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Sociology 101 > Socialization > Flashcards

Flashcards in Socialization Deck (17):
1

Erving Goffman

worked to define how we think about ourselves as humans. Got us to think importance of roles.

2

Presentation to the self:

people play different roles to manage the impressions of others.

3

Socialization:

the process by which people learn the culture of their society

4

Function:

functionalist point out that socialization in the primary way of reproducing the norms, values, and the beliefs that govern our social life and social interactions.

5

Levels of the Self

Personal, Relational, Social

6

Behaviorism:

the major perspective in psychology 1920-50. Worldview that assumes a learner is essentially passive, responding to the environmental stimuli according to rewards and punishments. People are born as a blank slate.
Pavlov’s dog: classical conditioning. Whenever something is heard or scene, then the dog reacts. Etc.

7

Classical conditioning:

a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired; a response that is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone.

8

Social learning:

dominated 50-60’s and is closely related to behaviorism. People learn through observing others’ behaviour, attitudes, and outcomes. Rewards and punishments of those behaviors. People don't have to participate, they can observe and learn.

9

Symbolic Interactionism:

Perspective and socialization of the self

10

The looking glass self:

the concept that our self image developed from how we interpret other people's view of us.

11

The looking glass self:

the concept that our self image developed from how we interpret other people's view of us.

12

Role Taking:

the ability to take the roles of others in interactions to help guide behavior

13

Primary Groups:

smaller groups characterized by intense emotional ties, face to face interaction, intimacy, and a strong, enduring sense of commitment.

14

Secondary Groups:

larger groups that are less personal and characterized by fleeting relationships.

15

Reference Groups:

groups that provide standards for judging our attitudes or behaviors.

16

Developmental stage theories

Piaget’s theory of cognitive development
Kohlberg’s theory of moral development

17

Agents of Socialization

Family, School, Peers, Religion, Work, Media