Social Influence Flashcards Preview

Psych 10 > Social Influence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Influence Deck (13):
1

Conformity

Adjusting our behavior / thinking to fit in w/ a group standard
Includes automatic mimicry, social norms, and normative / informational social influence

2

Automatic Mimicry

A component of conformity
Subconscious mimicry of surrounding behavior
- regional accents
- contagious yawning
- empathetic mood shifts
- adopting coping styles (yelling, withdrawal)

3

Social Norm

A "correct" / "normal" way to behave / think in a spec group
Asch conformity studies showed that ~33% of ppl will agree w/ mistruths to go along w/ group

4

What makes you more likely to conform?

1. You are not firmly committed to one set of beliefs / style of behavior
2. Group has at least 3 ppl / unanimous
3. You admire / are attracted to the group
4. Group tries to make you feel incompetent / closely watched
5. Your culture encourages respect for norms

5

Normative Social Influences

Going along w/ others in pursuit of social approval / belonging (and to avoid disapproval / rejection)
Asch conformity studies showed this
eg. fashion sense

6

Informational Social Influences

Going along w/ others b/c their ideas / behaviors make sense, the evidence in our social environment changes our minds
eg. deciding which side of the road to drive on

7

Under what social conditions are ppl more likely to obey commands?

1. When a physical, legitimate authority figure associated w// a prestigious institution simply gives a command
2. When the effected party is not physically present
3. No role model for defiance
Eg. Milgram experiment

8

Social Facilitation

Intensification of individual performance when observers are present; increase of autonomic arousal along w/ increasing motivation for confident ppl / anxiety for unconfident ppl
Applies mostly to experts, not to novices

9

Social Loafing

Tendency of ppl in a group setting to show less effort when not held individually accountable
Ppl in collectivist cultures don't slack off as much maybe b/c they believe contributions matter even w/out reward

10

Deindividuation

Loss of self-awareness / self-restraint
Occurs in group settings involving anonymity and arousal
eg. riots, KKK, bullying, concerts

11

Group Polarization

Tendency of ppl of similar views form a group together and making their views more extreme
Ppl in these groups may encounter only reinforcing ideas

12

Groupthink

Phenomenon in which individuals w/in a group will make decisions in pursuit of social harmony / avoidance of social disagreement even w/out open exchange of ideas
Prevents realistic assessment of options

13

Individual Power

Individuals w/in a group may resist obedience / conformity
Individuals can initiate social forces
Individuals can prevent groupthink