Compound Tenses Flashcards Preview

Schaum's Spanish Grammar > Compound Tenses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Compound Tenses Deck (34)
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1

They have been here.

Ellos han estado aquí.

(the present perfect tense is used to express a past action and uses the present tense of haber with the past participle)

2

Maria has sung my favourite song.

María ha cantado mi canción favorita.

3

Until now, he hasn't answered my letter.

Hasta ahora él no ha contestado a mi carta.

4

Have you finished the work?

(to several people)

¿Han empezado Uds. el trabajo?

5

I have spoken with him.

Yo he hablado con él.

6

You have never eaten with us.

Tú nunca has comido con nosotros.

7

We have lived in the suburbs.

Nosotros hemos vivido en los suburbios.

8

Where have you learnt it?

¿Dónde lo ha aprendido Ud.?

9

Why have you not opened the window?

(to several people)

¿Por qué no han abierto Uds. la ventana?

(some past participles are irregular)

abrir

10

I have covered it with a blanket.

Yo lo he cubierto con una manta.

cubrir

11

I think they have discovered another planet.

Creo que ellos han descubierto otro planeta.

descubrir

12

Your little dog has died.

Su perrito ha muerto.

morir

13

I have put it in the boot of the car.

Yo lo he puesto en la maletera del carro.

poner

14

They have not returned yet.

Ellos no han vuelto todavía.

volver

15

But the thing is they have already left.

Pero es que ya han salido.

16

But the thing is they have already packed the suitcases.

Pero es que ya han hecho las maletas.

hacer

17

But the thing is they have already put the luggage in the boot.

Pero es que ya han puesto el equipaje en la maletera.

18

But the thing is they have already visited their cousins.

Pero es que ya han visitado a sus primos.

19

But the thing is they have already seen their colleagues.

Pero es que ya han visto a sus colegas.

ver

20

Maria had already sung when the Gypsies danced.

María ya había cantado cuando los gitanos bailaron.

(the pluperfect is formed by using the imperfect tense of haber with the past participle)

21

They had already eaten when I arrived.

Ellos ya habían comido cuando yo llegué.

22

I had already finished the work when the telephone rang.

Yo ya había terminado el trabajo cuando sonó el teléfono.

23

I had already been familiar with Europe when I went to Asia.

Yo ya había conocido a Europa cuando fui a Asia.

24

The thieves had already left when the dog barked.

Los ladrones ya han salida cuando el perro ladró.

25

They would have finished, but it started to rain.

Ellos habrían terminado pero empezó a llover.

(the conditional perfect is used to express what would have happened had something else not interfered)

26

I would've eaten, but I wasn't hungry.

Yo habría comido pero no tenía hambre.

27

He would've lived here, but he couldn't find an apartment.

Él habría vivido aquí pero no pudo encontrar apartamento.

28

They would've asked me for it, but they didn't see me.

Ellos me lo habrían pedido pero no me vieron.

29

We would've come back yesterday, but there were no flights

Nosotros habríamos vuelto ayer pero no había vuelo.

haber → there is; there are

30

You would've insisted, wouldn't you?

(to a friend)

Tú habrías insistido, ¿no?