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PEDIATRIC BRS > dermatology > Flashcards

Flashcards in dermatology Deck (42):
1

diagnosed w/ KOH

fungus

2

diagnosed under a microscope of unscratched lesion or burrow for mites, eggs, feces

scabies

3

diagnosed by scraping the base of a vesicle

HSV

4

shave biopsy

epidermal and superficial

5

biopsy for epidermal, dermal and superficial subcutaneous lesions

punch

6

true or false absorption is greater in a premature infant?

true

7

this has maximal water retaining properties

ointment

8

contain 20-50% water

creams

9

what is most useful for areas w/ hair?

solutions and alcohol based gels

10

antiinflam agent used for atopic dermatitis?

tacrolimus ointment

11

antiinflam ointment used for acne?

1-5% sulfur

12

anti inflam agent used for eczema and psoriasis

tar

13

occurs as a direct T - cell mediated response to an exogenous applied allergen that must have an initial sensitization

allergic contact dermatitis

14

clinical features of allergic contact dermatitis

papules and vesicles

15

which type of contact dermatitis is dose dependent?

primary irritant contact dermatitis

16

what is the most common type of primary irritant contact dermatitis?

diaper dermatitis

17

erythema on buttocks without involvement of inguinal creases is generally?

primary irritant contact dermatitis

18

erythema on buttocks WITH inguinal crease involvement is?

candida

19

treatment of diaper dermatitis

zinc oxide, moistures, and cleaning skin

20

candida diaper tx?

nystatin, clotrimazole

21

this is a dermatitis result of a reaction to pityrosporum oval?

seborrheic dermatitis

22

where does seborrheic dermatitis occur?

anywhere with high sebaceous glands

23

where do infants mostly get seborrheic dermatitis?

cradle cap (scalp)

24

what does seborrheic dermatitis look like?

greasy, red scales and crusts

25

age group for pitryiasis rosea

LATE childhood and adolescence

26

what is the distribution of pitryiasis rosea?

christmas tree

27

sequence of pitryiasis rose

first large 2 cm - 5 cm PAPULOSQUAMOUS scaly erythemateous HERALD PATCH appears for 30 days

1-2 weeks after herald patch appears then oval erythematous MACULES and PAPULES appear.

28

what is the tx for pityriasis rose?

topical or systemic antihistamines

29

silvery nongreasy scaling papules and plaques

psoriasis

30

koebner phenomenon

new lesions develop at sites of skin trauma

31

what part of the finger is commonly involved in psoriasis

nail involvement

32

how is psoriasis inherited?

autosomal dominant

33

heat rash

miliaria rubra

34

what causes heat rash

disrupted, occluded sweat ducks near upper dermis of skin causing inflammatory response

35

management of heat rash?

avoidance of occlusive clothing

36

what causes serum sickness?

cephalosporins

37

fever, arthralgias, adenopathy and evidence of organ injury

serum sickness

38

this is a severe reaction to drugs causing wide spread skin loss and severe mucous membrane involvement w/ positive nikolsky sign

Toxic epidermal necrolysis

39

this causes erythema multiform major

mycoplasma pneumo

40

treatment of m pneumo

erythromycin or azithromycin

41

what is common within all 3 classes of erythema multiforme

target lesions

42

describe a target lesion

fixed dull red oval macule dusky center that may contain papule or vesicle