Offender Profiling Flashcards

1
Q

Definition of psychological profile

A

The scientific analysis of trace psychological evidence in order to assist with the detection, suppression and knowledge of criminal behaviour

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2
Q

The specific uses of psychological profiling

A
  • Detection of offenders - Distribution of police resources (patrols etc) - Public Education & Safety
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3
Q

Important parts of profiling

A
  • use of models and theories related to both abnormal and ‘normal’ psychology (e.g psychological disorders, trait-theory, decision-making),use of personal insight and knowledge of the law
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4
Q

When are the two profiling models employed?

A
  • Serial offenders (3 or more separate yet related events)
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5
Q

What makes an offender a serial offender?

A
  • 3 or more separate yet related crimes (don’t have to be arrested)
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6
Q

Clinical Model (FBI) US

A

Goal is to create a psychological profile of the offender, get inside the head of offenders

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7
Q

Experimental/Statistical Model (UK)

A
  • Goal is to create a statistically-based profile of factors related to the location of the offender and his/her crimes
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8
Q

FBI profiling process (4 stages)

A

1) Data Assimilation Stage 2)Examination of crime scenes 3) Crime scene reconstruction 4) creation of offender profile

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9
Q

Stage 1 FBI profiling process

A

Gathering and assimilating all available data that might be related to the case (e.g police reports, crime scene photos, pathologist reports)

  • Attempt to identify the offenders MO (modus operandi) and/or signature
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10
Q

Modus Operandi (MO)

A

Refers to the particular way by which a person performs a particular task (e.g studies for examination)

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11
Q

Signature

A

Any specific and identifiable action or characteristic of the offender that reflects their nature

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12
Q

Stage 2 (FBI profiling)

A

Examination of the crime scenes in order to ascertain whether the scene is representative of an organised or disorganised offender

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13
Q

Stage 3 FBI profiling

A

Crime Scene Reconstruction - use of information gathered in stages 1 & 2 to reconstruct the crime scene in a way that allows for deciding whether the offender is organised or disorganised

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14
Q

Organised Offenders

A

-Average to above average intelligence -Socially & sexually competent -High birth order (first or second born) -Skilled worker - Controlled mood during crime -Precipitating situational stress -Follows crimes in news -May leave town after crime

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15
Q

Disorganised offender

A
  • Below average intelligence
  • Socially inadequate and sexually incompetent
  • Low to middle birth order
  • unskilled worker
  • anxious mood during crime
  • Minimal situational stress
  • Does not follow crime in news
  • Lives/works near crime scene
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16
Q

Ted Bundy, organised or disorganised?

A

organised

17
Q

Ted Bundy

A

Assaulted/murdered at least 30 women (rape and necrophilia

- crimes occured in at least 7 different states during a 4-year period

18
Q

Jeffrey Bahner

A
  • Disorganised

- all in miwaukee

19
Q

Stage 4 (FBI profiling)

A

Creation of an offender profile that includes physical elements as well as identifiers related to their personality (e.g introverted and solitary therefore probably single)