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Flashcards in Intelligence Deck (18):

Intelligence Test

Series of questions / exercises which attempt to assess ppl's mental abilities in a way that generates a numerical score



"Whatever intelligence tests measure"
The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations


Charles Spearman on General Intelligence, g

Charles Spearman performed a factor analysis of diff skills and found that ppl who did well in one area also did well in another; he speculated that these ppl had a high g


Factor Analysis

A statistical technique that determines how diff variables relate to each other
eg. whether they form clusters that tend to vary together


Louis Thurstone's Seven Clusters of Abilities

Louis Thurstone concluded from results of 56 skill tests that there are 7 clusters that measure intelligence:
1. Verbal Intelligence
2. Inductive Reasoning
3. Word Fluency
4. Spatial Ability
5. Memory
6. Perceptual Speed
7. Numerical Ability


Savant Syndrome

Having isolated "islands" of high ability amidst a sea of below-average cognitive / social functioning


Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

Howard Gardner believed there were 8 diff intelligences that often correlate w/ each other:
1. Linguistic
2. Logical-Mathematical
3. Musical
4. Spatial
5. Bodily-Kinesthetic
6. Intrapersonal
7. Interpersonal
8. Naturalist


Correlation Between Intelligence and Success

Wealth tends to correlate w/ high intelligence tests scores
Ppl who have admitted focused daily effort / practice, connections, and hard work often achieve success-level expertise
Ppl w/ high emo intel are often successful b/c they can delay short-term gratification and read social cues easily


Robert Sternberg's Intelligence Triarchy

Robert Sternberg proposed that intelligence is measured under 3 umbrellas:
1. Analytical Intelligence
2. Practical Intelligence
3. Creative Intelligence



The ability to produce ideas that are novel and valuable
Includes convergent and divergent thinking


Convergent Thinking

A left-brain activity involving zeroing in on a single correct answer


Divergent Thinking

The ability to generate new ideas, new actions, and multiple options / answers


Robert Steinberg's Five Components of Creativity

Creative Environment
Venturesome Personality
Intrinsic Motivation
Imaginative Thinking


Four Strategies to Boost Creativity

1. Pursue an interest until mastery
2. Allow for incubation (brain marination) of ideas / concepts
3. Allow for mental wandering / aimless daydreaming
4. Improve mental flexibility by experiencing other cultures / ways of thinking


Social Intelligence

The ability to understand / navigate social situations


Emotional Intelligence

Involves processing and managing the emotional component of those social situations, including one's own emotions


Components of Emotional Intelligence

1. Perceiving emotions
2. Understanding emotions
3. Managing emotions
4. Using emotions


Anatomical Implications of "Genius"

Larger brain size, esp. parietal lobe
High activity in frontal / parietal lobe
Extra gray matter (brain cell bodies)
Extra white matter (axons)
Eg. high intelligence correlates w/ high memory retrieval spd and sensory / perceptual info processing spd