Hematologic Emergecies: Intro and Primary Hemostasis Abnormalities Flashcards Preview

Emergency and Critical Care > Hematologic Emergecies: Intro and Primary Hemostasis Abnormalities > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hematologic Emergecies: Intro and Primary Hemostasis Abnormalities Deck (19):
1

What do most hematologic emergencies in small animals involve?

bleeding and/or anemia

2

What can happen if hematologic emergencies are not recognized and are left untreated?

conditions could be life-threatening

3

What is Epistaxis?

nose bleeding

4

What is Melena?

digested blood

5

What are the 3 Primary Hemostasis Abnormalities?

1. Thrombocytopenia
2. Thrombopathia
3. von Willebrand's Factor Deficiencies

6

What do these things cause?
1. decreased platelet production
2. increased platelet consumption
3. increased platelet destruction

Thrombocytopenia

7

What could cause decreased platelet production?

could be from a tick borne disease/illness

8

What can cause increased platelet consumption?

DIC (Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation)

9

What causes increased platelet destruction?

immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (IMT)

10

What is Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia (IMT)?

body attacks its own platelets

11

What do these things cause?
1. vaccines
2. drugs
3. cancer

Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia

12

What is Thrombopathia?

abnormal platelet function

13

Thrombopathia can be _____ or _____.

1. acquired
2. inherited

14

What drugs can cause Thrombocytopenia and how? (2)

1. NSAIDs
2. can increase or affect the bleeding tendencies

15

What is more common, Thrombocytopenia or Thrombopathia?

thrombocytopenia

16

What does von Willebrand's Factor do?

helps form the platelet plug, "sticky stuff"

17

von Willebrand's Factor deficiency is the most common hereditary bleeding defect in what breeds of dog? (4)

1. Golden Retriever
2. German Shepherd
3. Doberman
4. Rottweiler

18

What is often seen after surgery or trauma with von Willebrand's Factor deficiency? (2)

1. mucosal bleeding
2. hemorrhage

19

What can be administered in high concentration preoperatively if the animal has vWF deficiencies?

cryoprecipitate vWF