Hypertension Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hypertension Deck (10):
1

Furosemide (lasix)

Diuretic for HTN or HF. Loop diuretic. Taken with K supp.

2

Atenolol (tenormin)

Beta-adrenergic antagonist. Do not d/c suddenly.

3

Metoprolol (lopressor)

Beta-adrenergic blocker. HTN, angina, MI. Taken w/ food.

4

Clonidine (catapres)

AE- dry mouth, impotence, sleep disturbance. Central acting adrenergic antagonist.

5

Chlorothiazide (diuril)

Diuretic. For lower BP. Inc urination, dec swelling if edema, and wt loss. Daily wt. No alcohol. Low Na. Sensitivity to sunlight.

6

Propranolol hydrochloride

Blocks beta-adrenergic stimulation and causes dec HR, myocardial contractility, and conduction

7

Nifedipine

CCB. Prevention of angina. Hold for low BP

8

Captopril (capoten)

ACEI. HTN. Stay in bed for the first 3 hrs. SE- loss of taste for first 3 mo.

9

Methyldopa

Central acting adrenergic stimulant. HTN. AE- orthostatic HTN, sedation, dec mental acuity, dry mouth; erectile dysfunction, fever, edema, bradycardia, loss of libido. Don't take with alcohol or CNS dep.

10

Dopamine

Adrenergic. Hypotension. Inc CO. Check urine output often. Administered according to micrograms per kilogram per hour. SE- inc ICP, ectopic beats, nausea, HA