Day 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Day 7 Deck (200):
1

Define:

amoral

(ay MOR ul)

adj. lacking a sense of right and wrong; neither good nor bad, neither moral nor immoral; without moral feelings

Very young children are amoral; when they cry, they aren’t being bad or good—they’re merely doing what they have to do.

2

Define:

amorous

(AM ur us)

adj. feeling loving, especially in a sexual sense; in love; relating to love

The amorous couple made quite a scene at the movie. The movie they were watching, Love Story, was pretty amorous itself. It was about an amorous couple, one of whom died.

3

Define:

amorphous

(uh MOR fus)

adj. shapeless; without a regular or stable shape; bloblike

Ed’s teacher said that his term paper was amorphous; it was as shapeless and disorganized as a cloud.

4

Define:

anachronism

(uh NAK ruh niz um)

n. something out of place in time or history; an incongruity

In this day of impersonal hospitals, a family doctor who will visit you at home seems like an anachronism.

5

Define:

analogy

(uh NAL uh jee)

n. a comparison of one thing to another; similarity

To say having an allergy feels like being bitten by an alligator would be to make or draw an analogy between an allergy and an alligator bite.

6

Define:

anarchy

(AN ur kee)

n. absence of government or control; lawlessness; disorder

The country fell into a state of anarchy after the rebels kidnapped the president and locked the legislature inside the Capitol.

7

Define:

anecdote

(AN ik doht)

n. a short account of a humorous or revealing incident

The old lady kept the motorcycle gang thoroughly amused with anecdote after anecdote about her cute little dog.

8

Define:

anguish

(ANG gwish)

n. agonizing physical or mental pain

Theresa had been a nurse in the emergency room for twenty years, but she had never gotten used to the anguish of accident victims.

9

Define:

animosity

(an uh MAHS uh tee)

n. resentment; hostility; ill will

The rivals for the state championship felt great animosity toward each other. Whenever they ran into each other, they snarled.

10

Define:

anomaly

(uh NAHM uh lee)

n. an aberration; an irregularity; a deviation

A snowy winter day is not an anomaly, but a snowy July day is.

11

Define:

antecedent

(an tuh SEED unt)

n. someone or something that went before; something that provides a model for something that came after it

Your parents and grandparents could be said to be your antecedents; they came before you.

12

Define:

antipathy

(an TIP uh thee)

n. firm dislike; a dislike

I feel antipathy toward bananas wrapped in ham. I do not want them for dinner. I also feel a certain amount of antipathy toward the cook who keeps trying to force me to eat them. My feelings on these matters are quite antipathetic (an tip uh THET ik).

13

Define:

antithesis

(an TITH uh sis)

n. the direct opposite

Erin is the antithesis of Aaron: Erin is bright and beautiful; Aaron is dull and plain.

14

Define:

apartheid

(uh PAHRT hyte)

n. the former policy of racial segregation and oppression in the Republic of South Africa

The word apartheid is sometimes applied to less radical forms of racial injustice and to other kinds of separation. Critics have some­ times accused American public schools of practicing educational apartheid by providing substandard schooling for nonwhites.

15

Define:

apathy

(AP uh thee)

n. lack of interest; lack of feeling

The members of the student council accused the senior class of apathy because none of the seniors had bothered to sign up for the big annual bake sale.

16

Define:

aphorism

(AF uh riz um)

n. a brief, often witty saying; a proverb

Benjamin Franklin was fond of aphorisms. He was frequently aphoristic.

17

Define:

apocalypse

(uh PAHK uh lips)

n. a prophetic revelation, especially one concerning the end of the world In strict usage, apocalypse refers to specific

Christian writings, but most people use it more generally in connection with predictions of things like nuclear war, the destruction of the ozone layer, and the spread of fast-food restaurants to every corner of the universe. To make such predictions, or to be deeply pessimistic, is to be apocalyptic (uh pahk uh LIP tik).

18

Define:

apocryphal

(uh POK ruh ful)

n. of dubious authenticity; fictitious; spurious

Brandi’s blog discredited the apocryphal report of Martians in Congress.

19

Define:

apotheosis

(uh pahth ee OH sis)

n. elevation to divine status; the perfect example of something

Some people think that the Corvette is the apotheosis of American car making. They think it’s the ideal.

20

Define:

appease

(uh PEEZ)

v. to soothe; to pacify by giving in to

Jaleel appeased his angry mother by promising to make his bed every morning without fail until the end of time.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lacking a sense of right and wrong; neither good nor bad, neither moral nor immoral; without moral feelings

amoral

(ay MOR ul)

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. feeling loving, especially in a sexual sense; in love; relating to love

amorous

(AM ur us)

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. shapeless; without a regular or stable shape; bloblike

amorphous

(uh MOR fus)

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. something out of place in time or history; an incongruity

anachronism

(uh NAK ruh niz um)

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a comparison of one thing to another; similarity

analogy

(uh NAL uh jee)

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. absence of government or control; lawlessness; disorder

anarchy

(AN ur kee)

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a short account of a humorous or revealing incident

anecdote

(AN ik doht)

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. agonizing physical or mental pain

anguish

(ANG gwish)

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. resentment; hostility; ill will

animosity

(an uh MAHS uh tee)

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an aberration; an irregularity; a de­viation

anomaly

(uh NAHM uh lee)

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. someone or something that went be­fore; something that provides a model for something that came after it

antecedent

(an tuh SEED unt)

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. firm dislike; a dislike

antipathy

(an TIP uh thee)

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the direct opposite

antithesis

(an TITH uh sis)

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the former policy of racial segregation and oppression in the Republic of South Africa

apartheid

(uh PAHRT hyte)

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. lack of interest; lack of feeling

apathy

(AP uh thee)

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a brief, often witty saying; a proverb

aphorism

(AF uh riz um)

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a prophetic revelation, especially one concerning the end of the world

apocalypse

(uh PAHK uh lips)

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. of dubious authenticity; fictitious; spurious

apocryphal

(uh POK ruh ful)

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. elevation to divine status; the perfect example of something

apotheosis

(uh pahth ee OH sis)

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to soothe; to pacify by giving in to

appease

(uh PEEZ)

41

Define:

comprise

(kum PRYZE)

v. to consist of

A football team comprises eleven players on offense and eleven players on defense.

42

Define:

conciliatory

(kun SIL ee uh tor ee)

adj. making peace; attempting to resolve a dispute through goodwill

The formerly warring countries were conciliatory at the treaty conference.

43

Define:

concise

(kun SYSE)

adj. brief and to the point; succinct

The scientist’s explanation was concise; it was brief and it helped us understand the difficult concept.

44

Define:

concord

(KAHN kord)

n. harmony; agreement

The war between the neighboring tribes ended thirty years of concord.

45

Define:

concurrent

(kun KUR unt)

adj. happening at the same time; parallel

The criminal was sentenced to two concurrent fifteen-year sentences; the sentences will run at the same time, and he will be out of jail in fifteen years.

46

Define:

condescend

(KAHN duh send)

v. to stoop to someone else’s level, usually in an offensive way; to patronize

I was surprised that the president of the company had condescended to talk with me, a mere temporary employee.

47

Define:

condone

(kun DOHN)

v. to overlook; to permit to happen

The principal condoned the hoods’ smoking in the bathroom; he simply ignored it.

48

Define:

conducive

(kun DOO siv)

adj. promoting

The chairs in the library are conducive to sleep. If you sit in them to study, you will fall asleep.

49

Define:

confluence

(KAHN floo uns)

n. a flowing together, especially of rivers; the place where they begin to flow together

The confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi rivers is at St. Louis; that’s the place where they join together.

50

Define:

congenial

(kun JEEN yul)

adj. agreeably suitable; pleasant

The little cabin in the woods was congenial to the writer; he was able to get a lot of writing done there.

51

Define:

congenital

(kun JEN uh tul)

adj. describing a trait or condition acquired between conception and birth; innate

A congenital birth defect is one that is present at birth but was not caused by one’s genes. The word is also used more loosely to describe any (usually bad) trait or behavior that is so firmly fixed it seems to be a part of a person’s nature. A congenital liar is a natural liar, a person who can’t help but lie.

52

Define:

congregate

(KAHN grih gayt)

v. to come together

Protestors were granted permission to congregate peacefully on the plaza.

53

Define:

conjecture

(kun JEK chur)

v. to guess; to deduce or infer on slight evidence

If forced to conjecture, I would say the volcano will erupt in twenty-four hours.

54

Define:

conjure

(KAHN jur)

v. to summon or bring into being as if by magic

The chef conjured (or conjured up) a fabulous gourmet meal using nothing more than the meager ingredients in Lucy’s kitchen.

55

Define:

connoisseur

(kahn uh SUR)

n. an expert, particularly in matters of art or taste

The artist’s work was popular, but connoisseurs rejected it as amateurish.

56

Define:

consecrate

(KAHN suh krayt)

v. to make or declare sacred

The Veterans Day speaker said that the battlefield had been consecrated by the blood of the soldiers who had died there.

57

Define:

consensus

(kun SEN sus)

n. unanimity or general agreement

Contrary to how the word is often used, consensus implies more than just a rough agreement or a majority opinion. Election results don’t reflect a consensus unless everyone or nearly everyone votes for the same candidate.

58

Define:

consonant

(KAHN suh nunt)

adj. harmonious; in agreement

Our desires were consonant with theirs; we all wanted the same thing.

59

Define:

construe

(kun STROO)

v. to interpret

Preston construed his contract as giving him the right to do anything he wanted.

60

Define:

consummate

(kun SUM it)

adj. perfect; complete; supremely skillful

A consummate pianist is an extremely good one. Nothing is lacking in the way he or she plays.

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to consist of

comprise

(kum PRYZE)

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. making peace; attempting to resolve a dispute through goodwill

conciliatory

(kun SIL ee uh tor ee) 

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. brief and to the point; succinct

concise

(kun SYSE)

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. harmony; agreement

concord

(KAHN kord)

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. happening at the same time; parallel

concurrent

(kun KUR unt)

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to stoop to someone else’s level, usu­ally in an offensive way; to patronize

condescend

(KAHN duh send)

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to overlook; to permit to happen

condone

(kun DOHN)

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. promoting

conducive

(kun DOO siv)

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a flowing together, especially of rivers; the place where they begin to flow together

confluence

(KAHN floo uns)

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. agreeably suitable; pleasant

congenial

(kun JEEN yul)

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. describing a trait or condition acquired between conception and birth; innate

congenital

(kun JEN uh tul)

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to come together

congregate

(KAHN grih gayt)

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to guess; to deduce or infer on slight evidence

conjecture

(kun JEK chur)

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to summon or bring into being as if by magic

conjure

(KAHN jur)

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an expert, particularly in matters of art or taste

connoisseur

(kahn uh SUR)

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make or declare sacred

consecrate

(KAHN suh krayt)

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. unanimity or general agreement

consensus

(kun SEN sus)

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harmonious; in agreement

consonant

(KAHN suh nunt)

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to interpret

construe

(kun STROO)

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. perfect; complete; supremely skillful

consummate

(kun SUM it)

81

Define:

disinterested

(dis IN truh stid)

adj. not taking sides; unbiased

A referee should be disinterested. He or she should not be root­ ing for one of the competing teams.

82

Define:

disparage

(dih SPAR ij)

v. to belittle; to say uncomplimentary things about, usually in a somewhat indirect way

The mayor disparaged our efforts to beautify the town square by saying that the flower bed we had planted looked somewhat worse than the bed of weeds it had replaced.

83

Define:

disparate

(DIS pur it)

adj. different; incompatible; unequal

Our interests were disparate: Cathy liked to play with dolls and I liked to throw her dolls out the window.

84

Define:

disseminate

(dih SEM uh nayt)

v. to spread the seeds of something; to scatter; to make widely known

News is disseminated through many media: radio, television, news- papers, magazines, and gossips.

85

Define:

dissipate

(DIS uh payt)

v. to thin out, drift away, or dissolve; to cause to thin out, drift away, or dissolve; to waste or squander

The smoke dissipated as soon as we opened the windows.

86

Define:

dissolution

(dis uh LOO shun)

n. the breaking up or dissolving of some­thing into parts; disintegration

Nothing could prevent the dissolution of the Jesse Ventura Fan Club after he retired to seek a political career.

87

Define:

distend

(di STEND)

v. to swell; to extend a great deal

The tire distended alarmingly as the forgetful gas station attendant kept pumping more and more air into it.

88

Define:

distinguish

(di STING gwish)

v. to tell apart; to cause to stand out

The rodent expert’s eyesight was so acute that he was able to distinguish between a shrew and a vole at more than a thousand paces.

89

Define:

docile

(DAHS ul)

adj. easily taught; obedient; easy to handle

The docile students quietly memorized all the lessons their teacher told them.

90

Define:

doctrinaire

(dahk truh NAYR)

adj. inflexibly committed to a doctrine or theory without regard to its practicality; dogmatic

A doctrinaire supporter of manned space flights to Pluto would be someone who supported such space flights even though it might be shown that such lengthy journeys could never be undertaken. A doctrinaire opponent of fluoridation of water would be some­ one whose opposition could not be shaken by proof that fluoride is good for teeth and not bad for anything else.

91

Define:

dogmatic

(dawg MAT ik)

adj. arrogantly assertive of unproven ideas; stubbornly claiming that something (often a system of beliefs) is beyond dispute

Marty is dogmatic on the subject of the creation of the world; he sneers at anyone whose views are not identical to his.

92

Define:

domestic

(duh MES tik)

adj. having to do with the household or family; not foreign

A home that enjoys domestic tranquillity is a happy home.

93

Define:

dormant

(DOR munt)

adj. inactive; as though asleep; asleep

Mt. Vesuvius erupted violently and then fell dormant for several hundred years.

94

Define:

dubious

(DOO bee us)

adj. full of doubt; uncertain

I was fairly certain that I would be able to fly if I could merely flap my arms hard enough, but Mary was dubious; she said I’d better flap my legs as well.

95

Define:

duplicity

(doo PLIS uh tee)

n. the act of being two-faced; double-deal­ ing; deception

Dave, in his duplicity, told us he wasn’t going to rob the bank and then went right out and robbed it.

96

Define:

exhaustive

(ig ZAWS tiv)

adj. thorough; rigorous; complete; painstaking

Before you use a parachute, you should examine it exhaustively for defects. Once you jump, your decision is irrevocable.

97

Define:

exhort

(ig ZORT)

v. to urge strongly; to give a serious warning to

The coach used his bullhorn to exhort us to try harder.

98

Define:

exigency

(EK si jen see)

n. an emergency; an urgency

An academic exigency: You haven’t opened a book all term and the final is tomorrow morning.

99

Define:

existential

(eg zis TEN shul)

adj. having to do with existence; having to do with the body of thought called existentialism, which basically holds that human beings are responsible for their own actions but is otherwise too complicated to summarize in a single sentence

This word is overused but under-understood by virtually all of the people who use it. Unless you have a very good reason for throwing it around, you should probably avoid it.

100

Define:

exonerate

(ig ZAHN uh rayt)

v. to free completely from blame; to exculpate

The defendant, who had always claimed he wasn’t guilty, expected to be exonerated by the testimony of his best friend.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. not taking sides; unbiased

disinterested

(dis IN truh stid)

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to belittle; to say uncomplimentary things about, usually in a somewhat indirect way

disparage

(dih SPAR ij)

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. different; incompatible; unequal

disparate

(DIS pur it)

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to spread the seeds of something; to scatter; to make widely known

disseminate

(dih SEM uh nayt)

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to thin out, drift away, or dissolve; to cause to thin out, drift away, or dissolve; to waste or squander

dissipate

(DIS uh payt)

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the breaking up or dissolving of some­thing into parts; disintegration

dissolution

(dis uh LOO shun)

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to swell; to extend a great deal

distend

(di STEND)

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to tell apart; to cause to stand out

distinguish

(di STING gwish)

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. easily taught; obedient; easy to handle

docile

(DAHS ul)

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. inflexibly committed to a doctrine or theory without regard to its practicality; dogmatic

doctrinaire

(dahk truh NAYR)

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. arrogantly assertive of unproven ideas; stubbornly claiming that something (often a system of beliefs) is beyond dispute

dogmatic

(dawg MAT ik)

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having to do with the household or family; not foreign

domestic

(duh MES tik)

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. inactive; as though asleep; asleep

dormant

(DOR munt)

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. full of doubt; uncertain

dubious

(DOO bee us)

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the act of being two-faced; double-deal­ ing; deception

duplicity

(doo PLIS uh tee)

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. thorough; rigorous; complete; pains­taking

exhaustive

(ig ZAWS tiv)

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to urge strongly; to give a serious warning to

exhort

(ig ZORT)

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an emergency; an urgency

exigency

(EK si jen see)

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having to do with existence; having to do with the body of thought called existentialism, which basically holds that human beings are responsible for their own actions but is otherwise too complicated to summarize in a single sentence

existential

(eg zis TEN shul)

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to free completely from blame; to ex­culpate

exonerate

(ig ZAHN uh rayt)

121

Define:

expatriate

(eks PAY tree ayt)

v. to throw (someone) out of his or her native land; to move away from one’s native land; to emigrate

The rebels were expatriated by the nervous general, who feared that they would cause trouble if they were allowed to remain in the country.

122

Define:

expedient

(ik SPEE dee unt)

adj. providing an immediate advantage; serving one’s immediate self-interest; practical

Since the basement had nearly filled with water, the plumber felt it would be expedient to clear out the drain.

123

Define:

expedite

(EK spi dyte)

v. to speed up or ease the progress of

The post office expedited mail delivery by hiring more letter carriers.

124

Define:

explicit

(ik SPLIS it)

adj. clearly and directly expressed

No one explicitly asked us to set the barn on fire, but we got the impression that that was what we were supposed to do.

125

Define:

extol

(ik STOHL)

v. to praise highly; to laud

The millionaire extolled the citizen who returned his gold watch and then rewarded him with a heartfelt handshake.

126

Define:

extraneous

(ik STRAY nee us)

adj. unnecessary; irrelevant; extra

Extra ice cream would never be extraneous, unless everyone had already eaten so much that no one wanted any more.

127

Define:

extrapolate

(ik STRAP uh layt)

v. to project or deduce from something known; to infer

George’s estimates were extrapolated from last year’s data; he simply took all the old numbers and doubled them.

128

Define:

extricate

(EK struh kayt)

v. to free from difficulty

It took two and a half days to extricate the little girl from the abandoned well into which she had fallen.

129

Define:

extrovert

(EKS truh vurt)

n. an open, outgoing person; a person whose attention is focused on others rather than on himself or herself

Maria was quite an extrovert; she walked boldly into the roomful of strange adults and struck up a friendly conversation.

130

Define:

exult

(ig ZULT)

v. to rejoice; to celebrate

The women’s team exulted in its victory over the men’s team at the badminton finals. They were exultant.

131

Define:

infinitesimal

(in fin uh TES uh mul)

adj. very, very, very small; infinitely small

An infinitesimal bug of some kind crawled into Heather’s ear and bit her in a place she couldn’t scratch.

132

Define:

ingenuous

(in JEN yoo us)

adj. frank; without deception; simple; artless; charmingly naive

A young child is ingenuous. He doesn’t know much about the ways of the world, and certainly not enough to deceive any­ one.

133

Define:

inherent

(in HAIR unt)

adj. part of the essential nature of something; intrinsic

There is an inherent strength in steel that cardboard lacks.

134

Define:

injunction

(in JUNGK shun)

n. a command or order, especially a court order

Wendy’s neighbors got a court injunction prohibiting her from playing her radio.

135

Define:

innate

(i NAYT)

adj. existing since birth; inborn; inherent

Joseph’s kindness was innate; it was part of his natural character.

136

Define:

innocuous

(i NAHK yoo us)

adj. harmless; banal

The speaker’s voice was loud but his words were innocuous; there was nothing to get excited about.

137

Define:

inordinate

(in OR duh nit)

adj. excessive; unreasonable

The math teacher paid an inordinate amount of attention to the grammar rather than algebra.

138

Define:

insatiable

(in SAY shuh bul)

adj. hard or impossible to satisfy; greedy; avaricious

Peter had an insatiable appetite for chocolate macadamia ice cream; he could never get enough. Not even a gallon of chocolate macadamia was enough to sate (sayt) or satiate (SAY shee ayt) his craving.

139

Define:

insidious

(in SID ee us)

adj. treacherous; sneaky

Winter was insidious; it crept in under the doors and through cracks in the windows.

140

Define:

insinuate

(in SIN yoo ayt)

v. to hint; to creep in

When I told her that I hadn’t done any laundry in a month, Valerie insinuated that I was a slob.

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to throw (someone) out of his or her native land; to move away from one’s native land; to emigrate

expatriate

(eks PAY tree ayt)

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. providing an immediate advantage; serving one’s immediate self-interest; practical

expedient

(ik SPEE dee unt)

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to speed up or ease the progress of

expedite

(EK spi dyte)

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. clearly and directly expressed

explicit

(ik SPLIS it)

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to praise highly; to laud

extol

(ik STOHL)

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unnecessary; irrelevant; extra

extraneous

(ik STRAY nee us)

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to project or deduce from something known; to infer

extrapolate

(ik STRAP uh layt)

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to free from difficulty

extricate

(EK struh kayt)

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an open, outgoing person; a person whose attention is focused on others rather than on himself or herself

extrovert

(EKS truh vurt)

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to rejoice; to celebrate

exult

(ig ZULT)

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. very, very, very small; infinitely small

infinitesimal

(in fin uh TES uh mul)

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. frank; without deception; simple; artless; charmingly naive

ingenuous

(in JEN yoo us)

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. part of the essential nature of something; intrinsic

inherent

(in HAIR unt)

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a command or order, especially a court order

injunction

(in JUNGK shun)

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. existing since birth; inborn; inherent

innate

(i NAYT)

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. harmless; banal

innocuous

(i NAHK yoo us)

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. excessive; unreasonable

inordinate

(in OR duh nit)

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. hard or impossible to satisfy; greedy; avaricious

insatiable

(in SAY shuh bul)

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. treacherous; sneaky

insidious

(in SID ee us)

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to hint; to creep in

insinuate

(in SIN yoo ayt)

161

Define:

insipid

(in SIP id)

adj. dull; bland; banal

Barney’s jokes were so insipid that no one in the room managed to force out so much as a chuckle.

162

Define:

insolent

(IN suh lunt)

adj. arrogant; insulting

The ill-mannered four-year-old was so insolent that even adults were tempted to raise their voices at him.

163

Define:

instigate

(IN stuh gayt)

v. to provoke; to stir up

The strike was instigated by the ambitious union president, who wanted to get his name into the newspapers.

164

Define:

insular

(IN suh lur)

adj. like an island; isolated

Lying flat on his back in bed for twenty-seven years, the 1,200­ pound man led an insular existence.

165

Define:

insurgent

(in SUR junt)

n. a rebel; someone who revolts against a government

The heavily armed insurgents rushed into the presidential pal­ ace, but they paused to taste the fresh blueberry pie on the dinner table and were captured by the president’s bodyguards.

166

Define:

integral

(IN tuh grul)

adj. essential

A solid offense was an integral part of our football team; so was a strong defense.

167

Define:

integrate

(IN tuh grayt)

v. to combine two or more things into a whole

This word is related to segregate, aggregate, and congregate, all of which describe joining or separating. It has the same root as integer, which means a whole number. Marisol’s school offered an integrated history and language curriculum so that students learned Roman history and Latin in the same classroom.

168

Define:

intractable

(in TRAK tuh bul)

adj. uncontrollable; stubborn; disobedient

The intractable child was a torment to his nursery school teacher.

169

Define:

intransigent

(in TRAN suh junt)

adj. uncompromising; stubborn

Vijay was an intransigent hard-liner, and he didn’t care how many people he offended with his views.

170

Define:

intrinsic

(in TRIN sik)

adj. part of the essential nature of something; inherent

Larry’s intrinsic boldness was always getting him into trouble.

171

Define:

introspective

(in truh SPEC tiv)

adj. tending to think about oneself; examining one’s feelings

The introspective six-year-old never had much to say to other people but always seemed to be turning something over in her mind.

172

Define:

inundate

(IN un dayt)

v. to flood; to cover completely with water; to overwhelm

The tiny island kingdom was inundated by the tidal wave. Fortunately, no one died from the deluge.

173

Define:

invective

(in VEK tiv)

n. insulting or abusive speech

The critic’s searing review was filled with bitterness and invective.

174

Define:

inveterate

(in VET ur it)

adj. habitual; firm in habit; deeply rooted

Eric was such an inveterate liar on the golf course that when he finally made a hole-in-one, he marked it on his score card as a zero.

175

Define:

irascible

(i RAS uh bul)

adj. easily angered or provoked; irritable

The CEO was so irascible, his employees were afraid to talk to him for fear he might hurl paperweights at them.

176

Define:

ironic

(eye RAHN ik)

adj. meaning the opposite of what you seem to say; using words to mean something other than what they seem to mean

Eddie was being ironic when he said he loved Peter like a brother; in truth, he hated him.

177

Define:

irrevocable

(i REV uh kuh bul)

adj. irreversible

My decision not to wear a Tarzan costume and ride on a float in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is irrevocable; there is absolutely nothing you could do or say to make me change my mind.

178

Define:

itinerant

(eye TIN ur unt)

adj. moving from place to place

The life of a traveling salesman is an itinerant one.

179

Define:

portent

(POR tent)

n. an omen; a sign of something coming in the future

The distant rumbling we heard this morning was a portent of the thunderstorm that hit our area this afternoon.

180

Define:

postulate

(PAHS chuh lut)

n. something accepted as true without proof; an axiom

We might be able to prove a postulate if we had the time, but not now. A theorem is something that is proven using postulates.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. dull; bland; banal

insipid

(in SIP id)

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. arrogant; insulting

insolent

(IN suh lunt)

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to provoke; to stir up

instigate

(IN stuh gayt)

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. like an island; isolated

insular

(IN suh lur)

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a rebel; someone who revolts against a government

insurgent

(in SUR junt)

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. essential

integral

(IN tuh grul)

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to combine two or more things into a whole

integrate

(IN tuh grayt)

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. uncontrollable; stubborn; disobe­dient

intractable

(in TRAK tuh bul)

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. uncompromising; stubborn

intransigent

(in TRAN suh junt)

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. part of the essential nature of something; inherent

intrinsic

(in TRIN sik)

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. tending to think about oneself; examining one’s feelings

introspective

(in truh SPEC tiv)

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to flood; to cover completely with water; to overwhelm

inundate

(IN un dayt)

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. insulting or abusive speech

invective

(in VEK tiv)

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. habitual; firm in habit; deeply rooted

inveterate

(in VET ur it)

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. easily angered or provoked; irritable

irascible

(i RAS uh bul)

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. meaning the opposite of what you seem to say; using words to mean something other than what they seem to mean

ironic

(eye RAHN ik)

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. irreversible

irrevocable

(i REV uh kuh bul)

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. moving from place to place

itinerant

(eye TIN ur unt)

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an omen; a sign of something coming in the future

portent

(POR tent)

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. something accepted as true without proof; an axiom

postulate

(PAHS chuh lut)