Deck 1 Flashcards Preview

Pack 12 (April 2016) > Deck 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 1 Deck (16):

antiquity (n)

1. The ancient past, especially the period of classical and other human civilizations before the Middle Ages
2. (usually antiquities) An object, building, or work of art from the ancient past
3. Great age


subsistence (n)

1. The action or fact of maintaining or supporting oneself, especially at a minimal level
The means of maintaining or supporting oneself
Denoting or relating to production at a level sufficient only for one’s own use or consumption, without any surplus for trade
2. (law) The state of remaining in force or effect



1. (n) A qualification, achievement, quality, or aspect of a person’s background, especially when used to indicate their suitability for something
A document proving a person’s identity or qualifications
2. Provide with credentials


impugn (v)

Dispute the truth, validity, or honesty of (a statement or motive); call into question


exploitative/exploitive (adj)
/ɪkˈsplɔɪtətɪv/ /ɛkˈsplɔɪtətɪv/

Making use of a situation or treating others unfairly in order to gain an advantage or benefit


merriment (n)

Gaiety and fun


gaiety / gayety (n)

The state or quality of being light-hearted or cheerful
Lively celebration or festivities
Entertainments or amusements


colony (n)

1. A country or area under the full or partial political control of another country and occupied by settlers from that country
2. A group of people of one nationality or race living in a foreign place


peddle (v)

Try to sell (something, especially small goods) by going from place to place
Sell (an illegal drug or stolen item)
Promote (an idea or view) persistently or widely



1. (n) A person employed to look after the passengers on a ship, aircraft, or train.
2. (n) A person responsible for supplies of food to a college, club, or other institution.
3. (n) An official appointed to supervise arrangements or keep order at a large public event, for example a race, match, or demonstration.
4. (n) A person employed to manage another’s property, especially a large house or estate.
A person whose responsibility it is to take care of something
5. (v) (Of an official) supervise arrangements or keep order at (a large public event)
6. (v) Manage or look after (another’s property)


upend (v)

Set or turn (something) on its end or upside down



1. (n) The expression of approval or agreement
Official agreement or sanction
2. (v) Express approval or agreement


tantamount (adj)

Equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as



1. (n) A supreme ruler, especially a monarch
2. (adj) Possessing supreme or ultimate power
(Of a nation or its affairs) acting or done independently and without outside interference
3. (adj) Very good or effective


insurmountable (adj)

Too great to be overcome


denigrate (v)

Criticize unfairly; disparage