Deck 14 Flashcards Preview

Pack 12 (April 2016) > Deck 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 14 Deck (16):
1

speculate (v)
/ˈspɛkjʊleɪt/

1. Form a theory or conjecture about a subject without firm evidence
2. Invest in stocks, property, or other ventures in the hope of gain but with the risk of loss

2

contrived (adj)
/kənˈtrʌɪvd/

Deliberately created rather than arising naturally or spontaneously
Created or arranged in a way that seems artificial and unrealistic

3

vocation (n)
/və(ʊ)ˈkeɪʃ(ə)n/

A strong feeling of suitability for a particular career or occupation
A person’s employment or main occupation, especially regarded as worthy and requiring dedication
A trade or profession

4

gambit (n)
/ˈɡambɪt/

1. An act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation
2. (In chess) an opening move in which a player makes a sacrifice, typically of a pawn, for the sake of a compensating advantage

5

relinquish (v)
/rɪˈlɪŋkwɪʃ/

Voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up

6

banish (v)
/ˈbanɪʃ/

Send (someone) away from a country or place as an official punishment
Get rid of (something unwanted)

7

protracted (adj)
/prəˈtraktɪd/

Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual

8

perennial
/pəˈrɛnɪəl/

1. (adj) Lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring
Apparently permanently engaged in a specified role or way of life
2. (Adj) (Of a plant) living for several years
3. (adj) (Of a stream or spring) flowing throughout the year
4. (n) A perennial plant

9

penurious (adj)
/pɪˈnjʊərɪəs/

1. Extremely poor; poverty-stricken
Characterized by poverty
2. Unwilling to spend money; mean

10

brink (n)
/brɪŋk/

The extreme edge of land before a steep slope or a body or water
A point at which something, typically something unwelcome, is about to happen; the verge

11

reveting (adj)
/ˈrɪvɪtɪŋ/

Completely engrossing; compelling

12

engross (v)
/ɪnˈɡrəʊs/

1. (often be engrossed in) Absorb all the attention or interest of
Gain or keep exclusive possession of
2. Produce (a legal document, especially a deed or statute) in its final form

13

crony (n)
/ˈkrəʊni/

(derogatory) A close friend or companion

14

chum
/tʃʌm/

1. (n) A close friend
2. (n) Used as a friendly or familiar form of address between men or boys
3. (v) Form a friendship with someone
4. (n) Chopped fish and other material thrown overboard as angling bait
5. (v) Fish using chum as bait

15

grovel (v)
/ˈɡrɒv(ə)l/

Lie or crawl abjectly on the ground with one’s face downwards
Act obsequiously in order to obtain forgiveness or favour

16

abject (adj)
/ˈabdʒɛkt/

1. (Of something bad) experienced or present to the maximum degree
(Of a situation or condition) extremely unpleasant and degrading
2. (Of a person or their behaviour) completely without pride or dignity; self-abasing