Flashcards in Development - Kohlberg Deck (18):
who was Kohlberg inspired by?
what is the Heinz dilemma?
*Does not have to be word for word*
- Heinz's wife is terminally ill but there is one medication that can treat her
- The medication costs lots of money and although Heinz saves up a lot of money he still can't afford it
- The company will not just give him the drugs as they won't make profit after all the research money they used
- Heinz has to make a decision; whether to steal the medication or let his wife die
what are the three main stages of moral development?
who were Kohlberg's participants?
white american men
how does Kohlberg measure morality in a person?
by using a moral dilemma and analysing the answers
what does stage 1 of pre-conventional include?
obedience or punishment
describe stage 1 of pre-conventional
-no difference between doing the right thing and avoiding punishment
what does stage 2 of pre-conventional include?
describe stage 2 of pre-conventional
- interests shift to rewards rather than punishment
- an effort is made to secure the greatest benefit to oneself
what does stage 3 of conventional include?
conformity and interpersonal relationships
describe stage 3 of conventional
- the 'good girl/boy' level
- an effort is made tp secure approval and maintain friendly relations with others
what does stage 4 of conventional include?
authority and social order
describe stage 4 of conventional
-orientation toward fixed rules
- the purpose of morality is maintaining the social order
- interpersonal accord is expanded to include the entire society
what does stage 5 of post-conventional include?
describe stage 5 of post-conventional
-mutual benefit, reciprocity
-morally right and legally right are not always the same
-utilitarian rules that make life better for everyone
what does stage 6 of post-conventional include?
describe stage 6 of post-conventional
-morality is based on principles that transcend mutual benefit