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Cognition in infants and children > Metacognition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Metacognition Deck (9)
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1

What is implicit metacognition?

Unconscious/procedural metacognitive knowledge

2

Implicit metacognition is present in children as young as...

2yo

3

2yo can use self-monitoring. What does this mean?

Self-monitoring is a type of implicit metacognition. 2yo spontaneously correct themselves and others on pronunciation, grammar and naming objects

4

What is explicit metacognition?

Conscious/factual metacognitive knowledge about tasks, people and strategies

5

Explicit metacognition is mostly acquired between...

5yo and 10yo

6

Children at what ages know that gist info is easier to recall than verbatim info?

Virtually all 5th grade children (10-11yo) know that gist info is easier to recall than verbatim info while only half of 1st grade children (6-7yo) know this (Kreutzer et al., 1975)

7

There is only a weak link between metacognition and memory. Why?
Relate this to why teaching metacognition is beneficial.

Metacognitive knowledge is useful when all conditions in long series of conditions are met - in real everyday life, this is unlikely to occur
Teaching metacognition is beneficial as all conditions would be met in planned training programs

8

Why can metacognition be taught, when basic processes cannot?

Metacognition is instructible, unlike basic processes

9

Why is teaching metacognition more advantageous than teaching strategies?

Because metacognition can be used across various situations, unlike specific strategies that can only be used in certain situations