definitions Flashcards Preview

Psychology Psychopathology > definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in definitions Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...
1

what are the 3 definitions of abnormality?

deviation from social norms
failure to function adequately
deviation from ideal mental health

2

deviation from social norms
What does deviation from social norms mean?

behaviour which is considered anti-social or undesirable by the majority of social members.

3

deviation from social norms
what are social norms?

standards of acceptable behaviour that are set by the social group and followed by by those in groups

4

deviation from social norms-limitations
name the 3 limitations of deviation from social norms

susceptible to change
context and degree
cultural relativism

5

deviation from social norms-limitations
explain susceptible to change

social norms vary as time changes e.g.homosexuality.

6

deviation from social norms-limitations
explain context and degree

There is not a clear line between what is an abnormal deviation and what it simply more harmless eccentricity. Social deviance, on its own, cannot offer a complete definition of abnormality, it is related to context and degree of behaviour. E.g. swimsuit at beach and classroom

7

deviation from social norms-limitations
explain cultural relativism

A diagnosis may be different for the same person in 2 different cultures. There is no universal standards or rules for labelling a behaviour as abnormal.

8

failure to function adequately
what does this mean?

when someone experiences suffering and so experiences an inability to cope with everyday activities.

9

failure to function adequately-limitations
name the 3 limitations to failure to functions adequately

who judges
adaptive or maladaptive
cultural relativism

10

failure to function adequately-limitations
explain who judges?

Someone needs to decide if someone behavior is failure to function adequately. It may be the patient themselves is experiencing personal distress, they then determine that this behaviour is undesirable.
Or it could be the patient is content with their behaviour but others find it uncomfortable ad label their behaviour as abnormal

11

failure to function adequately-limitations
explain adaptive or maladaptive behaviour

some dysfunctional behaviour may be adaptive and functional for the individual

12

failure to function adequately-limitations
explain adaptive or maladaptive behaviour

some dysfunctional behaviour may be adaptive and functional for the individual. Some behaviors can lead to extra attention from others.

13

failure to function adequately-limitations
explain cultural relativism

definitions of adequate functioning are also related to cultural ideas of how ones life should be lived. The standard of one culture is being used to measure another. E.g. lower class and non-white patients are more likely to be diagnosed with mental disorders-because their lifestyles are non-traditional and this mat lead to a judgement of failing to function adequately.

14

deviation from ideal mental health
explain what this means/

Jahoda pointed out that we define physical illness by looking at the absence of signs of physical health. Why not do the same with mental illness? Jahoda identified 6 criteria that if were missing, indicates abnormality.

15

deviation from ideal mental health
what are the 6 criteria Jahoda found?

self-attitudes
personal growth and self-actualisation
integration
autonomy
having an accurate perception of reality
mastery f the environment

16

deviation from ideal mental health
what does self attitudes mean?

having high self esteem and a strong sense of indentitiy

17

deviation from ideal mental health
what does personal growth and self-actualisation mean?

the extent to which an individual develops to their full capabilities

18

deviation from ideal mental health
what does integration mean?

being able to cope with stressful situations

19

deviation from ideal mental health
what does autonomy mean?

being independent and self regualting

20

deviation from ideal mental health
what does mastery of the environment mean?

ability to love, function at work, solve problems etc

21

deviation from ideal mental health-limitations
what are the 3 limitations to deviation from ideal mental health

who can achieve all these criteria?
is mental health the same as physical health?
cultural relativism

22

deviation from ideal mental health-limitations
explain who can achieve all these criteria

Not all of us can say we are all of those criteria, so how many need to be lacking before someone would be judges as abnormal?

23

deviation from ideal mental health-limitations
explain is mental health the same as physical health

is it possible some mental illnesses also have physical causes, some do but many do not. They are the consequences of life experiences, it is unlikely that we could diagnose mental abnormality in the same way

24

deviation from ideal mental health-limitations
explain cultural relativism

Many of the criteria are culture-bound. If you apply these criteria elsewhere in the world e.g. non-Western cultures, you will find a higher incidence of abnormality.