Offender Profiling Flashcards Preview

Intro to Forensic Psychology > Offender Profiling > Flashcards

Flashcards in Offender Profiling Deck (19):
1

Definition of psychological profile

The *scientific analysis* of *trace psychological evidence* in order to assist with the *detection, suppression and knowledge* of *criminal behaviour*

2

The specific uses of psychological profiling

- Detection of offenders - Distribution of police resources (patrols etc) - Public Education & Safety

3

Important parts of profiling

- use of models and theories related to both abnormal and 'normal' psychology (e.g psychological disorders, trait-theory, decision-making),use of personal insight and knowledge of the law

4

When are the two profiling models employed?

- Serial offenders (3 or more separate yet related events)

5

What makes an offender a serial offender?

- 3 or more separate yet related crimes (don't have to be arrested)

6

Clinical Model (FBI) US

Goal is to create a psychological profile of the offender, get inside the head of offenders

7

Experimental/Statistical Model (UK)

- Goal is to create a statistically-based profile of factors related to the location of the offender and his/her crimes

8

FBI profiling process (4 stages)

1) Data Assimilation Stage 2)Examination of crime scenes 3) Crime scene reconstruction 4) creation of offender profile

9

Stage 1 FBI profiling process

Gathering and assimilating all available data that might be related to the case (e.g police reports, crime scene photos, pathologist reports)

- Attempt to identify the offenders MO (modus operandi) and/or signature

10

Modus Operandi (MO)

Refers to the *particular way* by which a person performs a *particular task* (e.g studies for examination)

11

Signature

Any specific and identifiable action or characteristic of the offender that *reflects their nature*

12

Stage 2 (FBI profiling)

Examination of the crime scenes in order to ascertain whether the scene is *representative* of an organised or disorganised offender

13

Stage 3 FBI profiling

Crime Scene Reconstruction - use of information gathered in stages 1 & 2 to reconstruct the crime scene in a way that allows for deciding whether the offender is organised or disorganised

14

Organised Offenders

-Average to above average intelligence -Socially & sexually competent -High birth order (first or second born) -Skilled worker - Controlled mood during crime -Precipitating situational stress -Follows crimes in news -May leave town after crime

15

Disorganised offender

- Below average intelligence
-Socially inadequate and sexually incompetent
-Low to middle birth order
-unskilled worker
-anxious mood during crime
-Minimal situational stress
-Does not follow crime in news
-Lives/works near crime scene

16

Ted Bundy, organised or disorganised?

organised

17

Ted Bundy

Assaulted/murdered at least 30 women (rape and necrophilia
- crimes occured in at least 7 different states during a 4-year period

18

Jeffrey Bahner

- Disorganised
-all in miwaukee

19

Stage 4 (FBI profiling)

Creation of an offender profile that includes physical elements as well as identifiers related to their personality (e.g introverted and solitary therefore probably single)