Definitions Flashcards Preview

PE > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...
1

Skill

The learned capacity to carry out predetermined results often with the minimum outlay of time, energy, or both.

2

Basic skill

Simple and straightforward, learned at an early age, transferable between sports.

3

Complex skill

Take a long time to learn, requiring a high level of coordination and control.

4

Fine skill

One that uses very small muscular contractions. Example: Archery, Golf, Throwing darts.

5

Gross skill

One that uses large muscular contractions. Example: Butterfly stroke, Power lifting.

6

Open skills

Occur in situations that are constantly changing

7

Closed skills

Occur in situations that are constant and unchanging

8

Input


The events the athlete needs to face. This is the information sent by the sensory organs to the brain.

9

Decision making

The reaction being decided to do to that event. The brain makes decisions based upon the information received as to what cause of action is required.

10

Output

The result of that reaction. Messages are sent to the muscles, via motor neurons, that stimulate them into coordinated contractions producing the action for the desired response.

11

Feedback

Information or reactions about a person’s performance of a task, which is used as a basis for improvement.

12

Intrinsic feedback

The internal information received by an athlete based on the outcome of a particular movement or series of actions.

13

Extrinsic feedback

Comes from an external source, for example a coach. It is received by seeing and hearing.

14

Knowledge of performance

Feedback related to the way in which a specific skill is performed. It gives feedback on the quality of execution of the skill and may come from either intrinsic or extrinsic sources.

15

Knowledge of results

Refers to how successfully a skill is performed. It is always external feedback and may come from sources such as a coach, spectators or teammates.

16

Limited Channel Capacity

This means that we can only process a limited amount of information at any one time.

17

Motivation

Motivation is the amount of enthusiasm and determination that a person has for a given sporting performance or activity.

18

Intrinsic motivation

Intrinsic motivation is playing a sport for the reason of internal satisfaction.

19

Extrinsic motivation

Extrinsic motivation is playing a sport for the reason of external rewards such as money

20

Arousal

Arousal is a state of excitement and alertness

21

Anxiety

A feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.

22

Joint

Where two or more bones meet

23

Isotonic eccentric

Where the fibres contract as the muscle lengthens.

24

Isotonic concentric

Where the fibres contract as the muscle shortens

25

Isometric

These occur when there is no change in the length of the contracting muscle.

26

Isokinetic

These are similar to isotonic in that the muscle changes length during the contraction. Where they differ is that isotonic contractions produce movements of a constant speed.

27

Health

A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity

28

Fitness

The ability to meet the demands of daily life safely and effectively without being overly fatigued and still have energy left for leisure and recreational activities.

29

Overload

When too much information is received and cannot be process