Crosslinguistic differences (Ünal and Papafragou, 2016) Flashcards Preview

Cognition in infants and children > Crosslinguistic differences (Ünal and Papafragou, 2016) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Crosslinguistic differences (Ünal and Papafragou, 2016) Deck (4)
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1

Those who speak different languages...
This is shown in children as young as...

Attend to different aspects of the world in line with how their language encodes aspects of the environment
3/4yo

2

What did Papafragou et al. (2008) find in English and Greek speakers?

English and Greek native speakers showed language-specific patterns of attention and differently allocated attention to aspects of motion events in line with how English and Greek encodes motion info

3

How does language affect non-linguistic cognition? (2)

Through selectivity (language acts as a lens to selectively direct attention and highlight certain aspects of the environment)
Through augmentation of representational resources (language acts as a toolkit to enhance/enrich mental representations of the environment and encode, store, and manipulate representations more efficiently)

4

What is deep-seated specialisation of the mind (Levinson, 2003)?
What does this explain?

Conceptual reorganisation that means those who speak different languages may become less sensitive to conceptual distinctions not captured by their language
Explains how language affects non-linguistic cognition through selectivity