Flashcards in Defying Gravity Deck (50):
Describe the tempo in the opening section of the song.
Colla voce (free)
What is the form (structure) of the song?
Describe how the voices are used in the opening section of the song.
Spoken dialogue & singing
Describe what is heard before the vocals enter. This also happens before the next two phrases.
Orchestral stab chords
The voice is alone at times in the opening section. What is the name of this texture?
Describe how the accompaniment changes in bar 6 ("..hurt your cause forever: I hope you think you're clever").
Describe how most of the text is set.
What effect is the guitar using in the opening section in bar 11 ("I hope you're proud how you would ....)?
The two singers join together in bar 15 ("So though I can't...") and sing the same melody line. What is this called?
At the end of the opening section (bar 19) the singers hold the word "right" for longer than a crotchet. What is written in the music instructing them to do this?
Describe what the brass instruments play in bar 20 (on the word "now!").
A fanfare like figure
What is the key in bars 20 & 21 where the voices sing "now!"?
What technique do the strings play in the verse 1?
What position are the chords in?
What is the texture of the verses?
Melody & accompaniment or melody-dominated homphony
What is the tempo marking in chorus 1?
Allegro = quick/lively
Describe the melodic movement of the verses.
Combination of stepwise/conjunct movement with leaps (disjunct) that are quite big (angular)
What does the hi hat play in chorus 1?
Crotchets on closed hi hat
Describe the accompaniment in the chorus.
Broken chords with lower sustained chords
What rhythmic device is sung on the words "Can't I make you understand" in bar 60?
What rhythmic device is sung on the words "through accepting limits" in bars 63 & 64?
What interval is between the words "the" and "rules" in the third phrase of verse 1 (bars 39 - 40)?
Compound perfect 4th (octave & 4th)
How does the section that follows the 2nd chorus contrast with the previous section?
In G major with semiquaver ostinato accompaniment
What is the tempo marking for the contrasting section that follows the 2nd chorus?
Moderator (moderate pace)
In what key is Chorus 3?
D major (tonic key)
Identify a feature of the accompaniment in chorus 3.
Strong quaver piano accompaniment
Are the voices in unison or in harmony at the start of chorus 3?
What is the tempo marking for chorus 3?
What happens to the tempo at the end of chorus 3?
It slows down (rallentando)
Which instruments play a homophonic chordal accompaniment after chorus 3?
What instrument adds excitement in bar 122 in the lead up to the key change?
How does the song build to the climax at bar 129?
Full orchestra, loud/forte and homophonic chords
What is the key for the finale (bars 162-177)?
B minor (relative minor)
Identify the harmonic device played in the first 6 bars of the finale.
Tonic pedal note (B)
What is the tempo marking for the finale?
What is the texture of the finale?
Contrapuntal (3 different musical ideas at the same time)
In the finale, an extra part is added - what is this?
Ensemble singing in harmony
Identify a rhythmic device used at the end to bring the song to a dramatic end.
How does the tempo change in the final bars of the song?
It slows down (rallentando)
Describe Elphaba's final phrase.
What chord does the piece end with?
D major (tonic)
What rhythmic device is used to break up vocal phrases?
Name the 2 instruments that play a high pitched repeated quaver accompaniment in chorus 4.
Synthesiser & glockenspiel
Why is the tonality in the opening section ambiguous (unclear)?
Uses unrelated chord progressions (chords from different keys) and there is chromatic movement
Describe the instrumentation of the song.
Large orchestra with a variety of percussion instruments and electric guitars
Which percussion instrument give an ethereal sound in bar 147?
Which instruments create a magical-sound?
Synthesisers & glockenspiel
Describe the range of the vocal parts.
Large - just under 2 octaves
What defines the different sections within the song?
Tempo changes, contrasting keys & different melodies