Flashcards in Definitions Deck (29)
The learned capacity to carry out predetermined results often with the minimum outlay of time, energy, or both.
Simple and straightforward, learned at an early age, transferable between sports.
Take a long time to learn, requiring a high level of coordination and control.
One that uses very small muscular contractions. Example: Archery, Golf, Throwing darts.
One that uses large muscular contractions. Example: Butterfly stroke, Power lifting.
Occur in situations that are constantly changing
Occur in situations that are constant and unchanging
The events the athlete needs to face. This is the information sent by the sensory organs to the brain.
The reaction being decided to do to that event. The brain makes decisions based upon the information received as to what cause of action is required.
The result of that reaction. Messages are sent to the muscles, via motor neurons, that stimulate them into coordinated contractions producing the action for the desired response.
Information or reactions about a person’s performance of a task, which is used as a basis for improvement.
The internal information received by an athlete based on the outcome of a particular movement or series of actions.
Comes from an external source, for example a coach. It is received by seeing and hearing.
Knowledge of performance
Feedback related to the way in which a specific skill is performed. It gives feedback on the quality of execution of the skill and may come from either intrinsic or extrinsic sources.
Knowledge of results
Refers to how successfully a skill is performed. It is always external feedback and may come from sources such as a coach, spectators or teammates.
Limited Channel Capacity
This means that we can only process a limited amount of information at any one time.
Motivation is the amount of enthusiasm and determination that a person has for a given sporting performance or activity.
Intrinsic motivation is playing a sport for the reason of internal satisfaction.
Extrinsic motivation is playing a sport for the reason of external rewards such as money
Arousal is a state of excitement and alertness
A feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.
Where two or more bones meet
Where the fibres contract as the muscle lengthens.
Where the fibres contract as the muscle shortens
These occur when there is no change in the length of the contracting muscle.
These are similar to isotonic in that the muscle changes length during the contraction. Where they differ is that isotonic contractions produce movements of a constant speed.
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
The ability to meet the demands of daily life safely and effectively without being overly fatigued and still have energy left for leisure and recreational activities.