What is type 1 diabetes?
An absolute deficiency of insulin
What is type 2 diabetes?
Resistance to insulin action &an inadequate compensatory insulin secretory response
Where is glucose absorbed from?
small intestine into the blood
Where is an increase in concentration of blood glucose sensed by?
Beta-cells of the pancreas
Where do glucose transporters facilitate uptake of glucose for storage as glycogen?
what fasted plasma glucose level is diabetic?
What random plasma glucose level is diabetic?
What are symptoms of diabetes?
Increases thirst, increased nee to urinate, fatigue, tiredness, weight loss and blurred vision
Are symptoms more severe and set on faster in type 1 or 2 diabetes?
What is the current prevalence of diabetes in the uk?
What is the aetiology of type 1 diabetes?
Autoimmune destruction on beta-cells, can occur at any age, famalilia trend, viruses, drugs or cehmical
What disorders is type 1 diabetes secondary to?
What % of type 2 diabetics are obese?
How can type 2 diabetes be treated?
Lifestyle modification, oral hypoglycaemic agents or exogenous insulin therapy
How many years before diagnosis is type 2 diabetes detectable by?