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AP Lang Rhetoric Terms > Diction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diction Deck (12)
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1

Abstract

Word that signifies a general and intangible concept, idea, or condition
ex: freedom, truth, beauty
Function: General terms that leaves interpretation to the reader and personalizes the argument

2

Archaism

An old fashioned word or expression that is no longer used commonly
Function: Authors may invoke an earlier time period (or poke fun at it)

3

Concrete

Word that specifies what is tangible or something we can know with one of the five senses
Function: clarity

4

Connotation

The implied or understood meaning of a word and its association

5

Denotation

the literal or dictionary definition of a word
Function: Allows for manipulation of meaning according to associations a specific audience brings to the situation

6

Colloquialism

Words and phrases in casual conversation, often particular to a geographic region
Function: Create a casual and conversational tone. Often used when the author wants his audience to count on him/her as one of their own.

7

Euphemism

Substitution of a more agreeable or polite word for one that sounds negative or offensive
Function: soften a message or detract from a negative aspect

8

Jargon

Specialized language of a professional, occupational, or other group
Function: Audience is key. If used in a seemingly inappropriate context, the author may be attempting satire.

9

Neologism

A recently invented phrase or word.
Function: Establishes author as current.

10

Portmanteau

The combination of two or more words into one
Function: clarify/labels concepts, adds wit to writing

11

Pun

A play on words to suggest two meanings associated with just one word.
Function: to suggest more than one meaning/quality to critique, humor, etc.

12

5 different POVs

1. First person
2. Third person omniscient
3. Third person limited omniscient
4. Third person objective
5. Stream of consciousness