Dermatology and STD's Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dermatology and STD's Deck (58)
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1

Blackened dots on the face

Comedone - acne vulgaris (proprionobacterium acnes)

2

Clear fluid blister <1 cm

Vesicle - herpes simplex (crops of painful vesicles on lips)

3

Clear fluid filled blister >1cm

Bulla - Pemphigoid (Large tense/deep bullae in older women refer to hospital)

4

Coalesced papules

Plaque - Psoriasis

5

Dark in colour due to excess melanin

Hyperpigmented - Nevi, melanoma

6

Dried serum or pus mixed with skin

Crust - Impetigo (Staph aureus/Strep Pyogene, honey-coloured crusts in and around lips and nose)

7

Flat lesion <1cm in diameter

Macule - Vitiligo

8

Flat lesion > 1cm in diamter

Patch - Pityriais versicolour (Fungus-malassezia furfur, skin scrapings show spaghetti and meatballs appearahce)

9

Lacy pattern on the mucosa in the mouth

Leukoplakia - Precancerous lesion

10

Lesion with complete epithelium loss

Ulcer - Squamous cell carcinoma (2nd MC, demarcated red scaling plaque --> nodule --> ulcer)

11

Lesion with incomplete skin loss

Erosion - Pemphigus (large flacced superficial bullae MC amoung Jewish people, refer to hospital)

12

Lesions running in a line

Linear - Psoriasis

13

Lesions confined to one area

Localized - Plantar warts (double stranded non enveloped DNA like HPV)

14

Lesions affecting entire body

Generalized - psoriasis

15

Lesions along a spinal nerve

Dermatomal - Herpes Zoster (double stranded enveloped DNA herpes type 3 virus)

16

Lesions in moist skin folds

Intertriginous - candidiasis

17

Lesions on cheeks/across nose

Malar SLE)

18

Lesions w/central depression

Umbilicated - molluscum contagiosum (double-stranded enveloped DNA pox virus, kids)

19

Loss of skin or underlying tissue

Atrophy - pregnancy striae

20

Narrow but deep crack in skin

Fissure - contact dermatitis

21

Pale in colour due to less melanin

Hypopigmented - vitiligo

22

Pus-filled blister

Pustule - chicken pox (crops of vesicles, pustules, crusts in trunk)

23

Raised lesion <1cm in diameter

Papule - dermatofibroma

24

Raised lesion >1cm in diameter

Nodule - basal cell carcinoma (pearly papule or non healing ulcer on face/nose, MC skin cance)

25

Red in colour

Erythematous - Measles (single-stranded enveloped RNA paramyxo virus, roseola, high fever, runny nose, conjunctivitis, Koplik spots)

26

Red raised nodule

Erythema nodosum - sarcoidosis

27

Ring-shaped

Annular - Ringworm (trichophyton/microsporum red itching circular lesions on trunk with serpiginous borders and clearing center )

28

Shaped like a coin

Nummular - Ecema

29

Snake-like border

Serpiginous - Ringworm

30

Thick skin with accentuated skin creases

Lichenification - chronic eczema