Congenital Heart Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Congenital Heart Disorders Deck (8)
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1

Noncyanotic anomalies (4)

ASD
VSD
PDA
Coarc

2

Describe the 4 defects in Tetralogy of Fallot, (6-10% of significant congenital heart defects)

CYANOTIC

1. Pulmonary stenosis (valve is thickened)
2. Right ventricular Hypertrophy
3. Ventricular Septal Defect
4. Overriding Aorta (receives blood from R and L)

3

Opening between right and left atria.

Atrial septal defect

4

Most common type of ASD?

Ostium Secundum

5

Perimembranous (most common), muscular, or outlet openings between ventricles

Ventricular Septal Defect

6

Failed or delayed closure of the channel bypassing the lungs, which allows placental gas exchange during the fetal state.

Patent Ductus Arteriosis

7

Treatment for PDA?

Nothing, or IV Indomethacin

8

Narrowing in the proximal thoracic aorta

Coarctation of the aorta