Deck 1 Flashcards Preview

Pack 12 (April 2016) > Deck 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 1 Deck (16):
1

antiquity (n)
/anˈtɪkwɪti/

1. The ancient past, especially the period of classical and other human civilizations before the Middle Ages
2. (usually antiquities) An object, building, or work of art from the ancient past
3. Great age

2

subsistence (n)
/səbˈsɪst(ə)ns/

1. The action or fact of maintaining or supporting oneself, especially at a minimal level
The means of maintaining or supporting oneself
Denoting or relating to production at a level sufficient only for one’s own use or consumption, without any surplus for trade
2. (law) The state of remaining in force or effect

3

credential
/krɪˈdɛnʃ(ə)l/

1. (n) A qualification, achievement, quality, or aspect of a person’s background, especially when used to indicate their suitability for something
A document proving a person’s identity or qualifications
2. Provide with credentials

4

impugn (v)
/ɪmˈpjuːn/

Dispute the truth, validity, or honesty of (a statement or motive); call into question

5

exploitative/exploitive (adj)
/ɪkˈsplɔɪtətɪv/ /ɛkˈsplɔɪtətɪv/

Making use of a situation or treating others unfairly in order to gain an advantage or benefit

6

merriment (n)
/ˈmɛrɪm(ə)nt/

Gaiety and fun

7

gaiety / gayety (n)
/ˈɡeɪəti/

The state or quality of being light-hearted or cheerful
Lively celebration or festivities
Entertainments or amusements

8

colony (n)
/ˈkɒləni/

1. A country or area under the full or partial political control of another country and occupied by settlers from that country
2. A group of people of one nationality or race living in a foreign place

9

peddle (v)
/ˈpɛd(ə)l/

Try to sell (something, especially small goods) by going from place to place
Sell (an illegal drug or stolen item)
Promote (an idea or view) persistently or widely

10

steward
/ˈstjuːəd/

1. (n) A person employed to look after the passengers on a ship, aircraft, or train.
2. (n) A person responsible for supplies of food to a college, club, or other institution.
3. (n) An official appointed to supervise arrangements or keep order at a large public event, for example a race, match, or demonstration.
4. (n) A person employed to manage another’s property, especially a large house or estate.
A person whose responsibility it is to take care of something
5. (v) (Of an official) supervise arrangements or keep order at (a large public event)
6. (v) Manage or look after (another’s property)

11

upend (v)
/ʌpˈɛnd/

Set or turn (something) on its end or upside down

12

assent
/əˈsɛnt/

1. (n) The expression of approval or agreement
Official agreement or sanction
2. (v) Express approval or agreement

13

tantamount (adj)
/ˈtantəmaʊnt/

Equivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as

14

sovereign
/ˈsɒvrɪn/

1. (n) A supreme ruler, especially a monarch
2. (adj) Possessing supreme or ultimate power
(Of a nation or its affairs) acting or done independently and without outside interference
3. (adj) Very good or effective

15

insurmountable (adj)
/ˌɪnsəˈmaʊntəb(ə)l/

Too great to be overcome

16

denigrate (v)
/ˈdɛnɪɡreɪt/

Criticize unfairly; disparage