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Sociology 101 > Research Methods > Flashcards

Flashcards in Research Methods Deck (16):
1

scientific method-

Def: Learning about the world through logically constructed theory and systemic examinations to explain how things work.

2

Quantitative: (counting)

Data is collected and quantified into numbers for analysis

3

Qualitative:

(learning, understanding) Data is gathered that focuses on the experimental nature of a phenomenon to provide in depth knowledge about a given topic.

4

Falsification:

The ability of a theory to be tested and proved to be false.

5

Replication:

The repetition of a previous study using a different sample or population to verify or refute the original finding.

6

Objectivity:

The ability to represent the object of the study accurately without bias.

7

Theory:

a logical explanation of how or why a social phenomenon exists. Does not use numbers only uses words

8

Hypothesis:

A statement about the world derived from theories that can be falsified when tested. Uses numbers than just words

9

Variables:

a concept or factor that express that can take on multiple values. Things that are observed and measured. Independent variable is not affected by anything. Variable that is affected by the independent variable.

10

Concepts:

ideas that describe a number of things that have a something in common.

11

Correlational Relationship

The degree to which two or more variables are associated with one another

12

Causal Relationship

one variable has a direct effect to cause a change in another variable

13

Spurious Relationship

a correlation/casual relationship that is caused by something else that is not being measured.

14

Positivism

is how sociology approaches gathering knowledge

15

Interpretive research

research from an experience near perspective in that the researcher does not start with concepts determined a priori but rather seeks to allow these to emerge from encounters in the field

16

Critical research

capacity to inquire against the grain to question the conceptual and theoretical base of knowledge design research that go beyond prevailing assumption and understandings.