Day 1 Flashcards Preview

Word Smart I > Day 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 1 Deck (200):
1

Define:

abash

(uh BASH)

v. to make ashamed; to embarrass

Meredith felt abashed by her inability to remember her lines in the school chorus of “Old McDonald Had a Farm.”

2

Define:

abate

(uh BAYT)

v. to subside; to reduce

George spilled a pot of hot coffee on his leg. It hurt quite a bit. Then, gradually, the agony abated.

3

Define:

abdicate

(AB duh kayt)

v. to step down from a position of power or responsibility

When King Edward VIII of England decided he would rather be married to Wallis Warfield Simpson, an American divorcée, than be king of England, he turned in his crown and abdicated.

4

Define:

aberration

(ab uh RAY shun)

n. something not typical; a deviation from the standard

Soren’s bad behavior was an aberration. So was Harry’s good behavior. That is, Soren’s was usually good and Harry’s was usually bad.

5

Define:

abhor

(ab HOR)

v. to hate very, very much; to detest

Emanuel abhorred having anvils dropped on his head.

6

Define:

abject

(AB jekt)

adj. hopeless; extremely sad and servile; defeated

While most people would quickly recover from a banana-peel accident, Mia felt abject humiliation.

7

Define:

abnegate

(AB nuh gayt)

v. to deny oneself things; to reject; to renounce

Ascetics practice self-abnegation because they believe it will bring them closer to spiritual purity.

8

Define:

abortive

(uh BOR tiv)

adj. unsuccessful

Marie and Elizabeth made an abortive effort to bake a birthday cake; that is, their effort did not result in a birthday cake.

9

Define:

abridge

(uh BRIJ)

v. to shorten; to condense

The thoughtful editor abridged the massive book by removing the boring parts.

10

Define:

absolute

(AB suh loot)

adj. total; unlimited

11

Define:

absolve

(ab ZOLV)

v. to forgive or free from blame; to free from sin; to free from an obligation

The priest absolved the sinner who had come to church to con­ fess.

12

Define:

abstinent

(AB stuh nunt)

adj. abstaining; voluntarily not doing something, especially something pleasant that is bad for you or has a bad reputation

Beulah used to be a chain-smoker; now she’s abstinent (it was just too hard to get those chains lit).

13

Define:

abstract

(AB strakt)

adj. theoretical; impersonal

He liked oysters in the abstract, but when he actually tried one he became nauseated.

14

Define:

abstruse

(ab STROOS)

adj. hard to understand

The professor’s article, on the meaning of meaning, was abstruse. Michael couldn’t even pronounce the words in it.

15

Define:

abysmal

(uh BIZ mul)

adj. extremely hopeless or wretched; bottomless

The nation’s debt crisis was abysmal; there seemed to be no possible solution.

16

Define:

accolade

(AK uh layd)

n. an award; an honor

The first break-dancing troupe to perform in Carnegie Hall, the Teflon Toughs, received accolades from the critics as well as from the fans.

17

Define:

accost

(uh KAWST)

v. to approach and speak to someone aggressively

Amanda karate-chopped the stranger who accosted her in the street and was embarrassed to find he was an old, blind man.

18

Define:

acerbic

(uh SUR bik)

adj. sour; severe; like acid in temper, mood, or tone

Barry sat silently as our teacher read aloud her acerbic comments on his paper.

19

Define:

acquiesce

(ak wee ES)

v. to comply passively; to accept; to assent; to agree

The pirates asked Pete to walk the plank; he took one look at their swords and then acquiesced.

20

Define:

acrid

(AK rid)

adj. harshly pungent; bitter

The chili we had at the party had an acrid taste; it was harsh and unpleasant.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make ashamed; to embarrass

abash

(uh BASH)

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to subside; to reduce

abate

(uh BAYT)

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to step down from a position of power or responsibility

abdicate

(AB duh kayt)

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. something not typical; a deviation from the standard

aberration

(ab uh RAY shun)

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to hate very, very much; to detest

abhor

(ab HOR)

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hopeless; extremely sad and servile; defeated

abject

(AB jekt)

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to deny oneself things; to reject; to re­nounce

abnegate

(AB nuh gayt)

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unsuccessful

abortive

(uh BOR tiv)

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to shorten; to condense

abridge

(uh BRIJ)

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. total; unlimited

absolute

(AB suh loot)

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to forgive or free from blame; to free from sin; to free from an obligation

absolve

(ab ZOLV)

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. abstaining; voluntarily not doing something, especially something pleasant that is bad for you or has a bad reputation

abstinent

(AB stuh nunt)

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. theoretical; impersonal

abstract

(AB strakt)

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hard to understand

abstruse

(ab STROOS)

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. extremely hopeless or wretched; bottom­less

abysmal

(uh BIZ mul)

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an award; an honor

accolade

(AK uh layd)

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to approach and speak to someone aggres­sively

accost

(uh KAWST)

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sour; severe; like acid in temper, mood, or tone

acerbic

(uh SUR bik)

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to comply passively; to accept; to assent; to agree

acquiesce

(ak wee ES)

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harshly pungent; bitter

acrid

(AK rid)

41

Define:

banal

(buh NAL)

adj. unoriginal; ordinary

The dinner conversation was so banal that Amanda fell asleep in her dessert dish.

42

Define:

bane

(bayn)

n. poison; torment; cause of harm

Bane means poison (wolfbane is a kind of poisonous plant), but the word is usually used figuratively. To say that someone is the bane of your existence is to say that that person poisons your enjoyment of life.

43

Define:

bastion

(BAS chun)

n. stronghold; fortress; fortified place

Mrs. Garnett’s classroom is a bastion of banality; that is, it’s a place where originality seldom, if ever, makes its way inside.

44

Define:

beget

(bih GET)

v. to give birth to; to create; to lead to; to cause

Those who lie should be creative and have good memories, since one lie often begets another lie, which begets another.

45

Define:

belabor

(bi LAY bur)

v. to go over repeatedly or to an absurd extent

For more than an hour, the boring speaker belabored his point about the challenge of foreign competition.

46

Define:

beleaguer

(bih LEE gur)

v. to surround; to besiege; to harass

No one could leave the beleaguered city; the attacking army had closed off all the exits.

47

Define:

belie

(bih LYE)

v. to give a false impression of; to contradict

Melvin’s smile belied the grief he was feeling; despite his happy expression he was terribly sad inside.

48

Define:

belittle

(bih LIT ul)

v. to make to seem little; to put someone down

We worked hard to put out the fire, but the fire chief belittled our efforts by saying he wished he had brought some marshmallows.

49

Define:

belligerent

(buh LIJ ur unt)

adj. combative; quarrelsome; waging war

Al was so belligerent that the convention had the feel of a boxing match.

50

Define:

bemused

(bih MYOOZD)

adj. confused; bewildered

The two stood bemused in the middle of the parking lot at Disneyland, trying to remember where they had parked their car.

51

Define:

benefactor

(BEN uh fak tur)

n. one who provides help, especially in the form of a gift or donation

To give benefits is to be a benefactor. To receive benefits is to be a beneficiary. People very, very often confuse these two words. It would be to their benefit to keep them straight.

52

Define:

benevolent

(beh NEV uh lunt)

adj. generous; kind; doing good deeds

Giving money to the poor is a benevolent act. To be benevolent is to bestow benefits. The United Way, like any charity, is a benevolent organization.

53

Define:

benign

(bih NYNE)

adj. gentle; not harmful; kind; mild

Karla has a benign personality; she is not at all unpleasant to be with.

54

Define:

bequest

(bih KWEST)

n. something left to someone in a will

If your next-door neighbor leaves you all his millions in a will, the money is a bequest from him to you. It is not polite to request a bequest. Just keep smiling and hope for the best.

55

Define:

bereaved

(buh REEVD)

adj. deprived or left desolate, especially through death

The new widow was still bereaved when we saw her. Every time anyone mentioned her dead husband’s name, she burst into tears.

56

Define:

beset

(bih SET)

v. to harass; to surround

The bereaved widow was beset by grief.

57

Define:

blasphemy

(BLAS fuh mee)

n. irreverence; an insult to something held sacred; profanity

In the strictest sense, to commit blasphemy is to say nasty, insulting things about God. The word is used more broadly, though, to cover a wide range of nasty, insulting comments.

58

Define:

blatant

(BLAYT unt)

adj. unpleasantly or offensively noisy; glaring

David was blatantly critical of our efforts; that is, he was noisy and obnoxious in making his criticisms.

59

Define:

blight

(blyte)

n. a disease in plants; anything that injures or destroys

An early frost proved a blight to the citrus crops last year, so we had no orange juice for breakfast.

60

Define:

blithe

(blythe)

adj. carefree; cheerful

The blithe birds in the garden were making so much noise that Camilla began to think about the shotgun in the attic.

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unoriginal; ordinary

banal

(buh NAL)

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. poison; torment; cause of harm

bane

(bayn)

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. stronghold; fortress; fortified place

bastion

(BAS chun)

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give birth to; to create; to lead to; to cause

beget

(bih GET)

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to go over repeatedly or to an absurd extent

belabor

(bi LAY bur)

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to surround; to besiege; to harass

beleaguer

(bih LEE gur)

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to give a false impression of; to contradict

belie

(bih LYE)

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make to seem little; to put someone down

belittle

(bih LIT ul)

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. combative; quarrelsome; waging war

belligerent

(buh LIJ ur unt)

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. confused; bewildered

bemused

(bih MYOOZD)

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one who provides help, especially in the form of a gift or donation

benefactor

(BEN uh fak tur)

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. generous; kind; doing good deeds

benevolent

(beh NEV uh lunt)

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. gentle; not harmful; kind; mild

benign

(bih NYNE)

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. something left to someone in a will

bequest

(bih KWEST)

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. deprived or left desolate, especially through death

bereaved

(buh REEVD)

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to harass; to surround

beset

(bih SET)

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. irreverence; an insult to something held sacred; profanity

blasphemy

(BLAS fuh mee)

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unpleasantly or offensively noisy; glaring

blatant

(BLAYT unt)

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a disease in plants; anything that injures or destroys

blight

(blyte)

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. carefree; cheerful

blithe

(blythe)

81

Define:

cacophony

(kuh KAHF uh nee)

n. harsh-sounding mixture of words, voices, or sounds

The parade’s two marching bands played simultaneously; the resulting cacophony drove many spectators to tears.

82

Define:

cadence

(KAYD uns)

n. rhythm; the rise and fall of sounds

We wished the tone of Irwin’s words would have a more pleasing cadence, but he spoke in a dull monotone.

83

Define:

cajole

(kuh JOHL)

v. to persuade someone to do something he or she doesn’t want to do

I didn’t want to give the speech, but Enrique cajoled me into doing it by telling me what a good speaker I am. As it turned out, he simply hadn’t been able to find anyone else.

84

Define:

callow

(KAL oh)

adj. immature

The patient was alarmed by the callowness of the medical staff. The doctors looked too young to have graduated from high school, much less from medical school.

85

Define:

candor

(KAN dur)

n. truthfulness; sincere honesty

My best friend exhibited candor when he told me that for many years now he has believed me to be a jerk.

86

Define:

capitalism

(KAP uh tuh liz um)

n. an economic system in which busi­ nesses are owned by private citizens (not by the government) and in which the resulting products and services are sold with relatively little government control

87

Define:

capitulate

(kuh PICH uh layt)

v. to surrender; to give up or give in

On the twentieth day of the strike, the workers capitulated and went back to work without a new contract.

88

Define:

capricious

(kuh PRISH us)

adj. unpredictable; likely to change at any moment

Arjun was capricious. One minute he said his favorite car was a Volkswagen Jetta; the next minute he said it was a Passat.

89

Define:

caricature

(KAR uh kuh chur)

n. a portrait or description that is purposely distorted or exaggerated, often to prove some point about its subject

Khoa sat for a caricature at the end of the marathon, but wasn’t pleased with the result: The portrait exaggerated his already dominant acne.

90

Define:

castigate

(KAS tuh gayt)

v. to criticize severely; to chastise

Jose’s mother-in-law castigated him for forgetting to pick her up at the airport.

91

Define:

catalyst

(KAT uh list)

n. in chemistry, something that changes the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being changed; anyone or anything that makes something happen without being directly involved in it

When the mad scientist dropped a few grains of the catalyst into his test tube, the bubbling liquid began to boil furiously.

92

Define:

categorical

(kat uh GOR uh kul)

adj. unconditional; absolute

Crooked politicians often make categorical denials of various charges against them. Then they go to jail.

93

Define:

catharsis

(kuh THAR sis)

n. purification that brings emotional relief or renewal

To someone with psychological problems, talking to a psychiatrist can lead to a catharsis. A catharsis is a sometimes traumatic event after which one feels better.

94

Define:

catholic

(KATH lik)

adj. universal; embracing everything

Da Vinci was a catholic genius who excelled at everything he did.

95

Define:

caustic

(KAW stik)

adj. like acid; corrosive

The caustic detergent ate right through Henry’s laundry.

96

Define:

celibacy

(SEL uh buh see)

n. abstinence from sex

People who practice celibacy don’t practice sex. Celibacy is one of the requirements for Catholic priesthood.

97

Define:

censure

(SEN shur)

v. to condemn severely for doing something bad

The Senate sometimes censures senators for breaking laws or engaging in behavior unbecoming to an elected official.

98

Define:

cerebral

(suh REE brul)

adj. brainy; intellectually refined

Sebastian was too cerebral to be a baseball announcer; he kept talking about the existentialism of the outfield.

99

Define:

chagrin

(shuh GRIN)

n. humiliation; embarrassed disappointment

Much to my chagrin, I began to giggle during the eulogy at the funeral.

100

Define:

charisma

(kuh RIZ muh)

n. a magical-seeming ability to attract followers or inspire loyalty

The glamorous presidential candidate had a lot of charisma; voters didn’t seem to support him so much as be entranced by him.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. harsh-sounding mixture of words, voices, or sounds

cacophony

(kuh KAHF uh nee)

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. rhythm; the rise and fall of sounds

cadence

(KAYD uns)

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to persuade someone to do something he or she doesn’t want to do

cajole

(kuh JOHL)

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. immature

callow

(KAL oh)

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. truthfulness; sincere honesty

candor

(KAN dur)

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an economic system in which busi­ nesses are owned by private citizens (not by the government) and in which the resulting products and services are sold with relatively little government control

capitalism

(KAP uh tuh liz um)

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to surrender; to give up or give in

capitulate

(kuh PICH uh layt)

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unpredictable; likely to change at any moment

capricious

(kuh PRISH us)

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a portrait or description that is purposely distorted or exaggerated, often to prove some point about its subject

caricature

(KAR uh kuh chur)

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to criticize severely; to chastise

castigate

(KAS tuh gayt)

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. in chemistry, something that changes the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being changed; anyone or anything that makes something happen without being directly involved in it

catalyst

(KAT uh list)

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unconditional; absolute

categorical

(kat uh GOR uh kul)

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. purification that brings emotional relief or renewal

catharsis

(kuh THAR sis)

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. universal; embracing everything

catholic

(KATH lik)

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. like acid; corrosive

caustic

(KAW stik)

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. abstinence from sex

celibacy

(SEL uh buh see)

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to condemn severely for doing something bad

censure

(SEN shur)

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. brainy; intellectually refined

cerebral

(suh REE brul)

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. humiliation; embarrassed disappointment

chagrin

(shuh GRIN)

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a magical-seeming ability to attract followers or inspire loyalty

charisma

(kuh RIZ muh)

121

Define:

daunt

(dawnt)

v. to make fearful; to intimidate

The steepness of the mountain daunted the team of amateur climbers, who hadn’t realized what they were in for.

122

Define:

dearth

(durth)

n. lack; scarcity

There is no dearth of comedy at a convention of clowns.

123

Define:

debacle

(di BAHK ul)

n. violent breakdown; sudden overthrow; overwhelming defeat

A political debate would become a debacle if the candidates began screaming and throwing dinner rolls at each other.

124

Define:

debauchery

(di BAW chuh ree)

n. wild living; excessive intemperance

Debauchery can be expensive; fortunately for Jeff, his wallet matched his appetite for extravagant pleasures. He died a poor, albeit happy, man.

125

Define:

debilitate

(di BIL uh tayt)

v. to weaken; to cripple

The football player’s career was ended by a debilitating injury to his knee.

126

Define:

decadent

(DEK uh dunt)

adj. decaying or decayed, especially in terms of morals

Carousing in local bars instead of going to class is decadent.

127

Define:

decimate

(DES uh mayt)

v. to kill or destroy a large part of

When locusts attack a crop, they sometimes decimate it, leaving very little that’s fit for human consumption.

128

Define:

decorous

(DEK ur us)

adj. proper; in good taste; orderly

The New Year’s Eve crowd was relatively decorous until mid­night, when they went wild.

129

Define:

deduce

(di DOOS)

v. to conclude from the evidence; to infer

From the footprints on the ground, Clarice deduced that the criminal had feet.

130

Define:

defame

(di FAYM)

v. to libel or slander; to ruin the good name of

The local businessman accused the newspaper of defaming him by publishing an article that said his company was poorly managed.

131

Define:

deference

(DEF ur uns)

n. submission to another’s will; respect; courtesy

Dean showed deference to his grandfather: He let the old man have first dibs on the birthday cake.

132

Define:

definitive

(di FIN uh tiv)

adj. conclusive; providing the last word

Walter wrote the definitive biography of Keats; nothing more could have been added by another book.

133

Define:

degenerate

(di JEN uh rayt)

v. to break down; to deteriorate

The discussion quickly degenerated into an argument.

134

Define:

deleterious

(del uh TIR ee us)

adj. harmful

Smoking cigarettes is deleterious to your health.

135

Define:

delineate

(di LIN ee ayt)

v. to describe accurately; to draw in outline

After Jack had delineated his plan, we had no doubt about what he intended to do.

136

Define:

delude

(dye LOOD)

v. to deceive

The con man deluded us into thinking that he would make us rich. Instead, he tricked us into giving him several hundred dollars.

137

Define:

deluge

(DEL yooj)

n. a flood; an inundation

The $1 million reward for the lost poodle brought in a deluge of hot leads. The distraught owner was deluged by phone calls all week.

138

Define:

demagogue

(DEM uh gawg)

n. a leader of the people, but more a rabble rouser

A demagogue is a leader, but not in a good sense of the word. He manipulates the public to support his aims, but he is little different from a dictator. A demagogue is often a despot.

139

Define:

denizen

(DEN i zun)

n. inhabitant

To be a denizen of a country is to live there. A citizen of a country is usually also a denizen. To be a denizen of a restaurant is to go there often—so often that people begin to wonder whether you live there.

140

Define:

depravity

(di PRAV uh tee)

n. extreme wickedness or corruption

Mrs. Prudinkle wondered whether the depravity of her class of eight-year-olds was the result of their watching Saturday morning television.

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make fearful; to intimidate

daunt

(dawnt)

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. lack; scarcity

dearth

(durth)

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. violent breakdown; sudden overthrow; over­whelming defeat

debacle

(di BAHK ul)

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. wild living; excessive intemperance

debauchery

(di BAW chuh ree)

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to weaken; to cripple

debilitate

(di BIL uh tayt)

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. decaying or decayed, especially in terms of morals

decadent

(DEK uh dunt)

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to kill or destroy a large part of

decimate

(DES uh mayt)

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. proper; in good taste; orderly

decorous

(DEK ur us)

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to conclude from the evidence; to infer

deduce

(di DOOS)

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to libel or slander; to ruin the good name of

defame

(di FAYM)

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. submission to another’s will; respect; cour­tesy

deference

(DEF ur uns)

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. conclusive; providing the last word

definitive

(di FIN uh tiv)

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to break down; to deteriorate

degenerate

(di JEN uh rayt)

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harmful

deleterious

(del uh TIR ee us)

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to describe accurately; to draw in outline

delineate

(di LIN ee ayt)

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to deceive

delude

(dye LOOD)

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a flood; an inundation

deluge

(DEL yooj)

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a leader of the people, but more a rabble rouser

demagogue

(DEM uh gawg)

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. inhabitant

denizen

(DEN i zun)

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. extreme wickedness or corruption

depravity

(di PRAV uh tee)

161

Define:

ebullient

(ih BUL yunt)

adj. boiling; bubbling with excitement; exuberant

Cammie was ebullient when her fairy godmother said she could use one of her three wishes to wish for three more wishes.

162

Define:

eccentric

(ek SEN trik)

adj. not conventional; a little kooky; irregular

The eccentric inventor spent all his waking hours fiddling with what he said was a time machine but was actually just an old telephone booth.

163

Define:

eclectic

(ih KLEK tik)

adj. choosing the best from many sources; drawn from many sources

Adolfo’s taste in art was eclectic. He liked the Old Masters, the Impressionists, and Walt Disney.

164

Define:

edify

(ED uh fye)

v. to enlighten; to instruct, especially in moral or religious matters

We found the pastor’s sermon on the importance of not eating beans to be most edifying.

165

Define:

efface

(ih FAYS)

v. to erase; to rub away the features of

The inscription on the tombstone had been effaced by centuries of weather.

166

Define:

effusion

(ih FYOO zhun)

n. a pouring forth

When the child was rescued from the well, there was an intense effusion of emotion from the crowd that had gathered around the hole.

167

Define:

egalitarian

(ih gal uh TAYR ee un)

adj. believing in the social and economic equality of all people

People often lose interest in egalitarian measures when such measures interfere with their own interests.

168

Define:

egocentric

(ee goh SEN trik)

adj. selfish; believing that one is the center of everything

Nevitt was so egocentric that he could never give anyone else credit for doing anything.

169

Define:

egregious

(ih GREE jus)

adj. extremely bad; flagrant

The mother’s egregious neglect was responsible for her child’s accidental cross-country ride on the freight train.

170

Define:

elicit

(ih LIS it)

v. to bring out; to call forth

The interviewer skillfully elicited our true feelings by asking us questions that got to the heart of the matter.

171

Define:

elliptical

(ih LIP ti kul)

adj. oval; missing a word or words; obscure

The orbit of the earth is not perfectly round; it is elliptical.

172

Define:

elusive

(ih LOO siv)

adj. hard to pin down; evasive

The elusive criminal was next to impossible for the police to catch. (The criminal eluded the police.)

173

Define:

emigrate

(EM uh grayt)

v. to leave a country permanently; to expatriate

Pierre emigrated from France because he had grown tired of speaking French. Pierre became an émigré (EM uh gray).

174

Define:

eminent

(EM uh nunt)

adj. well-known and respected; standing out from all others in quality or accomplishment; outstanding

The visiting poet was so eminent that our English teacher fell to the ground before him and licked his shoes. Our English teacher thought the poet was preeminent in his field.

175

Define:

empirical

(em PIR uh kul)

adj. relying on experience or observation; not merely theoretical

The apple-dropping experiment gave the scientists empirical evidence that gravity exists.

176

Define:

emulate

(EM yuh layt)

v. to strive to equal or excel, usually through imitation

To emulate someone is to try to be just as good as, or better than, him or her.

177

Define:

encroach

(en KROHCH)

v. to make gradual or stealthy inroads into; to trespass

As the city grew, it encroached on the countryside surrounding it.

178

Define:

endemic

(en DEM ik)

adj. native; restricted to a particular region or era; indigenous

You won’t find that kind of tree in California; it’s endemic to our part of the country.

179

Define:

enervate

(EN ur vayt)

v. to reduce the strength or energy of, especially to do so gradually

Sander felt enervated by his long ordeal and couldn’t make himself get out of bed.

180

Define:

enfranchise

(en FRAN chyze)

v. to grant the privileges of citizenship, especially the right to vote In the United States, citizens become enfranchised on their eighteenth birthdays.

American women were not enfranchised until the adoption of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, which gave them the right to vote.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. boiling; bubbling with excitement; exu­berant

ebullient

(ih BUL yunt)

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not conventional; a little kooky; irregular

eccentric

(ek SEN trik)

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. choosing the best from many sources; drawn from many sources

eclectic

(ih KLEK tik)

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to enlighten; to instruct, especially in moral or reli­ gious matters

edify

(ED uh fye)

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to erase; to rub away the features of

efface

(ih FAYS)

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a pouring forth

effusion

(ih FYOO zhun)

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. believing in the social and eco­nomic equality of all people

egalitarian

(ih gal uh TAYR ee un)

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. selfish; believing that one is the center of everything

egocentric

(ee goh SEN trik)

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. extremely bad; flagrant

egregious

(ih GREE jus)

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to bring out; to call forth

elicit

(ih LIS it)

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. oval; missing a word or words; obscure

elliptical

(ih LIP ti kul)

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hard to pin down; evasive

elusive

(ih LOO siv)

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to leave a country permanently; to expatri­ate

emigrate

(EM uh grayt)

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. well-known and respected; standing out from all others in quality or accomplishment; outstanding

eminent

(EM uh nunt)

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. relying on experience or observation; not merely theoretical

empirical

(em PIR uh kul)

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to strive to equal or excel, usually through imitation

emulate

(EM yuh layt)

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make gradual or stealthy inroads into; to trespass

encroach

(en KROHCH)

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. native; restricted to a particular region or era; indigenous

endemic

(en DEM ik)

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to reduce the strength or energy of, especially to do so gradually

enervate

(EN ur vayt)

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to grant the privileges of citizenship, especially the right to vote

enfranchise

(en FRAN chyze)