Cornea Flashcards Preview

written boards > Cornea > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cornea Deck (155)
Loading flashcards...
0

Whats Avelino dys?

Gran + lattice
LGA airport (lattice granular avellino all same family)

1

K verticilata
Facts in

Fabrys
Amio
Chloroquine
Tamoxifen
Subconj gent
Ibupofen
Naproxen

2

Whats meretoja sx

Lattice and systemic amyloid
Masked facies and cranial n palsies

3

Stumped

Sclerocornea
Trauma (foreceps)
Ulcer
Metabolic conditions
Peters
Endothel dystrophy
Dermoid

4

What % of peters will be bilateral?

60

5

Which dystrophies are tgfb1?

Large (5 letters = chrom. 5)
Lattice
Avellino
Reis bucklers
Granular
Empty

6

What does a pt w schnyders k dysrophy c/o?

Decr vision during day when pupil small bc cant get thru central cholest plaquea

7

Whats the eye finding in goldenhars

Dermoids

Preaur skin tag
Bellybutton tag

8

Name 8 causes of spontaineous hyphema

1. Retinoblastoma
2. Von willinbrand
3. Leukemia
4. Juv xanthogran (tuton)
5. Nvi
6. Hemophilia
7. Iris melanoma
8. Zoster uveitis

9

Refractive power of the cornea

43.25

11

What syndrome is keratoglobus ass w?

Ehlera danlos
Can have deafness

12

short stature, short stubby fingers, microspherophakia, extopia lentis

weill-marchessani

13

whats the surgical risk in a pt w nanophthalmos?

spontaneous choroidal hemorrhage

14

microphthalmos

small screwed up eye

15

what causes keratoglobus?

high IOP pushes against ectatic cornea causing thinning and K readings in the 60s

16

name 3 syndrome associated with keratoglobus

1) LCA
2) Ehlers-danlos
3) Rubenstein-Taybi syndrome

17

what syndrome is limbal dermoid associated with?

Goldenhaar

18

Name the 3 indications for corneal surgery

1) center of K has opacity and cant see through it
2) opacity NEAR visual axis causing astigmatism that cant be corrected with glasses
3) pain/redness failed medical treatment

19

name 2 causes of massive telangiectasias of the conj

1) ataxia-telangiectasia (aka Louis bar- AR)
2) osler-weber-rendu syndrome (plt disorder w renal compromise)

20

name 5 causes of follicular conjunctivitis

adeno hardly happens to careful nuns
adenovirus
herpes
hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (picornavirus)
chlamydia
newcastles disease (a bird virus)

21

what causes ligneous conjunctivitis?

type 1 plasminogen deficiency

22

whats the finding in CIN

"fimbriated blood vessels" grows rapidly in immunocompromise

23

how do you treat CIN?

Excisional biopsy with surrounding cryo

24

where does SCC of conj usually appear?

by limbus and may be white bc its growing faster than the eye can lubricate it so it keratinizes itself

25

when do you biopsy PAM?

>1 cm in diameter

26

whats the w/u for conj malignant melanoma?

full body scan and LFTs

27

whats the surgical management of sebaceous cell ca

full-thickness lid biopsy--send fresh for oil red o staining
don't forget its pagetoid spread (spreads from deep to superficial)

28

what causes episcleritis and how do you treat it?

its just irritation, lubricate

29

whats the symptoms of scleritis?

deep pain

30

whats the workup for scleritis?

infectious, collagen vascular dz
rf, ana, anca,lyme, syphilis, tb