Flashcards in Female Exam Part 1 Deck (31)
The symphysis pubis is covered by adipose tissue called...
Labia minora: have hair or hairless?
Which pair of the minora forms the frenulum of the clitoris
Which pair of the labia minora forms the prepuce
The uterus is located between which 2 intrapelvic organs?
Bladder and Rectum
When nonpregnated, the uterus is in what position and what weight?
Anteroposterior : 60-90g
Uterus is divided anatomically into what 2 components?
Corpus and cervix
T/F : The uterus opens into the vagina via the internal cervical os
F: EXTERNAL cervical os
The "adnexa" of the uterus are composed of which 2 structures?
fallopian tubes and ovaries
4 ligaments supporting internal genitalia
Cardinal, Uterosacral, Round, Broad ligaments (CURB)
In infants and children, the cervix is WHAT FRACTION of the entire length of the uterus when compared to an adult?
Onset of menstruation (aka menarche) typically occurs between which ages (in the US)
Uterine weight at term, not including fetus and placenta
During pregnancy, the pelvic joints separate slightly, resulting in which named gait
Ovarian function diminishes around which age
Menopause typically occurs between which ages?
1 year w/o menses
T/F After menopause, there is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease
Ovulation ceases roughly how many years before menopause
Review HPI, Past Medical History, Family History (slides 10-25) - sorry guys, too dry to make cards
Risk Factors: Cervical Cancer
Lack of regular screening
HPV infection - "higher risk strains"
Sex before 16
Diets low in which two food groups is a risk factor for cervical cancer
Fruits and Vegetables
Which 3 demographics have an increased risk for cervical cancer?
Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans
Risk Factors: Ovarian Cancer
Increased age: 50% cases >63yrs old
Early menarche, infertility, nulliparity, first child >30, and menopause >50
Family Hx of which 3 cancers are risk factors for Ovarian Cancer
Which ethnicity is predisposed as being a risk factor for Ovarian CA w/ a family history
Ashkenazi Jewish descent
Which 2 genes increase the risk for contracting Ovarian CA
BRCA1 and BRCA2
T/F White women have an increased risk of Ovarian CA over Black women
A diet high in what increases the risk for Ovarian CA