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Flashcards in Development - Kohlberg Deck (18):
1

who was Kohlberg inspired by?

Jean Piaget

2

what is the Heinz dilemma?

*Does not have to be word for word*
- Heinz's wife is terminally ill but there is one medication that can treat her
- The medication costs lots of money and although Heinz saves up a lot of money he still can't afford it
- The company will not just give him the drugs as they won't make profit after all the research money they used
- Heinz has to make a decision; whether to steal the medication or let his wife die

3

what are the three main stages of moral development?

pre-conventional
conventional
post-conventional

4

who were Kohlberg's participants?

white american men

5

how does Kohlberg measure morality in a person?

by using a moral dilemma and analysing the answers

6

what does stage 1 of pre-conventional include?

obedience or punishment

7

describe stage 1 of pre-conventional

-no difference between doing the right thing and avoiding punishment

8

what does stage 2 of pre-conventional include?

self-interest

9

describe stage 2 of pre-conventional

- interests shift to rewards rather than punishment
- an effort is made to secure the greatest benefit to oneself

10

what does stage 3 of conventional include?

conformity and interpersonal relationships

11

describe stage 3 of conventional

- the 'good girl/boy' level
- an effort is made tp secure approval and maintain friendly relations with others

12

what does stage 4 of conventional include?

authority and social order

13

describe stage 4 of conventional

-orientation toward fixed rules
- the purpose of morality is maintaining the social order
- interpersonal accord is expanded to include the entire society

14

what does stage 5 of post-conventional include?

social contract

15

describe stage 5 of post-conventional

-mutual benefit, reciprocity
-morally right and legally right are not always the same
-utilitarian rules that make life better for everyone

16

what does stage 6 of post-conventional include?

universal principles

17

describe stage 6 of post-conventional

-morality is based on principles that transcend mutual benefit

18

who were Kohlberg's main two critics?

- Colby et al (1983)
- Gilligan (1982)