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Intro to Forensic Psychology > Corrections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Corrections Deck (41):
1

Goals of most custodial institutions

- To ensure the safety of the individual (number 1 goal)
- To ensure the safety of the community
- To provide programming opportunities for the rehabilitation of offenders

2

Pre- 1450

Possession by demons - defense 'I was possessed by a demon' - cause - due to physical possession by some kind of demon - Response - Remove the demon

3

Pre-historic and 1700s

Trephining - often in frontal lobe/ scapegoat

4

1450 - 1750 (Dark Ages)

Possession by the Devil -Cause- Abnormal behav. believed to be spiritual possession by the devil - Response - 'Encourage' the devil to leave - flogging, icewater, burning

5

1750 - 1800

Biological Abnormality and proportional responses era

6

Cause of abnormal behav. during biological abnormality and proportional responses era

Due to some unknown biological cause

7

Response to abnormal behav during biological abnormality and proportional responses era

- e.g ice baths (lower temp) to treat physiological - blood transfusions - frontal lobotomies -

8

1800 - 1850

Institutionalized Era

9

Cause of abnormal behav during institutionalization era

- some uncontrollable cause

10

Response to abnormal behav during institutionalization era

- separation and instituionalization

11

Panopticon Design

Prison design Jeremy Batham - prison guard can see all the prisoners - Roundhouse in Fremantle (1830)

12

1850 - 1900

Medical Era

13

Cause of abnormal behav during medical era

due to medical problem

14

Response to abnormal behav during medical era

operations and medications

15

1900 - 1930

Psychoanalytical Era

16

Cause of abnormal behav in psychoanalytical era

Due to early childhood conflicts and unconscious impulses

17

Reponse to abnormal behav in psychoanalytical era

- Intensive individual therapy (rich criminals)

18

1930 - 1950

Behavioural era

19

Cause of abnormal behav in behavioural era

Due to learning

20

Response to abnormal behav in behavioural era

Behaviourally based treatments (aversion therapy - reconditioning - systematic desensitisation - behaviour mod)

21

Aversion Therapy

Behavioural technique in which the individual is exposed to the stimulus of interest while forced to experience an unpleasant sensation in order to stop the behaviour (clockwork orange)

22

What is aversion therapy based on

classical conditioning (Watson, Pavolv)

23

Key component of aversion therapy

Forming of association between behaviour and unpleasant sensation

24

Early studies of aversion therapy on

rats and alcoholics

25

Antabuse

used to support the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. It blocks the processing of alcohol in the body by inhibiting acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, thus causing an unpleasant reaction when alcohol is consumed.

26

Forensic applications of aversion therapy

Paedophiles - deviant sex offences

27

Behavioural Modification programs

Positive behaviours encouraged through a schedule through the implementation of a schedule of reinforcement (Skinnerian)

28

Behavioural Modification Programs based on

Operant conditioning work of Skinner

29

What is Behavioural Modification also known as

- Token economy

30

Forensic Applications include

- Youth custodial facilities - male and female custodial facilities

31

1950 - 1980

Humanistic Era

32

Cause of abnormal behaviour in humanistic era

Believed to be due to the need for people to self-actualise

33

Response to abnormal behav in humanistic era

Group therapy aimed at impacting empathy, unconditional acceptance and genuineness

34

Forensic Applications of humanistic approach

Therapeutic jurisprudence (law as a therapy) - restorative justice -

35

Cause of abnormal behaviour in cognitive era (1980 - today)

-Due to cognitive thinking style - may be positively impacted through a behavioural based program

36

Cognitive risk factors related to offending

- self control - locus of control - social problem-solving - empathy - recognition of feelings

37

Self-control definition

Degree to which one can successfully cope with potentially negative urges feelings and reactions including - impulsivity - risk-seeking -self-centredness -temper

38

Locus of control

Degree to which you believe that you control your own destiny (Low ext ------ high ext)

39

Social Problem Solving

The ability to SUCCESSFULLY IDENTIFY and RESOLVE SOCIALLY based CHALLENGES such as disappointment, frustration etc

40

Empathy

- Ability to GENUINELY UNDERSTAND the SITUATION of ANOTHER

41

Recognition of Feelings

(Emotional Intelligence) - The ability to RECOGNIZE and CONTROL your OWN FEELINGS as well as RECOGNIZE the FEELINGS of OTHERS