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Nutrition health and disease > Diabetes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diabetes Deck (27):
1

What is type 1 diabetes?

An absolute deficiency of insulin

2

What is type 2 diabetes?

Resistance to insulin action &an inadequate compensatory insulin secretory response

3

Where is glucose absorbed from?

small intestine into the blood

4

Where is an increase in concentration of blood glucose sensed by?

Beta-cells of the pancreas

5

Where do glucose transporters facilitate uptake of glucose for storage as glycogen?

The liver

6

what fasted plasma glucose level is diabetic?

>7.0mmol/L

7

What random plasma glucose level is diabetic?

>11.1mmol/L

8

What are symptoms of diabetes?

Increases thirst, increased nee to urinate, fatigue, tiredness, weight loss and blurred vision

9

Are symptoms more severe and set on faster in type 1 or 2 diabetes?

Type 1

10

What is the current prevalence of diabetes in the uk?

3.4 million

11

What is the aetiology of type 1 diabetes?

Autoimmune destruction on beta-cells, can occur at any age, famalilia trend, viruses, drugs or cehmical

12

What disorders is type 1 diabetes secondary to?

Pancreatitis

13

What % of type 2 diabetics are obese?

80%

14

How can type 2 diabetes be treated?

Lifestyle modification, oral hypoglycaemic agents or exogenous insulin therapy

15

How many years before diagnosis is type 2 diabetes detectable by?

10 Years

16

Name three identifications of metabolic syndrome?

blood pressure>130/>85 mm HG, Fasting glucose >6.1mmol/l and serum triglycerides >1.7mmol/l

17

What health outcomes can diabetes cause?

Neuropathy, Nepthropathy, retinopathy and microvascular complications

18

What is associated with diabetic complications?

Length of diabetes duration

19

What for of diabetes is more relevant to macrovascular complications?

Type 2

20

What macrovascualr complications can type2 diabetes cause?

Coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease and increased morality

21

What should type 2 diabetes aim to control?

Lipid factors and blood pressure

22

What blood glucose level is hypoglycemic (glucose deficient) when self monitoring?

< 4.0 mmol/l

23

What blood glucose level is hyperglycaemic (excessive glucose) when self monitoring?

persistently >12.0 mmol?l

24

Normal blood glucose level before meals?

4-7 mmol/l

25

what treatment is required for type 1 diabetics?

Insulin therapy, pump therapy, carbohydrate counting and insulin bd

26

How often a day should T2 diabetics measure blood glucose?

once a day

27

How many times per day should T1 diabetics check blood glucose levels?

pre breakfast, lunch, dinner and before bed