Deck 4 Flashcards Preview

Pack 12 (April 2016) > Deck 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 4 Deck (16):
1

cornerstone (n)
/ˈkɔːnəstəʊn/

An important quality or feature on which a particular thing depends or is based

2

stanchion (n)
/ˈstanʃ(ə)n/

An upright bar, post, or frame forming a support or barrier

3

touchstone (n)
/ˈtʌtʃstəʊn/

A standard or criterion by which something is judged or recognized

4

doodad/doodah
/ˈduːdad/ /ˈduːdɑː/

Used to refer to something that the speaker cannot name precisely

5

avaricious (adj)
/avəˈrɪʃəs/

Having or showing an extreme greed for wealth or material gain

6

tacky (adj)
/ˈtaki

1. (Of glue, paint, or other substances) not fully dry and retaining a slightly sticky feel
2. Showing poor taste and quality

7

vitreous (adj)
/ˈvɪtrɪəs/

Like glass in appearance or physical properties
(Of a substance) derived from or containing glass

8

grizzled (adj)
/ˈɡrɪz(ə)ld/

Having or streaked with grey hair (tóc hoa râm)

9

doting (adj)
/ˈdəʊtɪŋ/

Extremely and uncritically fond of someone; adoring

10

amicably (adv)
/ˈamɪkəbli/

In a friendly and peaceable manner

11

duplicitous (adj)
/djuːˈplɪsɪtəs/

Deceitful

12

manufacture
/manjʊˈfaktʃə/

1. (v) Make (something) on a large scale using machinery
(Of a living thing) produce (a substance) naturally
Make or produce (something abstract) in a merely mechanical way
2. (v) Invent (evidence or a story)
3. (n) The making of articles on a large scale using machinery
A specified branch of industry
Manufactured articles

13

trenchant (adj)
/ˈtrɛn(t)ʃ(ə)nt/

1. Vigorous or incisive in expression or style
2. (Of a weapon or tool) having a sharp edge

14

spurn
/spəːn/

1. (v) Reject with disdain or contempt
Strike, tread, or push away with the foot
2. (n) An act of spurning

15

galvanize / galvanise
/ˈɡalvənʌɪz/

1. (v) Shock or excite (someone) into taking action
2. (v) often as adjective galvanized) Coat (iron or steel) with a protective layer of zinc (mạ điện)
3. (n) Galvanized tin sheeting, typically as used for roofing or fencing

16

plebeian
/plɪˈbiːən/

1. (n) (In ancient Rome) a commoner.
A member of the lower social classes
2. (adj) Of or belonging to the commoners of ancient Rome.
Of or belonging to the lower social classes
Lacking in refinement