Common Medical Suffixes Flashcards Preview

NAB EXAM > Common Medical Suffixes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Medical Suffixes Deck (42):
1

-trophy

development, nourishment, e.g., hypertrophy (an overgrowth or increase in the bulk of a body part or organ)

2

-phobia

fear, e.g., claustrophobia (fear of being closed in a small space)

3

-plasty

surgical repair, e.g., thoracoplasty (reparative or plastic surgery to the chest)

4

-otomy

incision, to cut into, e.g., nephrotomy (an incision into the kidney)

5

-oma

tumor, e.g., carcinoma (a malignant tumor)

6

-stasis

arrest, control e.g., cholestasia (an arrest in the flow of bile from the liver)

7

-path

morbid or diseased, e.g., a sociopath (a person who feels no remorse or guilt about behaving in socially unaccepted ways, e.g., physically beating a roommate and feeling no guilt or remorse)

8

-algia


pain, e.g., neuralgia (nerve pain)


9

-lysis

breakdown, e.g., hemolysis (the destruction of red blood cells)

10

-lith

stone, e.g., nephrolith (kidney stone)

11

-pathy

disease, e.g., neuropathy (any nerve disease) or angiocardiopathy (disease of the heart or blood vessels) or cardiomyopathy a disease of the heart; diabetic neruropathy is an often heard term in the nursing facility

12

-orrhea

flow, discharge, e.g., gastrorrhea (excessive secretion of gastric juice or mucus by the stomach)

13

-orexia

appetite, desire, e.g., anorexia (loss of appetite)

14

-sclerosis

hardening, e.g., arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

15

-megaly

enlargement, e.g., cardiomegaly (enlargement of the heart)

16

-clysis

washing, irrigation, e.g., enteroclysis (enema of the intestines)

17

-emesis

vomiting, e.g., hyperemesis (excessive vomiting)

18

-opsy

vision, e.g., biopsy (excision of a small piece of living tissue from a patient for microscopic examination)

19

-centesis

surgical puncture, e.g., paracentesis (a puncture of the body cavity for removing fluid)

20

-ectomy

excision (cutting out) of, e.g., tonsillectomy (cutting out of the tonsils)

21

-clasis

breaking, e.g., thromboclasis (the breaking up of a blood clot)

22

-ac

pertaining to, e.g., cardiac (pertaining to the heart)

23

-taxis

order, arrangement, e.g., thermotaxis (regulation of the temperature of the body

24

-penia

deficiency, e.g., leukopenia (any situation in which the total number of leukocytes -white blood cells- in the circulating blood is less than normal)

25

-pexy

fixation, to put into place, e.g., nephropexy (surgical attachment of a floating kidney)

26

-pnea

breath, e.g., polypnea (very rapid breathing)

27

-it is

inflammation, e.g., dermatitis (inflammation of the skin)

28

-cele

hernia, e.g., protrusion of a portion of an organ or tissue through the wall that normally contains it.

29

-orrhaphy

suture, e.g., gastrorrhaphy (the suture of a perforation of the stomach

30

-ac

pertaining to, e.g., cardiac (pertaining to the heart)

31

-uria

urine, e.g., albuminuria (the presence of protein in urine, chiefly albumin; albumin is any protein that is soluble in water)

32

-emia

denoting a condition of the blood, e.g., glycemia (sugar in the blood)

33

-ectasia

dilation, stretching, e.g., gastrectasia (dilation of the stomach)

34

-odynia

painful condition, e.g., cardiodynia (pain in the heart)

35

-pepsia

digestion, e.g., dyspepsia (indigestion or upset stomach)

36

-tripsy

crushing, e.g., lithotripsy (the crushing of a stone in the kidney by a machine, called a lithotripter, that uses sound waves to break stones into minute particles, which can then be passed in the urine)

37

-genesis

condition of producing, e.g., carcinogenesis (the origin or production of cancer)

38

-malasia

softening, e.g. osteomalasia (a disease characterized by gradual softening and bending of the bones)

39

-rhythmia

rhythmical, e.g., arrhythmia (any variation from the normal rhythm of the heart)

40

-ostomy
Cards Remaining: 10

to make a new opening, e.g., colostomy (the establishment of an artificial anus by an opening into the colon)

41

-cyte

cell, e.g., hematocyte (any blood cell)

42

-spasm

sudden violent involuntary contraction of muscles, e.g., myospasm (spasm of a muscle)