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Endocrinology > Diabetes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diabetes Deck (11):
1

Is type 1 diabetes an immune disorder?

yes

2

When is there a peak in type 1 presentation?

pre school and peri puberty
small peak in late 30s

3

List the symptoms of diabetes mellitus.

thirst
polyuria
thrush
weakness/fatigue
blurred vision
infections
weight loss

4

Give 3 useful discriminatory tests for diabetes.

GAD/anti-islet cell antibodies
Ketones
C-peptide

5

What pancreatic diseases causeType 3 diabetes?

pancreatic disease eg recurrent pancreatitis, haemochromatosis, CF

6

What endocrine diseases cause Type 3 diabetes?

Cushings, acromegaly, phaechromocytoma, glucagonoma

7

What are the drug induced causes of Type 3 diabetes?

glucocorticoids
diuretics
b-blockers

8

What genetic conditions can lead to Type 3 diabetes?

CF, myotonic dystrophy, Turner's

9

What should you look out for in monogenic diabetes?

strong family history
young onset
GAD Negative
C-peptide positive

10

What is Type 4 diabetes?

gestational

11

What are the two main types of complications from diabetes?

macro-vasular eg heart disease and stroke
microvascular eg retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy