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Flashcards in Offender Profiling Deck (19)
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Definition of psychological profile

The *scientific analysis* of *trace psychological evidence* in order to assist with the *detection, suppression and knowledge* of *criminal behaviour*


The specific uses of psychological profiling

- Detection of offenders - Distribution of police resources (patrols etc) - Public Education & Safety


Important parts of profiling

- use of models and theories related to both abnormal and 'normal' psychology (e.g psychological disorders, trait-theory, decision-making),use of personal insight and knowledge of the law


When are the two profiling models employed?

- Serial offenders (3 or more separate yet related events)


What makes an offender a serial offender?

- 3 or more separate yet related crimes (don't have to be arrested)


Clinical Model (FBI) US

Goal is to create a psychological profile of the offender, get inside the head of offenders


Experimental/Statistical Model (UK)

- Goal is to create a statistically-based profile of factors related to the location of the offender and his/her crimes


FBI profiling process (4 stages)

1) Data Assimilation Stage 2)Examination of crime scenes 3) Crime scene reconstruction 4) creation of offender profile


Stage 1 FBI profiling process

Gathering and assimilating all available data that might be related to the case (e.g police reports, crime scene photos, pathologist reports)

- Attempt to identify the offenders MO (modus operandi) and/or signature


Modus Operandi (MO)

Refers to the *particular way* by which a person performs a *particular task* (e.g studies for examination)



Any specific and identifiable action or characteristic of the offender that *reflects their nature*


Stage 2 (FBI profiling)

Examination of the crime scenes in order to ascertain whether the scene is *representative* of an organised or disorganised offender


Stage 3 FBI profiling

Crime Scene Reconstruction - use of information gathered in stages 1 & 2 to reconstruct the crime scene in a way that allows for deciding whether the offender is organised or disorganised


Organised Offenders

-Average to above average intelligence -Socially & sexually competent -High birth order (first or second born) -Skilled worker - Controlled mood during crime -Precipitating situational stress -Follows crimes in news -May leave town after crime


Disorganised offender

- Below average intelligence
-Socially inadequate and sexually incompetent
-Low to middle birth order
-unskilled worker
-anxious mood during crime
-Minimal situational stress
-Does not follow crime in news
-Lives/works near crime scene


Ted Bundy, organised or disorganised?



Ted Bundy

Assaulted/murdered at least 30 women (rape and necrophilia
- crimes occured in at least 7 different states during a 4-year period


Jeffrey Bahner

- Disorganised
-all in miwaukee


Stage 4 (FBI profiling)

Creation of an offender profile that includes physical elements as well as identifiers related to their personality (e.g introverted and solitary therefore probably single)