Female Exam Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Female Exam Part 1 Deck (31)
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1

The symphysis pubis is covered by adipose tissue called...

Mons Pubis

2

Labia minora: have hair or hairless?

hairless

3

Which pair of the minora forms the frenulum of the clitoris

lower pair

4

Which pair of the labia minora forms the prepuce

upper pair

5

The uterus is located between which 2 intrapelvic organs?

Bladder and Rectum

6

When nonpregnated, the uterus is in what position and what weight?

Anteroposterior : 60-90g

7

Uterus is divided anatomically into what 2 components?

Corpus and cervix

8

T/F : The uterus opens into the vagina via the internal cervical os

F: EXTERNAL cervical os

9

The "adnexa" of the uterus are composed of which 2 structures?

fallopian tubes and ovaries

10

4 ligaments supporting internal genitalia

Cardinal, Uterosacral, Round, Broad ligaments (CURB)

11

In infants and children, the cervix is WHAT FRACTION of the entire length of the uterus when compared to an adult?

2/3

12

Onset of menstruation (aka menarche) typically occurs between which ages (in the US)

11-14

13

Uterine weight at term, not including fetus and placenta

1000g

14

During pregnancy, the pelvic joints separate slightly, resulting in which named gait

"Waddle gait"

15

Ovarian function diminishes around which age

40

16

Menopause typically occurs between which ages?

40-55

17

1 year w/o menses

Menopause

18

T/F After menopause, there is an increased risk of cardiovascular disease

True

19

Ovulation ceases roughly how many years before menopause

1-2 years

20

Review HPI, Past Medical History, Family History (slides 10-25) - sorry guys, too dry to make cards

...

21

Risk Factors: Cervical Cancer

Lack of regular screening
HPV infection - "higher risk strains"
Sex before 16
Oral contraceptives
Cigarette smoking
DES exposure

22

Diets low in which two food groups is a risk factor for cervical cancer

Fruits and Vegetables

23

Which 3 demographics have an increased risk for cervical cancer?

Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans

24

Risk Factors: Ovarian Cancer

Increased age: 50% cases >63yrs old

Early menarche, infertility, nulliparity, first child >30, and menopause >50

Fertility drugs

25

Family Hx of which 3 cancers are risk factors for Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian
Breast
Colon

26

Which ethnicity is predisposed as being a risk factor for Ovarian CA w/ a family history

Ashkenazi Jewish descent

27

Which 2 genes increase the risk for contracting Ovarian CA

BRCA1 and BRCA2

28

T/F White women have an increased risk of Ovarian CA over Black women

True

29

A diet high in what increases the risk for Ovarian CA

fat

30

Risk Factors: Endometrial Cancer

Total length of menstruation span
Infertility/nulliparity
Obesity
Tamoxifen
PCOS
Diabetes
Age - 95% occur in women >40
BRCA1 and 2