Day 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Day 2 Deck (200):
1

Define:

fabrication

(FAB ruh kay shun)

n. a lie; something made up

My story about being the prince of Wales was a fabrication. I’m really the king of Denmark.

2

Define:

facetious

(fuh SEE shus)

adj. humorous; not serious; clumsily humorous

David was sent to the principal’s office for making a facetious remark about the intelligence of the French teacher.

3

Define:

facile

(FAS il)

adj. fluent; skillful in a superficial way; easy

Paolo’s poems were facile rather than truly accomplished; if you read them closely, you soon realized they were filled with clichés.

4

Define:

faction

(FAK shun)

n. a group, usually a small part of a larger group, united around some cause; disagreement within an organization

At the Republican National Convention, the Bush faction spent much of its time shouting at the McCain faction.

5

Define:

farcical

(FARS i kul)

adj. absurd; ludicrous

The serious play quickly turned farcical when the leading man’s belt broke and his pants fell to his ankles.

6

Define:

fastidious

(fa STID ee us)

adj. meticulous; demanding; finicky

Mrs. O’Hara was a fastidious housekeeper; she cleaned up our crumbs almost before they hit the floor.

7

Define:

fatalist

(FAYT uh list)

n. someone who believes that future events are already determined and that humans are powerless to change them

The old man was a fatalist about his illness, believing there was no sense in worrying about something over which he had no control.

8

Define:

fatuous

(FACH oo us)

adj. foolish; silly; idiotic

Pauline is so pretty that her suitors are often driven to fatuous acts of devotion. They are infatuated with her.

9

Define:

fauna

(FAW nuh)

n. animals

We saw little evidence of fauna on our walk through the woods. We did, however, see plenty of flora, or plants.

10

Define:

fecund

(FEE kund)

adj. fertile; productive

The fecund mother rabbit gave birth to hundreds and hundreds of little rabbits.

11

Define:

felicity

(fuh LIS uh tee)

n. happiness; skillfulness, especially at expressing things; adeptness

Love was not all felicity for Judy and Steve; they argued all the time. In fact their relationship was characterized by infelicity.

12

Define:

fervor

(FUR vur)

n. great warmth or earnestness; ardor; zeal

Avid baseball fans frequently display their fervor for the game by throwing food at bad players.

13

Define:

fetter

(FET ur)

v. to restrain; to hamper

In his pursuit of the Nobel Prize for physics, Professor Jenkins was fettered by his near-total ignorance of the subject.

14

Define:

fidelity

(fuh DEL uh tee)

n. faithfulness; loyalty

The motto of the United States Marine Corps is semper fidelis, which is Latin for always loyal.

15

Define:

figurative

(FIG yur uh tiv)

adj. based on figures of speech; expressing something in terms usually used for something else; metaphorical

When the mayor said that the housing market had sprouted wings, he was speaking figuratively. The housing market hadn't really sprout ed wings; it had merely risen so rapidly that it had almost seemed to fly.

16

Define:

finesse

(fi NES)

n. skillful maneuvering; subtlety; craftiness

The doctor sewed up the wound with finesse, making stitches so small one could scarcely see them.

17

Define:

flagrant

(FLAY grunt)

adj. glaringly bad; notorious; scandalous

An example of a flagrant theft would be stealing a car from the parking lot of a police station. A flagrant spelling error is a very noticeable one. See the listing for blatant, as these two words are often confused.

18

Define:

flaunt

(flawnt)

v. to show off; to display ostentatiously

The brand-new millionaire annoyed all his friends by driving around his old neighborhood to flaunt his new Rolls-Royce.

19

Define:

flout

(flowt)

v. to disregard something out of disrespect

A driver flouts the traffic laws by driving through red lights and knocking down pedestrians.

20

Define:

foible

(FOY bul)

n. a minor character flaw

Patti’s foibles included a tendency to prefer dogs to people.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a lie; something made up

fabrication

(FAB ruh kay shun)

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following

adj. humorous; not serious; clumsily hu­morous

facetious

(fuh SEE shus)

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. fluent; skillful in a superficial way; easy

facile

(FAS il)

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a group, usually a small part of a larger group, united around some cause; disagreement within an organization

faction

(FAK shun)

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. absurd; ludicrous

farcical

(FARS i kul)

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. meticulous; demanding; finicky

fastidious

(fa STID ee us)

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. someone who believes that future events are already determined and that humans are powerless to change them

fatalist

(FAYT uh list)

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. foolish; silly; idiotic

fatuous

(FACH oo us)

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. animals

fauna

(FAW nuh)

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. fertile; productive

fecund

(FEE kund)

31

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. happiness; skillfulness, especially at ex­pressing things; adeptness

felicity

(fuh LIS uh tee)

32

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. great warmth or earnestness; ardor; zeal

fervor

(FUR vur)

33

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to restrain; to hamper

fetter

(FET ur)

34

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. faithfulness; loyalty

fidelity

(fuh DEL uh tee)

35

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. based on figures of speech; expressing something in terms usually used for something else; metaphorical

figurative

(FIG yur uh tiv)

36

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. skillful maneuvering; subtlety; craftiness

finesse

(fi NES)

37

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. glaringly bad; notorious; scandalous

flagrant

(FLAY grunt)

38

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to show off; to display ostentatiously

flaunt

(flawnt)

39

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to disregard something out of disrespect

flout

(flowt)

40

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a minor character flaw

foible

(FOY bul)

41

Define:

garrulous

(GAR uh lus)

adj. talkative; chatty

Gabriella is gregarious and garrulous; she loves to hang out with the gang and gab.

42

Define:

gauche

(gohsh)

adj. unskillful; awkward; maladroit

Smadar had a poor sense of comic timing, and her gauche attempts to mock her left-handed friends soon left her with none.

43

Define:

genre

(ZHAHN ruh)

n. a type or category, especially of art or writing

Daoyen displayed a great talent for a particular genre: the bawdy limerick.

44

Define:

genteel

(jen TEEL)

adj. refined; polite; aristocratic; affecting refinement

The ladies at the ball were too genteel to accept our invitation to the wrestling match.

45

Define:

gesticulate

(jes TIK yuh layt)

v. to make gestures, especially when speaking or in place of speaking

Massimo gesticulated wildly on the other side of the theater in an attempt to get our attention.

46

Define:

glut

(glut)

n. surplus; an overabundance

The international oil shortage turned into an international oil glut with surprising speed.

47

Define:

grandiloquent

(gran DIL uh kwunt)

adj. pompous; using a lot of big, fancy words in an attempt to sound impressive

The president’s speech was grandiloquent rather than eloquent; there were some six-dollar words and some impressive phrases, but he really had nothing to say.

48

Define:

grandiose

(GRAN dee ohs)

adj. absurdly exaggerated

The scientist’s grandiose plan was to build a huge shopping center on the surface of the moon.

49

Define:

gratuitous

(gruh TOO uh tus)

adj. given freely (said of something bad); unjustified; unprovoked; uncalled for

The scathing review of the movie contained several gratuitous remarks about the sex life of the director.

50

Define:

gravity

(GRAV uh tee)

n. seriousness

The anchorman’s nervous giggling was entirely in appropriate, given the gravity of the situation.

51

Define:

gregarious

(gruh GAR ee us)

adj. sociable; enjoying the company of others

Dirk was too gregarious to enjoy the fifty years he spent in solitary confinement.

52

Define:

guile

(gyle)

n. cunning; duplicity; artfulness

José used guile, not intelligence, to win the spelling bee; he cheated.

53

Define:

hackneyed

(HAK need)

adj. overused; trite; stale

Michael’s book was full of clichés and hackneyed phrases.

54

Define:

hapless

(HAP lis)

adj. unlucky

Joe’s hapless search for fun led him from one disappointment to another.

55

Define:

harbinger

(HAR bin jur)

n. a forerunner; a signal of

A cloud of bad breath and body odor, which preceded him by several yards everywhere he went, was Harold’s harbinger.

56

Define:

hedonism

(HEED uh niz um)

n. the pursuit of pleasure as a way of life

Yoshi’s life of hedonism came to an end when his lottery winnings ran out; his massaging armchair and wide-screen TV were repossessed, he had to eat macaroni and cheese instead of champagne and lobster, and he could no longer pay to have Victoria’s Secret models fan him with palm fronds and feed him grapes.

57

Define:

hegemony

(hi JEM uh nee)

n. leadership, especially of one nation over another

America once held an unchallenged nuclear hegemony.

58

Define:

heresy

(HER uh see)

n. any belief that is strongly opposed to established beliefs

Galileo was tried for the heresy of suggesting that the sun did not revolve around Earth. He was almost convicted of being a heretic (HER uh tik), but he recant ed his heretical (huh RET i kul) view.

59

Define:

hermetic

(hur MET ik)

adj. impervious to external influence; airtight

The president led a hermetic existence in the White House, as his advisers attempted to seal him off from the outside world.

60

Define:

heyday

(HAY day)

n. golden age; prime

In his heyday, Vernon was a world-class athlete; today he’s just Vernon.

61

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. talkative; chatty

garrulous

(GAR uh lus)

62

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unskillful; awkward; maladroit

gauche

(gohsh)

63

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a type or category, especially of art or writing

genre

(ZHAHN ruh)

64

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. refined; polite; aristocratic; affecting refine­ment

genteel

(jen TEEL)

65

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to make gestures, especially when speaking or in place of speaking

gesticulate

(jes TIK yuh layt)

66

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. surplus; an overabundance

glut

(glut)

67

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. pompous; using a lot of big, fancy words in an attempt to sound impressive

grandiloquent

(gran DIL uh kwunt)

68

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. absurdly exaggerated

grandiose

(GRAN dee ohs)

69

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. given freely (said of something bad); unjustified; unprovoked; uncalled for

gratuitous

(gruh TOO uh tus)

70

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. seriousness

gravity

(GRAV uh tee)

71

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sociable; enjoying the company of others

gregarious

(gruh GAR ee us)

72

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. cunning; duplicity; artfulness

guile

(gyle)

73

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. overused; trite; stale

hackneyed

(HAK need)

74

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unlucky

hapless

(HAP lis)

75

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a forerunner; a signal of

harbinger

(HAR bin jur)

76

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. the pursuit of pleasure as a way of life

hedonism

(HEED uh niz um)

77

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. leadership, especially of one nation over another

hegemony

(hi JEM uh nee)

78

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. any belief that is strongly opposed to established beliefs

heresy

(HER uh see)

79

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. impervious to external influence; airtight

hermetic

(hur MET ik)

80

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. golden age; prime

heyday

(HAY day)

81

Define:

hiatus

(hye AY tus)

n. a break or interruption, often from work

Spencer looked forward to spring break as a welcome hiatus from the rigors of campus parties.

82

Define:

hierarchy

(HYE uh rahr kee)

n. an organization based on rank or degree; pecking order

Kendra was very low in the State Department hierarchy. In fact, her phone number wasn't even listed in the State Department directory.

83

Define:

histrionic

(his tree AHN ik)

adj. overly dramatic; theatrical

Adele’s histrionic request for a raise embarrassed everyone in the office. She gesticulated wildly, jumped up and down, pulled out handfuls of hair, threw herself to the ground, and groaned in agony.

84

Define:

homily

(HAHM uh lee)

n. a sermon

The football coach often began practice with a lengthy homily on the virtues of clean living.

85

Define:

homogeneous

(hoh muh JEE nee us)

adj. uniform; made entirely of one thing

The kindergarten class was extremely homogeneous: All the children had blond hair, blue eyes, red shoes, and the same last name.

86

Define:

husbandry

(HUZ bun dree)

n. thrifty management of resources; live stock farming

Everyone husbanded oil and electricity during the energy crisis of the 1970s.

87

Define:

hyperbole

(hye PUR buh lee)

n. an exaggeration used as a figure of speech; exaggeration

When Joe said, “I’m so hungry I could eat a horse,” he was using hyperbole to convey the extent of his hunger.

88

Define:

hypothetical

(hye puh THET uh kul)

adj. uncertain; unproven

There were several hypothetical explanations for the strange phenomenon, but no one could say for certain what had caused it.

89

Define:

iconoclast

(eye KAHN uh klast)

n. one who attacks popular beliefs or institutions

The popular columnist was an inveterate iconoclast, avidly attacking public figures no matter what their party affiliations.

90

Define:

ideology

(eye dee AHL uh jee)

n. a system of social or political ideas

The candidate never managed to communicate his ideology to the voters, so few people were able to grasp what he stood for.

91

Define:

idiosyncrasy

(id ee oh SINK ruh see)

n. a peculiarity; an eccentricity

Eating green beans drenched in ketchup for breakfast was one of Jordana’s idiosyncrasies.

92

Define:

idyllic

(eye DIL ik)

adj. charming in a rustic way; naturally peaceful

They built their house on an idyllic spot. There was a babbling brook in back and an unbroken view of wooded hills in front.

93

Define:

ignominy

(IG nuh min ee)

n. deep disgrace

After the big scandal, the formerly high-flying investment bank er fell into a life of shame and ignominy.

94

Define:

illicit

(i LIS it)

adj. illegal; not permitted

The police interviewed hundreds of witnesses, trying to elicit clues that might help them stop an illicit business.

95

Define:

immigrate

(IM i grayt)

v. to move permanently to a new country

Edwin immigrated to Canada, thinking the move would give his two-year-old daughter a better shot at attending the University of Toronto preschool.

96

Define:

imminent

(IM uh nunt)

adj. just about to happen

The pink glow in the east made it clear that sunrise was imminent.

97

Define:

immutable

(i MYOO tuh bul)

adj. unchangeable

Jerry’s mother had only one immutable rule: no dancing on the dinner table.

98

Define:

impartial

(im PAHR shul)

adj. fair; not favoring one side or the other; unbiased

Jurors are supposed to be impartial rather than partial; they aren't sup posed to make up their minds until they've heard all the evidence.

99

Define:

impeccable

(im PEK uh bul)

adj. flawless; entirely without sin

The children’s behavior was impeccable; they didn't pour dye into the swimming pool.

100

Define:

imperial

(im PEER ee ul)

adj. like an emperor or an empire

The palace was decorated with imperial splendor.

101

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a break or interruption, often from work

hiatus

(hye AY tus)

102

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an organization based on rank or degree; pecking order

hierarchy

(HYE uh rahr kee)

103

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. overly dramatic; theatrical

histrionic

(his tree AHN ik)

104

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a sermon

homily

(HAHM uh lee)

105

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. uniform; made entirely of one thing

homogeneous

(hoh muh JEE nee us)

106

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. thrifty management of resources; live­ stock farming

husbandry

(HUZ bun dree)

107

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an exaggeration used as a figure of speech; exaggeration

hyperbole

(hye PUR buh lee)

108

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. uncertain; unproven

hypothetical

(hye puh THET uh kul)

109

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. one who attacks popular beliefs or institutions

iconoclast

(eye KAHN uh klast)

110

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a system of social or political ideas

ideology

(eye dee AHL uh jee)

111

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a peculiarity; an eccentricity

idiosyncrasy

(id ee oh SINK ruh see)

112

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. charming in a rustic way; naturally peaceful

idyllic

(eye DIL ik)

113

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. deep disgrace

ignominy

(IG nuh min ee)

114

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. illegal; not permitted

illicit

(i LIS it)

115

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to move permanently to a new country

immigrate

(IM i grayt)

116

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. just about to happen

imminent

(IM uh nunt)

117

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. unchangeable

immutable

(i MYOO tuh bul)

118

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. fair; not favoring one side or the other; unbiased

impartial

(im PAHR shul)

119

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. flawless; entirely without sin

impeccable

(im PEK uh bul)

120

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. like an emperor or an empire

imperial

(im PEER ee ul)

121

Define:

judicious

(joo DISH us)

adj. exercising sound judgment

The judge was far from judicious; he told the jury that he thought the defendant looked guilty and said that anyone who would wear a red bow tie into a courtroom deserved to be sent to jail.

122

Define:

juxtapose

(JUK stuh pohz)

v. to place side by side

Comedy and tragedy were juxtaposed in the play, which was alternately funny and sad.

123

Define:

kinetic

(ki NET ik)

adj. having to do with motion; lively; active

Kinetic energy is energy associated with motion. A speeding bullet has a lot of kinetic energy. Kinetic art is art with things in it that move. A mobile is an example of kinetic art. A kinetic personality is a lively, active, moving personality.

124

Define:

labyrinth

(LAB uh rinth)

n. a maze; something like a maze

Each of the fifty floors in the office building was a labyrinth of dark corridors and narrow passageways.

125

Define:

laconic

(luh KAHN ik)

adj. using few words, especially to the point of seeming rude

The manager’s laconic dismissal letter left the fired employees feeling angry and hurt.

126

Define:

lament

(luh MENT)

v. to mourn

From the balcony of the bullet-pocked hotel, the foreign correspondents could hear hundreds of women and children lamenting the fallen soldiers.

127

Define:

lampoon

(lam POON)

v. to satirize; to mock; to parody

The irreverent students mercilessly lampooned their Latin teach­er’s lisp in a skit at the school talent show.

128

Define:

languish

(LANG gwish)

v. to become weak, listless, or depressed

The formerly eager and vigorous accountant languished in his tedious job at the international conglomerate.

129

Define:

largess

(lahr JES)

n. generous giving of gifts (or the gifts themselves); generosity; philanthropy

Sam was marginally literate at best. Only the largess of his uncle got Sam into Princeton.

130

Define:

latent

(LAYT unt)

adj. present but not visible or apparent; potential

At four, Maria was a latent shopaholic; she learned to read by browsing the descriptions in clothing catalogs.

131

Define:

laud

(lawd)

v. to praise; to applaud; to extol; to celebrate

The bank manager lauded the hero who trapped the escaping robber. The local newspaper published a laudatory editorial on this intrepid individual.

132

Define:

legacy

(LEG uh see)

n. something handed down from the past; a bequest

The legacy of the corrupt administration was chaos, bankruptcy, and despair.

133

Define:

lethargy

(LETH ur jee)

n. sluggishness; laziness; drowsiness; indifference

The couch potato had fallen into a state of such total lethargy that he never moved except to change channels or get another bag of chips from the kitchen.

134

Define:

levity

(LEV uh tee)

n. lightness; frivolity; unseriousness

The speaker’s levity was not appreciated by the convention of funeral directors, who felt that a convention of funeral directors was no place to tell jokes.

135

Define:

libel

(LYE bul)

n. a written or published falsehood that injures the reputation of, or defames, someone

The executive said that the newspaper had committed libel when it called him a stinking, no-good, corrupt, incompetent, over paid, lying, worthless moron. He claimed that the newspaper had libeled him, and that its description of him had been libelous. At the trial, the jury disagreed, saying that the news paper’s description of the executive had been substantially accurate.

136

Define:

litigate

(LIT uh gayt)

v. to try in court; to engage in legal proceedings

His lawyer thought a lawsuit would be fruitless, but the client wanted to litigate. He was feeling litigious (li TIJ us); that is, he was feeling in a mood to go to court.

137

Define:

loquacious

(loh KWAY shus)

adj. talking a lot or too much

The child was surprisingly loquacious for one so small.

138

Define:

lucid

(LOO sid)

adj. clear; easy to understand

The professor’s explanation of the theory of relativity was so astonishingly lucid that even I could understand it.

139

Define:

lugubrious

(loo GOO bree us)

adj. exaggeratedly mournful

Harry’s lugubrious eulogy at the funeral of his dog eventually made everyone start giggling.

140

Define:

luminous

(LOO muh nus)

adj. giving off light; glowing; bright

The moon was a luminous disk in the cloudy nighttime sky.

141

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. exercising sound judgment

judicious

(joo DISH us)

142

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to place side by side

juxtapose

(JUK stuh pohz)

143

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. having to do with motion; lively; active

kinetic

(ki NET ik)

144

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a maze; something like a maze

labyrinth

(LAB uh rinth)

145

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. using few words, especially to the point of seeming rude

laconic

(luh KAHN ik)

146

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to mourn

lament

(luh MENT)

147

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to satirize; to mock; to parody

lampoon

(lam POON)

148

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to become weak, listless, or depressed

languish

(LANG gwish)

149

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. generous giving of gifts (or the gifts themselves); generosity; philanthropy

largess

(lahr JES)

150

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. present but not visible or apparent; potential

latent

(LAYT unt)

151

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to praise; to applaud; to extol; to celebrate

laud

(lawd)

152

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. something handed down from the past; a be­quest

legacy

(LEG uh see)

153

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. sluggishness; laziness; drowsiness; indif­ference

lethargy

(LETH ur jee)

154

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. lightness; frivolity; unseriousness

levity

(LEV uh tee)

155

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a written or published falsehood that injures the reputation of, or defames, someone

libel

(LYE bul)

156

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to try in court; to engage in legal proceedings

litigate

(LIT uh gayt)

157

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. talking a lot or too much

loquacious

(loh KWAY shus)

158

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. clear; easy to understand

lucid

(LOO sid)

159

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. exaggeratedly mournful

lugubrious

(loo GOO bree us)

160

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. giving off light; glowing; bright

luminous

(LOO muh nus)

161

Define:

machination

(mak uh NAY shun)

n. scheming activity for an evil purpose

The ruthless machinations of the mobsters left a trail of blood and bodies.

162

Define:

magnanimous

(mag NAN uh mus)

adj. forgiving; unresentful; noble in spirit; generous

The boxer was magnanimous in defeat, telling the sports reporters that his opponent had simply been too talented for him to beat.

163

Define:

magnate

(MAG nayt)

n. a rich, powerful, or very successful business person

John D. Rockefeller was a magnate who was never too cheap to give a shoeshine boy a dime for his troubles.

164

Define:

malaise

(ma LAYZ)

n. a feeling of depression, uneasiness, or queasiness

Malaise descended on the calculus class when the teacher announced a quiz.

165

Define:

malfeasance

(mal FEE zuns)

n. an illegal act, especially by a public official

President Ford officially pardoned former president Nixon before the latter could be convicted of any malfeasance.

166

Define:

malignant

(muh LIG nuhnt)

adj. causing harm

Lina has had recurring tumors since the operation; we’re just glad that none of them have proved malignant.

167

Define:

malinger

(muh LING ger)

v. to pretend to be sick to avoid doing work

Indolent Leon always malingered when it was his turn to clean up the house.

168

Define:

malleable

(MAL ee uh bul)

adj. easy to shape or bend

Modeling clay is very malleable. So is Stuart. We can make him do whatever we want him to do.

169

Define:

mandate

(MAN dayt)

n. a command or authorization to do something; the will of the voters as expressed by the results of an election

Our mandate from the executive committee was to find the answer to the problem as quickly as possible.

170

Define:

manifest

(MAN uh fest)

adj. visible; evident

Daryl’s anger at us was manifest: You could see it in his expression and hear it in his voice.

171

Define:

manifesto

(man uh FES toh)

n. a public declaration of beliefs or principles, usually political ones

Jim’s article about the election was less a piece of reporting than a manifesto of his political views.

172

Define:

marshal

(MAHR shul)

v. to arrange in order; to gather together for the purpose of doing something

The statistician marshaled his facts before making his presentation.

173

Define:

martial

(MAHR shul)

adj. warlike; having to do with combat

The parade of soldiers was martial in tone; the soldiers carried rifles and were followed by a formation of tanks.

174

Define:

martyr

(MAHR tur)

n. someone who gives up his or her life in pursuit of a cause, especially a religious one; one who suffers for a cause; one who makes a show of suffering in order to arouse sympathy

Jacob is a martyr to his job; he would stay at his desk twenty four hours a day if his wife and the janitor would let him.

175

Define:

matriculate

(muh TRIK yuh layt)

v. to enroll, especially at a college

Benny told everyone he was going to Harvard, but he actually matriculated to the local junior college.

176

Define:

maudlin

(MAWD lin)

adj. silly and overly sentimental

The high school reunion grew more and more maudlin as the participants shared more and more memories.

177

Define:

maverick

(MAV ur ik)

n. a nonconformist; a rebel

The political scientist was an intellectual maverick; most of his theories had no followers except himself.

178

Define:

maxim

(MAK sim)

n. a fundamental principle; an old saying

We always tried to live our lives according to the maxim that it is better to give than to receive.

179

Define:

mediate

(MEE dee ayt)

v. to help settle differences

The United Nations representative tried to mediate between the warring countries, but the soldiers just kept shooting at one another.

180

Define:

mellifluous

(muh LIF loo us)

adj. sweetly flowing

Melanie’s clarinet playing was mellifluous; the notes flowed smoothly and beautifully.

181

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. scheming activity for an evil pur­pose

machination

(mak uh NAY shun)

182

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. forgiving; unresentful; noble in spirit; generous

magnanimous

(mag NAN uh mus)

183

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a rich, powerful, or very successful business­ person

magnate

(MAG nayt)

184

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a feeling of depression, uneasiness, or quea­siness

malaise

(ma LAYZ)

185

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. an illegal act, especially by a public official

malfeasance

(mal FEE zuns)

186

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. causing harm

malignant

(muh LIG nuhnt)

187

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to pretend to be sick to avoid doing work

malinger

(muh LING ger)

188

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. easy to shape or bend

malleable

(MAL ee uh bul)

189

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a command or authorization to do something; the will of the voters as expressed by the results of an election

mandate

(MAN dayt)

190

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. visible; evident

manifest

(MAN uh fest)

191

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a public declaration of beliefs or prin­ciples, usually political ones

manifesto

(man uh FES toh)

192

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to arrange in order; to gather together for the purpose of doing something

marshal

(MAHR shul)

193

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. warlike; having to do with combat

martial

(MAHR shul)

194

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. someone who gives up his or her life in pursuit of a cause, especially a religious one; one who suffers for a cause; one who makes a show of suffering in order to arouse sympathy

martyr

(MAHR tur)

195

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to enroll, especially at a college

matriculate

(muh TRIK yuh layt)

196

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. silly and overly sentimental

maudlin

(MAWD lin)

197

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a nonconformist; a rebel

maverick

(MAV ur ik)

198

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a fundamental principle; an old saying

maxim

(MAK sim)

199

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

v. to help settle differences

mediate

(MEE dee ayt)

200

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sweetly flowing

mellifluous

(muh LIF loo us)