a diaphragm may need to have it repositioned or re-fit?

TRUE... weight changes can certainly shift the position of the vaginal diaphragm

11

2 major side effects of vaginal diaphragm use

vaginal wall irritation
Increased risk of UTIs

12

A small, cuplike, diaphragm placed over the cervix; held in place by suction

Cervical cap

13

a cervical cap should be left in place for how many hours after intercourse?

8-48 hours

14

MC cause of cervical cap failure

Dislodgement

15

male condom failure rate

10-30%

16

Latex or Natural condoms help prevent against HIV and other STDs

Latex

17

typical use failure rate of female condom

21%

18

name of agent used for spermicides

Nonoxynol 9

19

typical use failure rate of spermicides

28%

20

do spermicides protect against STIs?

NO

21

term describing days of menstrual cycle where female is infertile

Periodic Abstinence

22

predicts ovulation by a mathematical formula based on the menstrual pattern recorded over a period of several months

Calendar Method (least accurate of all methods) - requires a regular cycle

23

Calendar Method is based on the knowledge that the LUTEAL phase is relatively constant at how many days

14 days

24

Fertile interval should be assumed to extend from how many days before/after ovulation

2/2 days

25

The Temperature Method (Basal Body Temp - BBT) is recorded when?

upon awakening in the AM - BEFORE any physical activity

26

a slight drop in temperature occurs how long after ovulation

24-36 hours (1-1.5 days)

27

BBT method: what day is considered to be the end of the fertile period

third day

28

The Billings Method monitors what?

cervical mucus - becomes thing and watery several days before and just after ovulation

29

no note of secretions spanning two-days to determine "pregnancy is not likely"

TwoDay Method

30

Which method of ovulation tracking uses colored beads?

Standard Days Method