Cultural Codes: Useful Flashcards Preview

AS Communication and Culture > Cultural Codes: Useful > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cultural Codes: Useful Deck (40):
1

Adapters

Almost unconscious gestures used to relieve stress or boredom

2

Affective function

How attitudes influence our feelings

3

Assertive training

Helps clients express feelings in a socially acceptable manner

4

Bardic function

How a story is told

5

Body language

Communication of information through body position and gestures.

6

Code switching`

Changing between languages or dialects depending on who we are talking to.

7

Communicative competence

The ability to use language appropriately in a variety of contexts or situations.

8

Convergence

Adjusting language style to mirror the person we are talking to if we want to convery warmth, friendliness and empathy

9

Divergence

Moving language style away from the other person's language style can signal status or the desire to avoid intimacy

10

Emblems

Gestures that stand for a specific verbal meaning

11

Gaze

Looking, eye-contact; a code of nvc

12

Group dynamic

How the individuals in a group relate to one another and the group

13

Hair/Hairstyle

A significant code of NVC (It's on your head)

14

Haptics

Communication through touch

15

Illustrators

Gestures that augment a verbal message

16

Intergroup communication

Communication between groups

17

Interpersonal communication

Communication between two people

18

Intragroup communication

Communication within a group

19

Looking glass theory

The idea we base views of ourself on how we think others are perceiving us and judging us.

20

Mirror self

The tendency for us to see ourselves through a reflection of how others see us

21

Occulesics

Eye movement, length and direction of gaze, changes in pupil size.

22

Olfactics

Smell, odour

23

Orientation

The way we position ourselves physically in relation to others

24

Phatic communication

Ritualised small talk e.g. "Have a nice day"

25

Pitch

How high or low a sound is

26

Performmance

Communicative behaviour

27

Received Pronunciation

The accent associated with upper-class speakers of English. Also known as Queen's English.

28

Reflexitivity

To be reflective on who you are.

29

Self-reflexitivity

When a media text makes reference to itself

30

Skin

A code of NVC

31

Smell

A code of NVC (nose)

32

Sociolect

Speech habits from social groups

33

Staging

All the NVCs except dialogue which a person uses to communicate to audience

34

Style shifting

Automatic language adjustment from one speech style to another (goodbye or see ya)

35

Teams

Those we communicate alongside

36

Touch

A code of NVC

37

Tone

The attitude somebody has towards something, which indicates what someone is feeling or thinking

38

Timbre

The overall quality of a sound

39

Transactional analysis (Berne)

There are 3 ego states: Parent, Adult, and Child. These are ego states that everyone can transfer to.

40

Uses and gratifications theory (Blumler and Katz)

The theory that our personal needs are fulfill through media messages including diversion, personal relationships, personal identity and surveillance.