Defying Gravity Flashcards Preview

GCSE Study pieces > Defying Gravity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Defying Gravity Deck (50):
1

Describe the tempo in the opening section of the song.

Colla voce (free)

2

What is the form (structure) of the song?

Verse-chorus form

3

Describe how the voices are used in the opening section of the song.

Spoken dialogue & singing

4

Describe what is heard before the vocals enter. This also happens before the next two phrases.

Orchestral stab chords

5

The voice is alone at times in the opening section. What is the name of this texture?

Monophonic

6

Describe how the accompaniment changes in bar 6 ("..hurt your cause forever: I hope you think you're clever").

Sustained chords

7

Describe how most of the text is set.

Syllabic

8

What effect is the guitar using in the opening section in bar 11 ("I hope you're proud how you would ....)?

Overdrive

9

The two singers join together in bar 15 ("So though I can't...") and sing the same melody line. What is this called?

Unison

10

At the end of the opening section (bar 19) the singers hold the word "right" for longer than a crotchet. What is written in the music instructing them to do this?

A pause

11

Describe what the brass instruments play in bar 20 (on the word "now!").

A fanfare like figure

12

What is the key in bars 20 & 21 where the voices sing "now!"?

B major

13

What technique do the strings play in the verse 1?

Tremolando/tremolo

14

What position are the chords in?

Root position

15

What is the texture of the verses?

Melody & accompaniment or melody-dominated homphony

16

What is the tempo marking in chorus 1?

Allegro = quick/lively

17

Describe the melodic movement of the verses.

Combination of stepwise/conjunct movement with leaps (disjunct) that are quite big (angular)

18

What does the hi hat play in chorus 1?

Crotchets on closed hi hat

19

Describe the accompaniment in the chorus.

Broken chords with lower sustained chords

20

What rhythmic device is sung on the words "Can't I make you understand" in bar 60?

Triplet crotchets

21

What rhythmic device is sung on the words "through accepting limits" in bars 63 & 64?

Syncopation

22

What interval is between the words "the" and "rules" in the third phrase of verse 1 (bars 39 - 40)?

Compound perfect 4th (octave & 4th)

23

How does the section that follows the 2nd chorus contrast with the previous section?

In G major with semiquaver ostinato accompaniment

24

What is the tempo marking for the contrasting section that follows the 2nd chorus?

Moderator (moderate pace)

25

In what key is Chorus 3?

D major (tonic key)

26

Identify a feature of the accompaniment in chorus 3.

Strong quaver piano accompaniment

27

Are the voices in unison or in harmony at the start of chorus 3?

Unison

28

What is the tempo marking for chorus 3?

Allegro

29

What happens to the tempo at the end of chorus 3?

It slows down (rallentando)

30

Which instruments play a homophonic chordal accompaniment after chorus 3?

Brass

31

What instrument adds excitement in bar 122 in the lead up to the key change?

Cymbal roll

32

How does the song build to the climax at bar 129?

Full orchestra, loud/forte and homophonic chords

33

What is the key for the finale (bars 162-177)?

B minor (relative minor)

34

Identify the harmonic device played in the first 6 bars of the finale.

Tonic pedal note (B)

35

What is the tempo marking for the finale?

Maestoso (majestically)

36

What is the texture of the finale?

Contrapuntal (3 different musical ideas at the same time)

37

In the finale, an extra part is added - what is this?

Ensemble singing in harmony

38

Identify a rhythmic device used at the end to bring the song to a dramatic end.

Pause (fermata)

39

How does the tempo change in the final bars of the song?

It slows down (rallentando)

40

Describe Elphaba's final phrase.

Aah (vocalised/vocalisation)

41

What chord does the piece end with?

D major (tonic)

42

What rhythmic device is used to break up vocal phrases?

Rests

43

Name the 2 instruments that play a high pitched repeated quaver accompaniment in chorus 4.

Synthesiser & glockenspiel

44

Why is the tonality in the opening section ambiguous (unclear)?

Uses unrelated chord progressions (chords from different keys) and there is chromatic movement

45

Describe the instrumentation of the song.

Large orchestra with a variety of percussion instruments and electric guitars

46

Which percussion instrument give an ethereal sound in bar 147?

Tubular bells

47

Which instruments create a magical-sound?

Synthesisers & glockenspiel

48

Describe the range of the vocal parts.

Large - just under 2 octaves

49

What defines the different sections within the song?

Tempo changes, contrasting keys & different melodies

50

Where in the musical "Wicked" is this song performed?

At the end of the first act