CPR: Phase 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CPR: Phase 2 Deck (15):
1

What is phase 2 of CPR also known as?

Advanced Life Support (ALS)

2

How can you diagnose cause of ineffective CV function?

using an electrocardiogram (ECG)

3

What can be used to try to re-establish CV function? (2)

1. emergency drugs
2. defibrillation

4

What emergency drugs can be given? (4)

1. Atropine
2. Epinephrine
3. 2% Lidocaine
4. Sodium Bicarbonate

5

What is Atropine used for?

increases heart rate

6

What is Epinephrine used for?

increases BP

7

What is 2% Lidocaine used for?

pain management

8

What is Sodium Bicarbonate used for?

acidosis prevention

9

What drugs can be given into an ET tube? (3)

1. Atropine
2. Epinephrine
3. 2% Lidocaine

10

What routes can emergency drugs be given? (3)

1. intravenous
2. intratracheal
3. intraosseous

11

What can be done if an ECG shows an Asystole pattern? (2)

1. use epinephrine
2. use Vasopressin if not using epinephrine

12

What animal will you see Asystol patterns most often?

dogs

13

What should you expect when giving drugs IV?

Expect a 1-2 minute delay in onset of drug effect

14

What should you do after drugs are given IV? (2)

1. Flush peripheral catheter used to give drugs with 10-30mL of saline
2. elevate limb

15

What needs to be done when giving drugs by intratracheal administration? (3)

1. Double dose and mix with 5-10 mL of saline
2. Flush through ET tube using red rubber catheter
3. Give a few breaths afterwards to distribute drug in lung tissue