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AP Lang Rhetoric Terms > Figurative Language > Flashcards

Flashcards in Figurative Language Deck (11)
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1

Allusion

Short, informal reference to a generally well-known place, person, event, etc.

2

Analogy

An extended comparison between two unlike things (similar to a simile or metaphor); usually a well-known thing is employed to explain something less familiar

3

Apostrophe

Direct address of a personified object or audience, that is a forceful emotional device (often found in informal writing)

4

Irony

The contrast between what seems to be and what really is.
Three types:
1. Dramatic - the reader or audience knows more bout what is happening/is about to happen than the characters do.
2. Situational - an event is the opposite of what is expected.
3. Verbal - words mean the opposite of what is intended

5

Kairos

Rhetoric art of seizing the occasion, covering both timing and the appropriate medium

6

Juxtaposition

Placing two terms/concepts together for the sake of comparison/contrast

7

Metaphor

Figure that makes a comparison without using like or as. It's different from analogy in that it usually describes with vivid language rather than try to explain something unfamiliar

8

Metonymy

Reference to something closely related to the actual subject, so standing in for the object itself

9

Paradox

An impossible pair that does point to a truth

10

Synecdoche

Use of a part of something to represent the whole (close to metonymy)

11

Understatement

Force of description is less than one might expect. This can emphasize an idea, calm a reader, highlight an extreme nature, or add humor.