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Flashcards in Resident/Patient Care Deck (41):
1

internist

a physician who specializes in diagnostic procedures and treatment of non-surgical cases

2

Stress Theory of Aging; Wear and Tear

Some theorists have suggested that the body simply wears out, or that vital parts wear out, similar to what occurs in machines

3

Psychiatrist

a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders

4

Neurologist

a physician who diagnoses and treats diseases of the brain, nervous system, and spinal cord

5

Osteopath

a doctor of osteopathy, not an allopathic trained medical doctor, who uses methods of diagnosis and treatment that are similar to those of a medical doctor, but who places special emphasis on the interrelationship of the musculoskeletal to the other body systems

6

Schedule IV Drugs

drugs with less abuse potential than Schedule III drugs, e.g., barbital, Librium ® diazepam Valium ® and Dalmane ®

7

family medicine specialist or practitioner

The general practitioner of yesteryear has gone full circle and is itself a specialty requiring three years of internship beyond medical school. They specialize in diagnosing diseases and making referrals to specialists when appropriate and still provide the bulk of care in nursing homes.

8

Urologist

a physician specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the kidney, bladder and reproductive organs

9

anti-infectives

kill or decrease the growth of infectious organisms, complementing the natural body defense mechanisms

10

Psychoanalyst

- a psychiatrist who specializes in the use of psychoanalytic technique of therapy

11

Orthopedist

a physician who specializes in diseases and injuries to bones, muscles, joints, and tendons. An orthopedic surgeon is a physician who specializes in surgical procedures relating to the bones, muscles, joints, and tendons

12

Physiatrist

a physician who specializes in physical medicine, body movements and conditioning much like the focus of a physical therapist, often associated with sports medicine

13

Proctologist

a physician specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of the large intestine, particularly the rectum and anus

14

Geriatrician

a physician who concentrates on the treatment of elderly persons. Gerontology became a specialization only in 1987.

15

gerontologist

a professional, as mentioned briefly above, who studies the problem of the aging population in society and usually is not a medical doctor

16

Podiatrist

a trained professional, who is not a medical doctor, concerned with care of the feet, including clipping of toenails for diabetics, and who treats ailments such as corns, and bunions

17

Schedule I Drugs

drugs with a high abuse potential and no accepted medical use in the United States, e.g., heroin, marijuana, LSD, peyote, mescaline, and certain other opiates and hallucinogenic substances

18

Dermatologist

a physician who diagnoses and treats diseases of the skin

19

antibiotics

one of the more notable groups of medications within this class. Among the different types are the penicillins, cephalosporins, and tetracyclines.

20

Somatic Theories of Aging

Because no one really knows why people age, there are several theories instead of one generally accepted explanation. Theorists are increasingly suspecting that the forces that produce age changes are different from those that drive longevity determination.

21

The five rights of medication administration include identifying

1.the right medication 2.the right dose 3.the right time for administration 4.the right route (oral, shot, etc.) 5.the right patient (a picture with the Medication Administration Record (MAR) is always a good idea

22

Anti-anxiety and anti-psychotic medications

act on the central nervous system to enable residents to deal with changes in their own behavior or stressful and anxiety-provoking changes in their environment

23

Endocrinologist

a physician who specializes in disorders affecting the endocrine (ductless gland) system. This system includes the pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, and adrenal glands which secrete hormones into the blood stream.

24

Schedule II Drugs

drugs with accepted medical use in the United States, having high abuse and dependency potential, e.g., opium, morphine, codeine, methodone, cocaine, amphetamine, secobarbital, methaqualone, (Quaalude), and phencyclidine ("angel dust"). These were formerly Class A narcotics.

25

Psychologist

one, not a physician, who studies the function of the mind and behavioral patterns and administers psychological tests

26

Failure of Collagen

Collagen is a protein fiber that is distributed in the walls of the blood vessels, the heart, and the connective tissue. Is age accompanied by a reduction in the elasticity of this protein, possible leading to heart muscle inefficiency and, because of rigidity, to reduced cell permeability, making cell nutrition more difficult?

27

Optician

a technician, not a physician, trained to grind lenses and to fit eye glasses

28

Schedule V Drugs

drugs with less abuse potential than Schedule IV drugs. These typically are compounds containing limited qualities of narcotic drugs for antitussive (anti-cough) and antidiarrheal purposes.

29

The following are the five basic types of actions drugs will produce

blocking nerve impulses; stimulating nerve impulses; working directly on living cells; working to replace body deficiencies; any combination of the above

30

The federal government has classified drugs into the following five schedules

Schedule I, Schedule II, Schedule III, Schedule IV and Schedule V

31

Opthamologist

a physician who diagnoses and treats eye diseases and disorders, performs eye surgery, refracts the eyes, and prescribes corrective eye glasses and lenses

32

Cardiologist

a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases

33

Schedule III Drugs

drugs with less abuse potential than schedules I and II drugs. Several compounds are included, e.g., Empirin compound with codeine, Tylenol ® with codeine, and Phenaphen ® with codeine. These were formerly Class B drugs.

34

"Specialization"

Typically a three-year training program taken beyond medical school curriculum which itself is usually four years. By professional custom, physicians usually place only "M.D." after their names, omitting any reference to certification they may hold as a "specialist."

35

anti-anginal medications

work to alleviate the pain associated with a decreased oxygen supply to the heart muscle

36

Gastroenterologist

a physician who treats and diagnoses diseases of the digestive tract.

37

Rheumatologist

a physician who specializes in the treatment of rheumatic and arthritic diseases

38

Radiologist

a physician specializing in the use of "X-ray" and similar medical diagnostic machines such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computer automated tomography (CAT) scans and other medical techniques or modalities

39

General Surgeon

a physician who specializes in operative procedures to treat illnesses or various injuries

40

Neuroendocrine Theory of Aging

Several theorists believe that the brain and the endocrine glands control aging.

41

Pulmonologist

a physician specializing in treatment of the lungs