Deck 14 Flashcards Preview

Pack 12 (April 2016) > Deck 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 14 Deck (16):

speculate (v)

1. Form a theory or conjecture about a subject without firm evidence
2. Invest in stocks, property, or other ventures in the hope of gain but with the risk of loss


contrived (adj)

Deliberately created rather than arising naturally or spontaneously
Created or arranged in a way that seems artificial and unrealistic


vocation (n)

A strong feeling of suitability for a particular career or occupation
A person’s employment or main occupation, especially regarded as worthy and requiring dedication
A trade or profession


gambit (n)

1. An act or remark that is calculated to gain an advantage, especially at the outset of a situation
2. (In chess) an opening move in which a player makes a sacrifice, typically of a pawn, for the sake of a compensating advantage


relinquish (v)

Voluntarily cease to keep or claim; give up


banish (v)

Send (someone) away from a country or place as an official punishment
Get rid of (something unwanted)


protracted (adj)

Lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual



1. (adj) Lasting or existing for a long or apparently infinite time; enduring or continually recurring
Apparently permanently engaged in a specified role or way of life
2. (Adj) (Of a plant) living for several years
3. (adj) (Of a stream or spring) flowing throughout the year
4. (n) A perennial plant


penurious (adj)

1. Extremely poor; poverty-stricken
Characterized by poverty
2. Unwilling to spend money; mean


brink (n)

The extreme edge of land before a steep slope or a body or water
A point at which something, typically something unwelcome, is about to happen; the verge


reveting (adj)

Completely engrossing; compelling


engross (v)

1. (often be engrossed in) Absorb all the attention or interest of
Gain or keep exclusive possession of
2. Produce (a legal document, especially a deed or statute) in its final form


crony (n)

(derogatory) A close friend or companion



1. (n) A close friend
2. (n) Used as a friendly or familiar form of address between men or boys
3. (v) Form a friendship with someone
4. (n) Chopped fish and other material thrown overboard as angling bait
5. (v) Fish using chum as bait


grovel (v)

Lie or crawl abjectly on the ground with one’s face downwards
Act obsequiously in order to obtain forgiveness or favour


abject (adj)

1. (Of something bad) experienced or present to the maximum degree
(Of a situation or condition) extremely unpleasant and degrading
2. (Of a person or their behaviour) completely without pride or dignity; self-abasing