Critical Reading As Reasoning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Critical Reading As Reasoning Deck (18):
1

Is an act of giving statements for justification and explanation. It is the ability of someone to defend something by giving out reasons.

REASONING

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• it is a way of giving better explanations to show the strength and weakness of something through writing.
• it presents a value judgement based on a set of criteria
•it is used in giving a sound judgement- a judgement that can be backs up or supported by valid reasons or proofs
• it is the wrter' s way of explaining why a strength is a strength and a weakness a weakness based on the evidence gathered.

Evaluative staement

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How to formulate an evaluative statement?

Evaluative statements about a text are formulated after having read the text carefully and critically.
Grasping the essence of the text and checking for possible fallacies in the argument

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Is done in the same way you do any other writing except that the statement is about your judgement of the texts content and property

Formulation of the evaluative statement

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2 steps in composing your evaluative statement

1) formulating assertions about the content and the properties of a text read
2) formulating a meaningful counterclaim in response to a claim made in the text

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Formulating assertions about the content and the properties read in a text

Examine which ideas are facts or opinions
Make inferences or conclusions
Asses the over all quality of the text.
This assertion usually contain evaluative languages such as useful , significant, important, insightful, detailed, up- to - date, comprehensive, practical, etc.

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When someone makes a statement investing his strong belief in it, as if it is true though it may not be , he isaking assertion.

Assertion

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When someone makes an opposing counterclaim statement or argument to a claim, he is making a counterclaim

Counterclaim

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Formulating a meaningful counterclaim as a response to a claim in the text reas

You must recognize the hedge when you state your counterclaim

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Is a word or phrase that minimizes negative impact of criticism.

Hedges

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You are providing criticism since you are stating that the claim is not true.

When you are presenting your counterclaim.

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Used to give a courteous tone in your writing.

Hadges

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Comes in diff. Forms such as :

Modals
Frequency adverbs
Probability adverbs

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May, could, would, etc.

Modals

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Usually, commonly, generally

Frequency adverb

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Probably
Possibly
Pressumably

Probability adverbs.

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Examples: obesity is caused by the bad food choice being offered by the food industry

Obesity is PROBABLY caused by the bad food choices being offered by the food industry

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