Piano Sonata no.8 in C minor 'Pathetique' Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Piano Sonata no.8 in C minor 'Pathetique' Deck (50)
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1

What is the structure of the movement?

Sonata form

2

Name the sections within Sonata form.

Exposition, Development and Recapitulation

3

What is unusual about the structure of this piano sonata?

It includes an introduction

4

What is the tempo at the start (introduction)?

Grave - very slow/solemn/grave

5

What is the texture of the introduction?

Homophonic

6

What is the tonality of the introduction?

C minor (tonic)

7

What features of the music make the introduction dramatic?

Slow tempo, rests/silences, contrasting dynamics and rapid scales

8

How many notes in the melodic idea in the introduction?

6

9

What key does the introduction briefly modulate to before returning to the tonic key (C minor)?

Eb major (relative major)

10

Describe the last bar of the introduction.

Rapid descending chromatic scale

11

What is the tempo marking for the exposition?

Allegro di molto e con brio (very fast with vigour)

12

Name the harmonic device played by the left hand at the start of the exposition.

Tonic pedal (alternating quaver octaves)

13

What rhythm features in most of the accompaniment to the first subject?

Quavers

14

Describe the melodic movement of the first subject.

Ascending/rising scale over 2 octaves

15

Describe the articulation of the first subject.

Staccato

16

Describe how the subsidiary theme opens (bar 27 in exposition).

Descending arpeggios

17

Which articulation features a lot in the subsidiary theme?

sforzando

18

In the transition, parts of the first subject are heard. What melodic device is used to change the first subject?

It's played in a rising sequence

19

What is the texture immediately before the 2nd subject begins in bar 51?

Monophonic

20

What is the key at the start of the 2nd subject?

Eb minor

21

What playing technique is required in order to play the 2nd subject (bar 51)?

Hands cross (right hand plays lower than the left hand)

22

What is the texture of the 2nd subject?

Melody and accompaniment

23

A new theme starts in bar 89. What is the key of the new theme?

Eb major (relative major)

24

Describe the texture at bar 89 where the new theme starts.

Broken chords

25

For much of the new theme, the two hands play in opposite directions. What is the name for this?

Contrary motion

26

How does the development section open?

4 bar introduction using material from the 10 bar introduction to the exposition

27

In what key is the introduction of the development?

G minor (dominant)

28

In what key is the first subject in the development?

E minor

29

Identify the harmonic device that is played in the left hand from bar 167 to 187.

Pedal note on G (dominant)

30

What ornament/decoration is featured in the right hand part over the pedal note in bars 181 - 186 in the development section?

Trills