Common Dianostic Tests Flashcards Preview

Emergency and Critical Care > Common Dianostic Tests > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common Dianostic Tests Deck (13):

What are Hematocrit (PCV) and Total Plasma Proteins (TP) used for? (2)

1. dehydration
2. anemia


What do Blood Chemistry and Electrolyte Panels tell you?

Provide vital information to guide immediate therapy


What are these abnormals for?
1. vomiting/diarrhea
2. diabetes mellitus
3. urinary tract disease
4. Eclampsia

Blood Chemistry and Electrolyte Panels


What can help you identify
1. anemia
2. thrombocytopenia
3. infectious or inflammatory conditions



What can tell you about the animal's health based on...
1. information about renal perfusion/function
2. hydration status during fluid administration

urine volume and urine specific gravity


Fluid volumes in the body, or those coming out of the body, can be estimated using a weight scale. (2)

1. 1 mL of fluid = 1g of weight
2. 1 L of fluid = 1 kg of weight


What test can tell you...
1. Reveals acid-base and oxygenation abnormalities in animals
2. pH
3. PCO2
4. HCO3
5. PO2

Blood Gases


What is helpful in identifying and determining severity of respiratory problems (pneumonia, CHF) and metabolic abnormalities (urinary tract obstruction, diabetic ketoacidosis)?

Blood Gases Analysis


When is Lactic Acid produced?

during anaerobic metabolism


What increases Lactic Acid concentrations?

inadequate blood flow and oxygen delivery to tissues


What conditions can cause Lactic Acid concentrations to increase? (3)

1. shock
2. GDV
3. crushing traumatic injuries


What can these things cause?
1. rodenticide toxicity
2. thrombocytopenia
3. sepsis

abnormalities in coagulation


What kind of tests are these?
1. Prothrombin Time (PT)
2. Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT)
3. Activated Clotting Time (ACT)
4. Buccal Mucosal Bleeding Time (BMBT)
5. Platelet count

coagulation tests