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Flashcards in Corcica Deck (56):
1

Does Corsica produce more AOC or IGP wine?

IGP. Just 30% is AOC.

2

What is the most widely planted white grape variety in Corsica?

Vermentino (Rolle)

3

What is the climate of Corsica?

Mediterranean, with oceanic and alpine influences

4

What IGP is shared among the Rhône, Provence and Corsica?

IGP Méditerranée

5

Does Corsica produce more red or white wine?

Red

6

What is Corsica's largest AOC by volume of production?

Vin de Corse AOC / Corse AOC. It covers the entire island.

7

What is the most widely-planted red grape variety in Corsica?

Nieulluccio (Sangiovese)

8

What is Corsica's island-wide IGP?

The IGP Ile de Beauté

9

Where are Corsica's vineyards located?

The vineyards ring the coastline. The center of the island is a mountainous national park.

10

Nieulluccio is a synonym for what Italian grape?

Sangiovese

11

Sangiovese is known as _________in Corsica

Nieulluccio

12

What is Corsica's largest AOC by size?

Vin de Corse AOC / Corse AOC accounts for around 45% of Corsica's AOC production.

13

How many nations have ruled Corcica during the millennia?

6

14

Who founded viticulture in Corsica?

The Phocieians in 570 BC

15

In the 11th Century who helped to regain control of the island of Corsica?

The Pisa settlement. This was done in the name of the Pope and restored civility and helped regain viticulture.

16

The first grapes to be planted on Corsica were?

A clone of Sangiovese called Nieluccio this became known as Niellucciu (on Corsica the masculine O is pronounced U)

17

From the 13th to the 18th Century who ruled Corcica?

The Genoese government who introduced rules and restrictions for planting vineyards

18

In 1768 who relinquished control to Corsica?

The Genoise, however it was not theres to give away. The French took it by force.

19

What did the Corcican government do in the 19th Century to help viticulture?

They introduced the planting of the Sciacarello/ Sciacarellu grape (known as Mammello in Italy

20

In the 1960s who resurrected the corsica winemaking tradition?

The Algerian immigrants who settled in the area. They introduced high yielding grape varieties

21

What was the first AOC introduced in Corsica in 1968?

Patrimonio

22

What did the French government do to the Corsican wine industry in the 1980s?

Introduced rules to help purchase new wine equipment and to also reduce yields and vineyard acerage

23

As of 2008 Corsica has?

9 AOCs and 2 IGPs. 30% AOC, 60% IGP, 10% Vins Sans IG.

24

Where is Corsica?

Located in the Mediterranean. 100 miles/ 160 kms sthwst of France, 7 miles or 11kms from Sardinia, 50 miles/ 80 kms from Italy

25

Why does Corsica have so many italian winemaking traditions?

Due to how close it is to Italy and the long tradition of Italian rule

26

Is Corsica hotter than mainland France?

Yes. Much hotter. It possesses both Oceanic and Alpine influences

27

Where is the vineyards of Corsica located?

In a ring around the island. There are no vineyards in the middle due to it being extremely hilly and it being a national park

28

Cap Corse- Corsica?

- In the Nthern peninsula thesis is mainly schist. This suits Vermentino/ Rolle as the climate is cooler here
- Low rainfall and strong, desiccating winds lead to the production of fortified and dessert wines

29

Patrimonio- Corsica?

- Sth of the Cap Corse, limestone and clay soils are found here
- Nielluccio (Sangiovese) has found a home. Full bodied, fruit forward wines. Tight core of minerality, herb scented aroma

30

Ajaccio- Corsica?

- Wst coast, the soil contains a high proportion of granite
- The native red grape of Sciaccarello does really well here and produces richer and full bodied wines

31

East Coast- Corsica?

- Marly sand with granite
- Two large AOCs: Vin de Corse AOC between the cities of Solenzara and Bastia and the Vin Corse Porto Vecchio, near Porto Vecchio
- Light bodied, fresh- fruit flavoured whites, reds and roses

32

What 3rd of Corsica are white grapes?

1/3 it is better known for its red grapes

33

Vermentino- Corsica

- Thrives near the coast, most widely planted white grape in Corsica
- Produces two styles: lively and aromatic and fat and round

34

Ugni Blanc- Corsica

- An Italian grape Trebbiano with good acid
- Produces neutral whites

35

Codivarta- Corsica

Italian grape with good extract, moderate alcohol and moderate to low acid

36

Muscat a Petit Grains Blanc- Corsica

Responsible for vibrant and boldly aromatic, fortified dessert wines of the nrth peninsula of Cap Corse (Muscat du Cap Corse)

37

Nielluccio- Corsica

- Most widely planted red grape in AOC
- Bright acid and occasionally astringency tannins

38

Sciacarello- Corsica

- Italian grape (Mammalo)
- Lightly pigmented reds and roses, bright acid and generous alcohol

39

Grenache- Corsica

- Spain or Sardinia (origin)
- Can play a major role in Vin de Corse, but less significant in Ajaccio and Patrimonio

40

Syrah- Corsica

- Secondary blending grape

41

Cinsault- Corsica

- Secondary blending grape

42

Carignan- Corsica

- Native to Spain (Carinena/ Mazuelo)
- Secondary blending grape

43

Mourvedre- Corsica

- Native to Spain (Mataro/ Monastrell)
- Secondary Blending Grape

44

Barbarossa- Corsica

- Italian
- Secondary Grape

45

IGP White Grapes- Corsica

- Chardonnay is a major grape for IGP wines
- Muscat a Petit Blanc Grains is crafted into white IGP wines as well

46

IGP Red Grapes- Corsica

- Red Grapes represent 60% of the IGP plantings: Merlot, Cab Sauv, P/ Noir plus all grapes used for AOC production are incorporated into these bottlings
- Merlot accounts for nearly 30% of all IGP plantings

47

Vine Training- Corsica

- Traditionally Gobelet training (short untrelised training)
- But modern winemaking and mechanical harvesting have prompted a change to Guyot and Cordon de Royat training

48

Irrigation- Corsica

- Largely prohibited
- It is only allowed under certain conditions in all AOC areas

49

Threats to the Vine- Corsica

- It can be threatened by pests and sometimes Cicadas

50

Vin de Corse AOC- Corsica

- The regional Vin de Corse AOC covers the entire island, but production is largely centred on the east coast of the island
- 5 sub-appellations. Each is labeled with Vin de Corse or Corse preceding the specified zone of production:
* Corse Coteaux du Cap Corse (North)
* Corse Calvi (Nthwst)
* Corse Sartene (Sthwst)
* Corse Figari (Sthest)
* Corse Porto Vecchio (Sthest)
- This regional AOC and its sub-appellations account for around 45% of all AOC wines produced in Corsica

51

Grapes of Vin de Corse AOC- Corsica

- red and Roses: min 50% Nellucciu, Sciacarellu and Grenache. 2ndary grapes: Cinsault, Mouvedre, Barbarossa and Syrah in any percentages. Carignan, although allowed, must be less than 20%
- Whites are predominately Vermentino

52

Ajaccio AOC- Corsica

- Surrounds the sthwst coastal town of Ajaccio
- Mostly medium bodied red and rose with at least 60% Sciacarello, Nielluccio, Barbarossa and Vermentino are principal blending partners
- White must be at least 80% Vermentino, the balance of the blend can be Ugni Blanc

53

Patrimonico AOC- Corsica

- Located on the nth coast and was Corsicas first AOC (1968)
- Reds: 90% Nielluccio, Roses: 75% Nielluccio. Blending partners: Sciacarello, Grenache and Vermentino
- Whites must be 100% Vermentino

54

Muscat du Cap Corse AOC

- This Vin Doux Naturel (Fortified sweet wine) is produced on the nth peninsula of the island
- The wines are 100% Muscat a Petit Grains Blanc
- Made by outage: alcohol must be between 15-18% and RS more than 9.5%

55

IGP Ill de Beaute- Corsica

Most of the production (60%). Island wide. Name means Island of Beauty

56

IGP Mediterranee- Corsica

- A small amount is made
- Made up of Rhone, Provence and Corsica