Diagnosing Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diagnosing Disorders Deck (10):
1

Psychological Disorders

Patterns of thoughts, feelings, or actions that are deviant, distressful, and dysfunction (3Ds)
Disorder: state of ill health
Patterns: finding a collection of symptoms that tend to go together; not just one symptom

2

Deviant

Differing from the norm / expected
Disorder may also be a deviation from a typical developmental pathway

3

Axis I of Diagnosis

Is a clinical syndrome present?
Using spec defined criteria, clinicians may select 0, 1, or more syndromes

4

Axis II of Diagnosis

Is a personality disorder or mental retardation (intellectual developmental disorder present)?
Clinicians may / not also select one of these two conditions

5

Axis III of Diagnosis

Is a general medical condition, such as diabetes, arthritis, or hypertension also present?

6

Axis IV of Diagnosis

Are psychosocial / environmental problems, such as school / housing issues, also present?

7

Axis V of Diagnosis

What is the global assessment of this person's functioning?
Clinicians assign a code from 0-100

8

What effects do stigma and stereotypes have on diagnoses?

Many ppl think a diagnostic label means being seen as weird / weak; b/c of this many psychologists use extreme caution in labels
However, negative views / stigma come from pop culture views

9

Distress

Deep frustration w/ not being able to control a spec behavior

10

Dysfunction

Interference of time / energy spent on certain thoughts / behaviors w/ everyday life