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Sociology 101 > Culture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Culture Deck (19):
1

Culture

The beliefs , norms, behaviors and products common to the members of a particular group
Ethnic or racial group?
It is any group that you belong to. Frat, emo, etc

2

Subculture

Cultures that exist together with a dominant culture but differ in some important aspects from the dominant culture.

3

Four things that all cultures consist of

Symbols
Language
Values
Norms

4

Material culture

The physical objects that are created, embraced, or consumed by society that help shape people’s lives.

5

Nonmaterial culture

Culture and Language- Language is a symbol
Define: The abstract creations of human culture, including language and social practice.

6

Language and cultures go extinct:

A symbol, it is a system of symbols verbal, non verbal, and written representations rooted within a particular culture.

7

Beliefs

A particular idea that people accept as true

8

Norms

Accepted social behaviours and beliefs that govern behaviour

9

Values

The general standards in society that define ideal principles, like those governing notion of right and wrong.

10

Folkways

fairly weak norms that are passed down from the past, the violation of which is generally not considered serious within a particular culture.

11

Mores

strongly held norm, the violation of which seriously offends the standards of acceptable conduct of most people within a particular vulture.

12

Taboos

Powerful more, the violation of which is considered serious and even unthinkable within a particular culture.

13

Laws

confined norms or rules of behaviour

14

Ideal Culture

the values, norms, and behaviors that people in a given society profess to embrace.
Expectations vs reality.

15

Real Culture

the values, norms, and behaviors that people in a given society actually embrace and exhibit.

16

Cultural Inconsistency

a contradiction between the goals of ideal culture and the practices of real culture.

17

#1) Functionalist

Agent of socialization
Agent of Social Solidarity
Maintain positive sense of self in relation to our culture.

18

#2) Conflict

Oppress the undesirables
Not all values, norms, and laws apply to everyone

19

#3) Symbolic Interactionist

Helps define interaction
How we manage ourselves
Influence of what we observe---media effects