Subjunctive Flashcards Preview

Schaum's Spanish Grammar > Subjunctive > Flashcards

Flashcards in Subjunctive Deck (16)
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1

We will not go to the park until they come.

No iremos al parque hasta que vengan Uds.

(the subjunctive is used with adverbial conjunctions of time when the verb of the main clause is in the future, since you cannot be certain if the action will actually take place)

action not yet realized --- subjunctive

2

They did not eat until their father returned from his work.

Ellos no comieron hasta que su padre volv de su trabajo.

(when the verb is in the past, however, the indicative and not the subjunctive is used, since the action has already taken place)

action realized → indicative

3

He did not call me until I called him.

No me llamó a mí hasta que yo lo llamé a él.

4

They will leave as soon as the program finishes.

Ellos saldrán en cuanto termine el programa.

en cuanto → as soon as

5

They will serve more as soon as we finish with this.

Servirán más en cuanto nosotros terminemos con esto.

6

He told it to me as soon as he saw me.

Él me lo dijo en cuanto me vio.

7

She wrote as soon as she received my letter.

Ella escribió tan pronto como recib mi carta.

tan pronto como → as soon as

8

We will see it as soon as we enter.

Lo veremos tan pronto como entremos.

9

He told me it when he returned.

Él me lo dio cuando volv.

10

They will send it when they are in Buenos Aires.

Ellos lo mandarán cuando estén en Buenos Aires.

11

It will be tomorrow when they visit us.

Será mañana cuando ellos nos visiten.

12

We will buy it before Maria knows it.

Lo compraremos antes de que María lo sepa.

(the conjunction antes de que is an exception: it always takes the subjunctive)

antes de que → before

13

They returned before we left.

Ellos volvieron antes de que nosotros saliéramos.

(if the verb is in the past, the imperfect subjunctive is used after antes de que)

14

He finished before I could help.

Él terminó antes de que yo pudiera ayudar.

15

We will return before you all go to Europe.

Nosotros volveremos antes de que Uds. vayan a Europa.

16