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Flashcards in Conditions Deck (28):
1

Premature medical complications - meconium aspiration syndrome

Due to bowel movement in utero
Near term or term infant inhales substance and can develop resp. distress
20% will have developmental delays and some up until 3 yrs

2

Premature medical complications - Respiratory distress syndrome or hyaline membrane disease

Resp distress due to atelectasis caused by insufficient surfactant in premature lungs
May lead to acute resp failure and death

3

Premature medical complications - Bronchopulmonary dysplagia

Chronic lung disease as a result of damage to lungs from mechanical vent, oxygen admin, or RDS
Predisposes child to frequent resp infections and develop delays

4

Premature medical complications - Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL)

necrosis of white matter adjacent to ventricle of brain due to systemic hypotension or ischemia
may result in CP

5

Premature medical complications - Periventricular-Intraventricular hemorrhage

bleeding into immature vascular matrix
Grades 2-4 can lead to CP

6

Premature medical complications - Retinopahty of prematurity (ROP)

due to combination of low birth weight and high oxygen levels

7

Premature medical complications - necrotizing enterocolitis

ischemia results in inflammatory, infected bowel

8

Premature medical complications - patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)

ductus arteriosus should close soon after birth

9

CP

group of disorders that are prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal in origin

10

CP - non progressive encephalopathy

major causes includee hemorrhage below lining of ventricles, hypoxic encephalopathy, malformations and trauma of CNS

11

Classifications for CP

By area of body showing impairment
Type of movement disorder
Gross motor classification system (GMFM)

12

Classifications for CP - area of body

one limb - monoplegia
two - di
upper and lower of one side of body - hemi
all four limbs - quad

13

Classifications for CP - movement disorder

Spastic
Athetosis
Ataxia
Dystonia
Hypotonia
Mixed

14

Classifications for CP - GMFM

1 - walk w/o restriction
2 - walk w/o ad
3 - walk w/ ad
4 - self mobility with limitations
5 - self mobility with severe limitations

15

Myelodysplasia/Spina bifida

neural tibe defect resulting in vertebral and/or spinal cord malformation
elevated serum or amniotic alpha fetoprotein, amniotic acetylcholinesterase in prenatal period used for diagnosis

16

Spina bifida occulta

no spinal cord involvements - may be indicated by a tuft hair, dimple, or sinus

17

Spina bifida cystica

visible or open lesion
Meningocele
Myelomeningocele

18

Spina bifida cystica - meningocele

cyst includes CSF
cord is intact

19

SB cystica - myelomeningocele

cyst includes CSF and herniated cord tissue

20

SB can develop Arnold Chiari II malformation

cbm and brainstem are pushed through foramen magnum

21

Brachial plexus injury

traction or compression to unilateral brachial plexus during birth process or due to cervical rib abnormality

22

Erbs palsy

Involves C5/C6, upper arm paralysis
may invovle rhomboids, lev scap, SA, deltoid, supra and infraspinatus, biceps, brachioradialis, brachialis, supinator, long exten of wrist, fingers, and thumb

23

Klumpkes paralysis

invovles C8-T1, lower arm paralysis, intrinsic hand muscles, flexors and ext of wrist and fingers

24

Down syndrome

trisomy 21
chromosomal abnormality caused by breakage and translocation of a piece of chromosome onto normal chromosome

25

TBI

Primary brain injury due to mechancal forces of initial impact
Secondary brain injury due to processes initiated as result of initial trauma

26

Duchenne MD

X linked recessive
inherited by boys
carried by recessive gene of mother
Dystrophin gene is missing which results in inc permeability of sarcolemma and destruction of mm cells

27

Beckers MD

slower variant of DMD
emerges in late childhood or adolescence
cease walking around 27 and death around 42

28

Autism spectrum disorder

Developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 yrs of life and affects the brains normal development of socail and communication skill