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Flashcards in Diabetes Deck (11):
1

Metformin (glucophage)

Oral hypoglycemic agent. Type 2. Hold 48 hrs after cardiac catheterization. Worried about kidneys

2

Pioglitazone (actos)

Oral hypoglycemic agent. Type 2.

3

Sitagliptin (januvia)

Oral hypoglycemic agent. Type 2.

4

Glipizide (glucotrol)

Oral hypoglycemic agent. Type 2.

5

Regular insulin

Clear. Only insulin given IV. 30 min onset. 2-4 hr peak. 6-8 hr duration. Short-acting. When mixing with NPH draw regular first (clear to cloudy). Indications - ketoacidosis, altered level of con, dehydration, kussmaul resp, abd pain, n/v

6

Rapid acting insulin

15 min onset. 1-3 hr peak. 3-5 hr duration. Lispro, aspart, glulisine. Before meals

7

NPH

Cloudy. Intermediate acting. 1.5 hr onset. 4-12 hr peak. 16-24 hr duration. When mixing with Regular draw regular first (clear to cloudy)

8

Long acting

Lantus (gargon), glargine, detemir (peak 3-14 hrs). Clear. Can't be mixed with any other insulin. No peak. 2-4 hr onset. 24 hr duration.

9

Basal bolus insulin dosing

Long acting given once a day. Rapid-acting insulin given before meals. Continuous rapid acting (basal) plus on demand bolus dosing

10

D50W

For unconscious hypoglycemic pt. hard to push use large bore IV

11

Glucagon (glucagen)

Injectable IM. Given to unconscious hypoglycemic pt.