Flashcards in Creating a Culture of Well-being Deck (27)
What is organizational culture?
collective understanding of beliefs and values that guide how employees act ('personality' of organization)
What is the impact of organizational culture?
compass/guide for employee actions
dictates the focus of the organization
affects overall success of organization
What is employee engagement?
commitment and dedication employee has towards organization (employees fully 'on board')
what are some H&S concerns for employers?
industrial disease (specific)
What are types of stress disabilities?
physical injury -> mental disability
mental stress -> physical disability
mental stress -> mental condition
What responsibilities does the employer have to maintain good H&S? (8)
provide hazard free workplace
comply with laws/regulations
inform employees about H&S requirements
compile annual summary of injuries/illnesses
ensure supervisors familiar with work and hazards
report accidents to WCB
provide safety training
What responsibilities does the worker have to maintain good H&S (4)
comply with laws and regulations
report hazardous conditions and defective equipment
follow H&S rules
refuse unsafe work
What responsibilities does the supervisor have to maintain good H&S (4)
advise employees of potential hazards
ensure workers use safety equipment
provide written instructions
take every reasonable precaution to guarantee worker safety
What responsibilities does the Joint H&S committees have to maintain good H&S
advise employer on H&S matters
make environment that values H&S (nonadversarial)
train others in safety obligations
What is in charge of H&S in quebec?
CSST (commission de la sante et de la securite du travail du quebec)
What are the rights of the employer according to CSST?
to receive training and obtain info on occupational H&S
to seed out support/advice regarding prevention process
What are employers obligations according to CSST? (7)
- ensure safety of equipment, tools, work methods, make sure properly used
- inform about job related risks
- give training to ensure they perform tasks safely
- supervise work, ensure adherence to standards
- offer medical attention (first aid) on site
- develop prevention program
What can worker's compensation comprise of? (4)
cash payouts (perm disability)
wage loss payment (if absent/ill, cannot work and earn)
medical aid on site
What is the goal of workers compensation?
return employee to his/her original job
What are ways to reduce worker compensation costs for a company?
1. perform audit to assess high risk areas
2. prevent injuries: proper ergonomic design and assess job candidates
3. quality medical care
4. effective communication between employer and injured worker
5. manage care of injured worker until they return
6. extensive worker training for H&S
What are the purposes of a safety program? (3)
1. promote safety awareness
2. enforce safety rules
3. investigate accidents + keep records
What is the most important role of a safety program? What are the key aspects?
promoting safety awareness
managers are good role models, employees willingly obey safety rules (actively involved)
How should safety rules be enforced?
communicate specific expectations and standards to workers
specify penalties and apply consistently
Records can have accidents expressed as ____ rates, calculated as: _____
# injuries/illness x200 000/total hrs worked
What are examples of H&S issues? (physical health) (5)
indoor air quality
cumulative trauma disorders (musculoskeletal)
_____ is the source of info for hazardous materials
WHMIS (workplace hazardous materials info sheet)
H&S issues can be related to ____ health, __________, or ____ health
What can be done to improve workplace security and reduce workplace violence? (8)
- establish violence policy and standards
- risk assessment
- control hazards through workplace design/practices
- inspect regularly
- include domestic violence issues in program
- educate employees
- develop safety plan, and personal safety plan (if reported)
- act on reports immediately
What is workplace stress?
demand caused by physical, mental, or emotional factors that requires coping
Examples of workplace stress causes: (8)
role overload (overworked)
role ambiguity (unclear expectations)
role conflict (incompatible)
poor work/life balance
lack resources, autonomy, communication, recognition
changes in org.
What 2 things can employers do to create a culture of wellbeing?
provide better health benefits
acknowledge relationship between physical/emotional health and performance