Costochondral, Sternocostal, Interchondral, and Sternal Joints Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy I - Exam 3 > Costochondral, Sternocostal, Interchondral, and Sternal Joints > Flashcards

Flashcards in Costochondral, Sternocostal, Interchondral, and Sternal Joints Deck (33):
1

What are the joints of the anterior thorax?

- costochondral
- sternocostal or sternochondral
- interchondral
- sternal

2

What are the joint surfaces of the costochondral joint?

costal cartilage with the sternal end of each rib

3

What are the ligs of the costochondral joint?

no ligs are identified

4

What is the joint classification of the costochondral joint?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis

5

What is the sternocostal or sternochondral joint?

the joint between the costal cartilage and the costal notches of the sternum

6

What ribs will participate in the sternocostal or sternochondral joint?

ribs 1-7

7

What is the classification of the first sternocostal joint?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis

8

What are the joint surfaces of the first sternocostal joint?

the costal cartilage of the first rib and costal notch I of the manubrium sterni

9

What ligs are present at the first sternocostal joint?

no ligs are present

10

What is the classification of the second-seventh sternocostal joint?

synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)

11

What are the joint surfaces of the second sternocostal joint?

the costal cartilage of the second rib with the costal notch II of the manubrium sterni, costal notch II of the corpus sterni, and the manubrium symphysis

12

What ligs are present at the second sternocostal joint?

- capsular lig
- anterior sternochondral radiate lig
- posterior sternochondral radiate lig
- intra-articular lig

13

Which of the sternocostal ligs is unique to the second sternocostal joint?

intra-articular lig

14

What are the attachment sites of the sternocostal intra-articular lig?

from the sternal end of the costal cartilage of the second rib to the symphysis between the manubrium sterni and corpus sterni

15

What are the joint surfaces of the third sternocostal joint?

the costal cartilage of the third rib with the costal notch III of the corpus sterni

16

What are the joint surfaces of the third-seventh sternocostal joint?

the costal cartilage of the third-seventh rib with costal notch III-VII of the corpus sterni

17

What ligs are present at the third-seventh sternocostal joint?

- capsular lig
- anterior sternochondral radiate lig
- posterior sternochondral radiate lig

18

What are the attachment sites of the anterior sternochondral radiate lig?

they cover the sternocostal capsular lig anteriorly and blend together over the sternum

19

What are the attachment sites of the posterior sternochondral radiate lig?

they cover the sternocostal capsular lig posteriorly and blend together over the sternum

20

What joint classification is associated with the accessory ligs of the 2nd-7th sternochondral joints?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

21

What joint classification is associated with the intra-articular lig of the 2nd sternocostal joint?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

22

What joint classification is associated with the radiate ligs of the 2nd-7th sternochondral joints?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

23

What are the joint surfaces of the 5th-10th interchondral joints?

the costal cartilages of the 5th-10th ribs

24

The capsular lig is present at which interchondral joints?

the 6th-9th interchondral joints

25

What is the classification of the 6th-9th interchondral joints?

synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)

26

What is the classification of the 5th-6th or 9th-10th interchondral joint?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

27

What accessory ligs are present at the interchondral joints?

- anterior interchondral lig
- posterior interchondral lig

28

What joint classification is formed by the anterior and posterior interchondral ligs?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

29

Which costal cartilages fail to form a joint at their sternal end?

the 11th and 12th costal cartilages

30

In the developing sternum, what joint classification is present between the manubrium, corpus, and xiphoid process?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

31

What forms the manubriosternal joint?

a fibrocartilage layer attaches the manubrium sterni to the corpus sterni

32

Which sternal joint will ossify by age 40?

the joint between the corpus sterni and the xiphoid process

33

Ossification of the corpus sterni to the xiphoid process will result in what condition?

synostosis

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