Shock: Treatment Flashcards Preview

Emergency and Critical Care > Shock: Treatment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Shock: Treatment Deck (12):
1

How is shock treated? (4)

1. by treating the underlying cause
2. provide supplemental oxygen
3. IV fluid administration
4. sympathomimetic drugs

2

These are 3 different types of what? (3)
1. Isotonic crystalloid solutions
2. hypertonic saline
3. colloids

IV fluids given during shock

3

These are examples of what type of solution?
1. Lactated Ringer's
2. Plasma-Lyte
3. Normosol-R

Isotonic Crystalloid Solutions

4

How are Isotonic Crystalloid Solutions administered?

at a rapid rate

5

What is the Hypertonic Saline that can be given?

7.5% NaCl

6

How is Hypertonic Saline given?

in small doses

7

Why are colloids used?

to maintain blood volume expansion caused by isotonic crystalloid fluid administration

8

These are examples of what type of solution?
1. hetastarch
2. Dextran70
3. plasma
4. whole blood or packed RBC

colloids

9

What are the sympathomimetic drugs that can be given? (2)

1. Dopamine
2. Dobutamine

10

What are sympathomimetic drugs used for?

patients unresponsive to vigorous fluid therapy

11

What drugs do this in the body? (3)
1. Increase cardiac contractility and blood pressure
2. increases vasoconstriction
3. increases heart rate

sympathomimetic drugs

12

How are CRI's given with emergency fluids?

Separate bag of fluids at a slower rate