Flashcards in Music For A While Deck (50)
What is the structure of the piece?
Which instruments play the ground bass?
Bass viol and harpsichord
What is the tonality of the piece?
How many bars long is the ground bass?
What is the texture of the piece?
Melody and accompaniment/melody- dominated homophony
Why is the tonality ambiguous at times?
Identify three features of the movement of the ground bass?
It rises in pitch, includes semitones and is based on arpeggios
What is the interval between the last two notes of the ground bass?
What is the time signature (metre)?
4/4 - simple quadruple
What is the range of the vocal part?
Identify the melodic device heard on the word "eas'd, eas'd, eas'd".
How many times is the ground bass played in the tonic key at the start of the piece?
4 and 1/2 times
What harmonic device is used to create word painting on the word "pains"?
Dissonance (E in the voice clashes with D and F in accompaniment)
Which key does the piece modulate to in bar 14?
Name the cadence in bar 15 that confirms the key change to E minor.
Which key does the piece modulate to in bar 16 and how is the key confirmed?
G major with a perfect cadence
How does the music reflect the words "free the dead"?
In G major (happier and brighter)
Describe the overall melodic movement of the vocal part.
It is mostly stepwise/conjunct (notes next to each other)
What happens in the vocal part on the second syllable of the word "eternal" in bars 20-21?
Extended (long) melisma (lots of notes for one syllable)
How many times does the vocalist sing the word "drop"?
How are words mostly set to music?
Word setting is mainly syllabic
How is word painting used on the word "wond'ring" in bar 10?
Descending legato melisma
What happens on the repeat of the word "wond'ring" in bar 11?
Ascending sequence (sung the same but higher)
Describe the harmony.
Functional and diatonic
Which key does the piece modulate to in bar 21 on the extended melisma "eternal bands"?
Which key does the piece modulate to in bar 23 on the words "till the snakes"?
A major (tonic major)
Which rhythms are most dominant in the piece?
Quavers and semiquavers
There is no tempo marking but how is the piece performed?
Describe the rhythm of the word "drop" in bars 24 and 25.
Off beat quavers